World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Final cut privilege

Article Id: WHEBN0002710608
Reproduction Date:

Title: Final cut privilege  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Director's cut, Artistic control, Citizen Kane, Final cut, Show Me Love (film)
Collection: Film and Video Terminology, Film Production
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Final cut privilege

Final cut privilege (final cut right) is a film industry term, usually meaning the right of a director to decide how a film is ultimately released for public viewing.[1]


  • Condition 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4


Citizen Kane, directed by Orson Welles, had a notable episode about the final cut privilege.[1]

On nearly all occasions in the United States, only established and bankable directors (such as Steven Spielberg, Ridley Scott or Peter Jackson) are given final cut rights. Outside the Hollywood studio system—in France, for example—directors whose reputations are built on artistic merit, as opposed to bankability, frequently have final cut on their films. In America there are only some acclaimed, but not necessarily bankable directors, such as Woody Allen, Alexander Payne and Terrence Malick, who enjoy final cut.[2][3] Sometimes nonbankable directors get final cut privilege when making a film on a low budget.

Before a film is released, studios will usually make changes for commercial purposes, or to remove any controversial content. Sometimes such practices can cause conflict between the director and studio releasing the film (see American History X and Brazil).[4]

Other contractual agreements will still apply, though: A director commissioned for a film with a NC-17" rating in the US. For its US release, foreground actors were digitally added to obscure some sex acts to reach the contractually obliged R rating.

See also


  1. ^ a b Citizen Kane at History Today.
  2. ^ "Fade-out on final-cut privileges?" at Variety.
  3. ^ "Michel Gondry talks Be Kind Rewind" at North by Northwestern
  4. ^ "Film Has Two Versions; Only One Is Julie Taymor’s" at The New York Times (March 20, 2007).

Further reading

  • Gerstner, David A. & Staiger, Janet. (2002). Authorship and film. (AFI Film Readers) Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-93994-2.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.