World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

General Electric T58

Article Id: WHEBN0010361459
Reproduction Date:

Title: General Electric T58  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kaman SH-2 Seasprite, Agusta A.101, General Electric T31, General Electric J97, General Electric YJ101
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

General Electric T58

T58
Type Turboshaft
National origin United States
Manufacturer GE Aviation
First run 1955
Major applications CH-46 Sea Knight
SH-2 Seasprite
SH-3 Sea King
Variants Rolls-Royce Gnome,
Inspection of a T58 engine before installation in a SH-3G Sea King helicopter

The General Electric T58 is an American turboshaft engine developed for helicopter use. First run in 1955, it remained in production until 1984, by which time some 6,300 units had been built. On July 1, 1959, it became the first turbine engine to gain FAA certification for civil helicopter use. The engine was license-built and further developed by de Havilland in the UK as the Gnome, and also manufactured by Alfa Romeo and the IHI Corporation.

Design and development

Development commenced with a 1953 US Navy requirement for a helicopter turboshaft to weigh under 400 lb (180 kg) while delivering 800 hp (600 kW). The engine General Electric eventually built weighed only 250 lb (110 kg) and delivered 1,050 hp (780 kW) and was soon ordered into production. First flight was on a modified Sikorsky HSS-1 in 1957, and civil certification for the CT58-100 variant was obtained two years later.[1]

The main production version of the engine was the T58-GE-10, developing 1,400 hp (1,044 kW). The most powerful version, the T58-GE-16, produces 1,870 hp (1,390 kW).[2]

Variants

T58-GE-3
1,325 hp (988 kW) (5 minutes)[3]
T58-GE-4
T58-GE-5
1,500 hp (1,100 kW) (5 minutes)[3]
T58-GE-6
T58-GE-8
T58-GE-8E
1,350 hp (1,010 kW)[3]
T58-GE-8F
1,350 hp (1,010 kW)[3]
T58-GE-10
1,400 hp (1,000 kW)[3]
T58-GE-16
1,870 hp (1,390 kW)[3]
T58-GE-100
1,500 hp (1,100 kW) (10 minutes)[3]
CT58-100
CT58-110
1,250 hp (930 kW)[3]
CT58-140
1,400 hp (1,000 kW)[3]
Rolls-Royce Gnome
Licenced production and development of the T58 in the United Kingdom.

Applications

Other Applications

Two T58s, converted to turbojets by the removal of the power turbines, were used as the engines on the Maverick TwinJet 1200.[4]

The Carroll Shelby turbine cars entered in the 1968 Indianapolis 500 race were powered by T58s.[5] The cars were found to be using variable inlets to get around the USAC regulations on the maximum allowable inlet size and were disqualified.

Turboshaft engines like the GE T58, Lycoming T53/T55 are also used to power high performance powerboats, such as aport and offshore vee, and catamaran hulls like the Skater "Jet Set" or Mystic Powerboats "My Way", water jet river racers like Unatural Dissaster and hydroplanes. Some of these boats run in excess of 200 mph, despite them being open cockpit pleasure boats.

Survivors

Specifications (T58-GE-8)

Data from [7][8]

General characteristics

  • Type: Free power turbine turboshaft
  • Length: 55 in (1,397 mm)
  • Diameter: 16 in (406 mm)
  • Dry weight: 285 lb (129 kg) without reduction gearbox, 391 lb (177 kg) with reduction gearbox

Components

  • Compressor: 10 stage axial-flow compressor with variable inlet guide vanes + variable incidence stators in first three stages
  • Combustors: Annular combustion chamber with 16 burner nozzles on two manifolds
  • Turbine: 2x gas generator power turbine stages + 1x free power turbine stage
  • Fuel type: Aviation kerosene

Performance

See also

Related development
Related lists

References

  1. ^ Flying Magazine: 52. March 1960. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i John W.R. Taylor, ed. (1988). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1988-89. London: Jane's Information Group.  
  4. ^ MiniJets Website Retrieved 28 June 2011
  5. ^ 'Rodger Ward's Indy 500 Preview; Will the Turbines Takeover?'
  6. ^ Engine Collection. NEAM. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  7. ^ "About the General Electric T58 (series) Turbine Engine". 
  8. ^ Taylor, John W.R. FRHistS. ARAeS (1962). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1962-63. London: Sampson, Low, Marston & Co Ltd. 
  • Gunston, Bill (1986). World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens. p. 65. 
  • GE Aviation T58 page and T58 history page

External links

  • Minijets website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.