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Frederick Low

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Title: Frederick Low  
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Subject: Leland Stanford, List of Governors of California, J. Neely Johnson, 37th United States Congress, FrederickLow.jpg
Collection: 1828 Births, 1894 Deaths, 19Th-Century American Diplomats, Ambassadors of the United States to China, California Republicans, Governors of California, Members of the United States House of Representatives from California, People from Waldo County, Maine, People of California in the American Civil War, Republican Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Republican Party State Governors of the United States, Union State Governors, Unionist Party State Governors of the United States
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Frederick Low

Frederick Ferdinand Low
United States Minister to China
In office
September 28, 1869 – July 24, 1873
President Ulysses S. Grant
Preceded by John Ross Browne
Succeeded by Benjamin Avery
9th Governor of California
In office
December 10, 1863 – December 5, 1867
Lieutenant Tim N. Machin
Preceded by Leland Stanford
Succeeded by Henry Huntly Haight
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's at-large district
In office
June 3, 1862 – March 3, 1863
Preceded by Seat created
Succeeded by Thomas Bowles Shannon
Personal details
Born (1828-06-30)June 30, 1828
Frankfort, Maine
Died July 21, 1894(1894-07-21) (aged 66)
San Francisco, California
Political party Republican Unionist
Spouse(s) Mollie Creed
Profession Banker, politician

Frederick Ferdinand Low (June 30, 1828 – July 21, 1894) was an American politician, US congressman and the ninth governor of California.


Born in Frankfort (now Winterport, Maine) in 1828, Low attended the Hampden Academy in Hampden, Maine. Low moved to California, entering the shipping business in San Francisco in 1849. Low became a banker in Marysville, California from 1854 from 1861.

Low presented credentials as a Republican Member-elect to the 37th Congress but was not permitted to take his seat until a special act of Congress was passed. He served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from June 3, 1862 to March 3, 1863.

Low was appointed in 1863 as collector of the Port of San Francisco prior to becoming governor of California from December 10, 1863 to December 5, 1867. He was the second California governor to live in the Stanford Mansion as the official residence and office until the opening of the California State Capitol building in 1869.[1] Low was California's last Civil War governor. Hallmarks of his administration were the establishment of Yosemite National Park and University of California. Low was considered, father of the University of California, however, his successor, Henry H. Haight signed March 23, 1868, the Charter of the University.[2]

Low served as United States Minister to China from 1869 to 1874. He died in San Francisco on July 21, 1894. He is buried in the Cypress Lawn Memorial Park in Colma.


  1. ^ Department of Parks & Recreation. "Stanford Mansion History". State of California. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  2. ^ State Capitol Museum. "Frederick Low, 9th Governor (1863-1867)". State of California. Archived from the original on 2007-08-13. Retrieved 2007-05-03. 

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
seat created
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's at-large congressional district

June 3, 1862–March 3, 1863
Succeeded by
Thomas B. Shannon
Political offices
Preceded by
Leland Stanford
Governor of California
December 10, 1863 – December 8, 1871
Succeeded by
Henry H. Haight
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