World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fort Pitt Blockhouse

Article Id: WHEBN0032425605
Reproduction Date:

Title: Fort Pitt Blockhouse  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pittsburgh, Point State Park, History of Pittsburgh, Timeline of Pittsburgh, Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania)
Collection: Archaeological Sites on the National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania, Buildings and Structures in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Daughters of the American Revolution Museums, Historic American Buildings Survey in Pennsylvania, History of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Infrastructure Completed in 1764, National Historic Landmarks in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania State Historical Marker Significations, Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation Historic Landmarks, Protected Areas Established in 1974, Redoubts, Visitor Attractions in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Fort Pitt Blockhouse

Fort Pitt Block House
Former names Bouquet's Block House
Bouquet's Redoubt
Old Block House[1]
General information
Type Redoubt
Location Point State Park,
Pittsburgh
Coordinates
Completed 1764
Technical details
Floor count

2

Forks of the Ohio
NRHP Reference # 66000643[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NHL October 9, 1960[3]
Designated PHMC May 08, 1959[4]
Designated PHLF unknown[5]

The Fort Pitt Block House (sometimes called Bouquet's Blockhouse[6] or Bouquet's Redoubt[7]) is a historic building in Point State Park in the city of Pittsburgh. It was constructed in 1764 as a redoubt of Fort Pitt, making it the oldest extant structure in Western Pennsylvania,[8] as well as the "oldest authenticated structure west of the Allegheny Mountains".[9]

Contents

  • Construction 1
  • History 2
  • Today 3
  • Maps and illustrations 4
    • Before construction 4.1
    • After construction 4.2
  • References 5
  • Notes 6
  • External links 7

Construction

The Block House was constructed in 1764 as a defensive military redoubt. Henry Bouquet initiated the construction of a small number of redoubts around the outer walls of the fort as a way to reinforce its defense,[note 1] of which only the Fort Pitt Block House survives.[10]

History

When Fort Pitt was demolished in 1792, the Block House was left untouched because it was already in use as a residence. The structure was converted into a private house in 1785 by Isaac Craig. In 1894, philanthropist Mary Schenley presented the deed to the Block House to the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR).[11][12] She did this specifically so that the structure might be preserved for future generations:
You are to preserve and keep this relic of a bygone past, and to gather and preserve all obtainable history and tradition in regard to it, and you are to beautify and adorn it and to make it the receptacle of relics bearing on the Colonial and Revolutionary periods of its existence.…I will therefore…leave the ladies of your Society, who have the history of western Pennsylvania at their finger ends, to tell the story of the chivalrous Frenchmen, cruel, crafty Indians, courageous British, and intrepid Colonists. It is fitting that this old landmark, rich in historic associations of more than a century ago, should fall into the hands of those who by birth, tradition, and sentiment are particularly fitted to receive and preserve it and perpetuate the memories of the days when it was occupied by the French and their Indian allies, and afterwards by the British and Colonial troops.[12]

(However, the French had already abandoned control of the area when the blockhouse was built in 1764.)

Industrialist Henry Clay Frick purchased all of the land surrounding the Block House in 1902, shortly before Schenley's death.[13] He offered the DAR $25,000 to move the Block House to Schenley Park; however, the DAR refused. Following lengthy litigation, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled in favor of the DAR and the Block House, enabling its continued preservation.[13]

The structure has never been torn down, completely rebuilt, or moved during its centuries of existence. Much of its timbers, brick, and stone remain original to its 1764 construction.

Today

Although the Block House resides within the boundaries of Point State Park, it is owned and operated by the Fort Pitt Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution.[8] The DAR allows visitors to the park to tour the structure.[8] The building is recognized by the National Register of Historic Places as being the sole surviving historical building in the "Forks of the Ohio (Site of Fort Duquesne and Fort Pitt, Bouquet's Blockhouse)" historic place. It also has a historical marker issued by the commonwealth of Pennsylvania[6] and is a Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation designated Historic Landmark.[5]

Maps and illustrations

Before construction

After construction


References

  1. ^
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  3. ^ "Forks of the Ohio". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-07-02. 
  4. ^ "Fort Pitt Blockhouse - PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b (photo), Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation, 2007 http://www.phlf.org/wp-content/uploads/2007/09/Plaque1.jpg, retrieved 2011-07-15 
  6. ^ a b "Fort Pitt Block House Historical Marker". ExplorePAHistory.com. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  7. ^ Durant, Samuel W. (1876). . Retrieved 17 July 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c "Point State Park". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  9. ^ Mellon, Steve. "The Blockhouse, Point State Park".  
  10. ^ Toker, Franklin (2007). Buildings of Pittsburgh. Chicago: Society of Architectural Historians.  
  11. ^ Atlantic Reporter 79. St. Paul: West Publishing Co. 1911. p. 128. 
  12. ^ a b Daughters of the American Revolution magazine 5. 1894. p. 160. 
  13. ^ a b "The Point: The Block House". Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 

Notes

  1. ^ . The specific number of redoubts constructed is variously listed as two (Toker 2007) or five (Toker 2009)

External links

  • 360° panorama of the Block House exterior
  • 360° panorama of the Block House interior
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.