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Freedom Square, Tbilisi

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Freedom Square, Tbilisi

Freedom Square - Liberty Square
Native name
თავისუფლების მოედანი
Location Georgia
Built Early 19th century
Architectural style(s) Neoclassical and Modern with some Pseudo-moorish elements.

Freedom Square (Russian: Эриванская площадь, Erivanskaya ploshchad) under Imperial Russia and Lenin Square under the Soviet Union, is located in the center of Tbilisi at the eastern end of Rustaveli Avenue.

History

Pashkevich-Erivan Square in the 1870s

The square was originally named after Ivan Paskevich, the Count of Erivan, a Ukrainian general of the Russian Imperial Army, who earned his title in honor of his conquest of Erivan (present-day Yerevan) for the Russian Empire. Under the Soviet Union, the square was renamed, first "Beria Square", and then "Lenin Square".[2] The location was first named Freedom Square in 1918, during the foundation of the First Georgian Republic following the collapse of the Russian Empire.

Freedom Square was the site of the Vladimir Arutyunian threw a live grenade at President Bush while he was speaking in an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate him.[3]

Monuments

Abutting the north side of Freedom Square is a small open space with a fountain and a bust of Alexander Pushkin. Nearby was once buried a famous communist Kamo (Simon Ter-Petrossian), but during Stalin's rule his remains were moved to an undisclosed location.[4]

Marriott International branch. The square will also accommodate Old Tbilisi local government office, the building works of which are already started.

During the Soviet period, the square accommodated a large statue to Zurab Tsereteli, was unveiled in the same place.

Metro station Tavisuplebis Moedani, Tbilisi

Branching out from this square are six streets: Rustaveli Avenue, Pushkin Street, Leselidze Street, Shalva Dadiani Street, Galaktion Street, and Leonidze Street.

See also

References

  1. ^ Rydel, Christine. The Ardis anthology of Russian romanticism. Ardish Publishers, 1984. page 335
  2. ^ Площадь свободыRussian: }
  3. ^ "Georgian jailed for Bush attack". BBC News. 11 January 2006. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Sebag-Montefiore, Simon (2008). "Prologue:The Bank Robbery". Young Stalin. Random House, Inc. p 370

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