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Fukang

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Title: Fukang  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Fukang (meteorite), Turpan, Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Miquan, Kuytun
Collection: Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, County-Level Divisions of Xinjiang, Populated Places in Xinjiang
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Fukang

Fukang
阜康市 · ﻓُﻮْﻛْﺎ شِ‎ · فۇكاڭ شەھىرى
County-level city
Central square in Fukang City
Central square in Fukang City
Fukang is located in Xinjiang
Fukang
Fukang
Location in Xinjiang
Fukang is located in China
Fukang
Fukang
Location in China
Coordinates:
Country China
Province Xinjiang
Prefecture Changji (Hui)
Township-level divisions 3 Subdistricts
4 towns
1 townships
2 ethnic townships
Area
 • Total 11,726 km2 (4,527 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,500,000
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)

Fukang (Chinese: 阜康; pinyin: Fùkāng; ) [1] is a county-level city in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Its area is 11726 km2. and its population in 2007 was reported as approximately 1.5 million.[2] Fukang is located in northern Xinjiang in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, north of Urumqi.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Economy 2
  • Transport 3
  • Special facts 4
  • References 5

History

As early as the Han and Tang dynasties, Fukang was an important stopover on the ancient Silk Road. The Qianlong Emperor of the Qing dynasty established it as a county in 1776. Its status was changed to a city in November 1992.[3]

Economy

In 2007, Fukang City's GDP was 4.822 billion yuan, 2.3 times that of 2002, an average annual increase of 17.6%. Per capita GDP reached 30,000 yuan, 2.1 times that of 2002, an average annual increase of 16.5%.[3]

Fukang's economy relies primarily on heavy industry, agriculture and tourism.[2][3]

Among the tourist attractions in the area are Bogeda peak and the Heavenly Lake of Tianshan.

Bogeda Biosphere Reserve, in the east part of the Tianshan Mountains, was designated a member of UNESCO's Man and Biosphere reserve in 1990.[4]

Irrigated agriculture in the Fukang is enabled by streams flowing from the Tian Shan mountains, as well as by the eastern branch of the Irtysh–Karamay–Ürümqi Canal, which crosses the Gurbantünggüt Desert, bringing to Fukang water from the Irtysh River.

Transport

Special facts

In 2000 a 925 "gemstone meteorite", a pallasite meteorite known as Fukang meteorite, was found near Fukang. It is considered a large and a rare of meteorite. In 2008 the main mass was offered for sale at Bonhams for a value of US $ 2 million. However the lot remained unsold.[5]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^
  5. ^ Fukang Meteorite Auction Bonhams
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