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French Committee of National Liberation

Wartime poster, approved by the committee, depicting Marianne. The slogan reads "Liberty for France, Freedom for the French".

The French Committee of National Liberation (France from Nazi Germany during World War II. The committee was formed on 3 June 1943 and after a period of joint leadership, on November 9 it came under the chairmanship of Gen. de Gaulle.[1] The committee directly challenged the legitimacy of the Vichy regime and unified all the French forces that fought against the Nazis and collaborators. The committee functioned as a provisional government for Algeria (then a part of metropolitan France) and the liberated parts of the colonial empire. Later it evolved into the Provisional Government of the French Republic, under the premiership of Charles de Gaulle.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Formation 2
  • Provisional government 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Background

After the occupation of France in 1940, the Vichy regime was set up under Marshal Free French forces established under Gen. Charles de Gaulle in Britain while other French Army units remained under the leadership of Gen. Henri Giraud in France's colonial possessions in North Africa. Both factions struggled to gain legitimacy and representation amongst the Allied Powers. Following the Allied invasion of North Africa in 1942, de Gaulle moved the Free French forces to Algiers in French Algeria, where he linked up with Giraud's forces. Although Giraud had briefly supported the Vichy regime, he joined de Gaulle in creating a united front and command of all French forces in North Africa, Europe, and in the colonial possessions in Asia.

Formation

The Committee was formed on 3 June 1943 in Algiers, the capital of French resistance, thus becoming the forerunners in the process to form a provisional government for France as liberation approached.[3] However, Charles de Gaulle politically outmaneuvered Gen. Giraud, and asserted complete control and leadership over the Committee.[2]

Provisional government

With the Socialists and French Communists.[3] The Committee also began the process of writing a new constitution to found the French Fourth Republic. However, Charles de Gaulle resigned in 1946 over the provisional legislature's refusal to grant more powers to the President and owing to the in-fighting between various political factions and the Communists.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ French embassy
  2. ^ a b c "Charles de Gaulle biography". Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Will the French Republic Live Again?
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