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General Jewish Labour Bund in Romania

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Title: General Jewish Labour Bund in Romania  
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Subject: General Jewish Labour Bund in Lithuania, Poland and Russia, Folkstsaytung, Der yidisher arbeyter (Vilna), Arbeiter Fragen, Jewish Communist Labour Bund in Poland
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General Jewish Labour Bund in Romania

1929 Romanian Bund poster, announcing a public meeting with Henryk Ehrlich as guest speaker
The General Jewish Labour Bund in Romania (Marxist-inspired Poale Zion bodies of Bessarabia, it rejected Zionism.


In 1922 the Bundists of Bukovina (who had belonged to the United States, called the Gross Rumänische Arbeiter Liga ("Greater Romanian Workers League").[1]

During the right-wing representatives of Jewish nationalism and the far left.[2] The party had its main strength in Bessarabia, and to a lesser extent in Bukovina.[3][4] Well represented at kehilla elections in the Bessarbian city of Chişinău, it lacked political presence in Transylvania.[4] The party had a strong influence in the Yiddish school movement in Bessarabia,[4] but was in competition over political support with the Zionists at Poale Zion and the Agudat Yisrael of Haredi Jews.[3] In Bukovina, the Bund was secondary to the Jewish Autonomist movement led by Benno Straucher and his Jewish National People's Party.[1][3]

At the 1922 Senate election in Czernowitz, the Bundist [5]

Another (former) Bundist, Litman Ghelerter, led to the creation in July 1928 with Ștefan Voitec of a splinter group from the Romanian Social Democratic Party, the Socialist Workers Party of Romania (PSMR).[6]

Although it survived the disappearance of its Russian mother party (persecuted by the Soviet authorities after 1920),[2] the General Jewish Labour Bund of Romania itself ceased to function at the time of the Second World War.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Joseph Kissman, "The History of the Jewish Worker Movement Bund in Bukovina", in Hugo Gold (ed.), History of the Jews in the Bukowina, Tel Aviv, Vol. 1 (1958), pp. 129-144
  2. ^ a b (Romanian) Boris Marian, "O carte-reper în studiul istoriei Europei Răsăritene", in Viața Românească, Nr. 12/2008
  3. ^ a b c (Romanian) Evrei. Profil spiritual, at; retrieved October 6, 2009
  4. ^ a b c Ezra Mendelsohn, The Jews of East Central Europe between the World Wars, Indiana University Press, 1987, p. 191. ISBN 0-253-20418-6
  5. ^ "Rümänien - Bei den Senatswahlen in Czernowitz" (in German). Vienna-Bratislava:  , p.66
  6. ^ "110 ani de social-democratie în România" (in Romanian). Bucarest: Consiliul National al PSD. July 9, 2003. Retrieved 21 November 2009. 
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