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Final cut privilege

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Title: Final cut privilege  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Director's cut, Artistic control, Citizen Kane, Final cut, Show Me Love (film)
Collection: Film and Video Terminology, Film Production
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Final cut privilege

Final cut privilege (final cut right) is a film industry term, usually meaning the right of a director to decide how a film is ultimately released for public viewing.[1]

Contents

  • Condition 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4

Condition

Citizen Kane, directed by Orson Welles, had a notable episode about the final cut privilege.[1]

On nearly all occasions in the United States, only established and bankable directors (such as Steven Spielberg, Ridley Scott or Peter Jackson) are given final cut rights. Outside the Hollywood studio system—in France, for example—directors whose reputations are built on artistic merit, as opposed to bankability, frequently have final cut on their films. In America there are only some acclaimed, but not necessarily bankable directors, such as Woody Allen, Alexander Payne and Terrence Malick, who enjoy final cut.[2][3] Sometimes nonbankable directors get final cut privilege when making a film on a low budget.

Before a film is released, studios will usually make changes for commercial purposes, or to remove any controversial content. Sometimes such practices can cause conflict between the director and studio releasing the film (see American History X and Brazil).[4]

Other contractual agreements will still apply, though: A director commissioned for a film with a NC-17" rating in the US. For its US release, foreground actors were digitally added to obscure some sex acts to reach the contractually obliged R rating.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Citizen Kane at History Today.
  2. ^ "Fade-out on final-cut privileges?" at Variety.
  3. ^ "Michel Gondry talks Be Kind Rewind" at North by Northwestern
  4. ^ "Film Has Two Versions; Only One Is Julie Taymor’s" at The New York Times (March 20, 2007).

Further reading

  • Gerstner, David A. & Staiger, Janet. (2002). Authorship and film. (AFI Film Readers) Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-93994-2.
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