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Gentiobiose

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Gentiobiose

Gentiobiose[1]
Gentiobiose
Identifiers
CAS number  YesY
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
ChEBI  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C12H22O11
Molar mass 342.30 g/mol
Density 1.768 g/mL
Melting point 190 to 195 °C (374 to 383 °F; 463 to 468 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY   YesY/N?)

Gentiobiose is a disaccharide composed of two units of D-glucose joined with a β(1->6) linkage. It is a white crystalline solid that is soluble in water or hot methanol. Gentiobiose is incorporated into the chemical structure of crocin, the chemical compound that gives saffron its color. It is a product of the caramelization of glucose. [2]

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ Sugisawa, Hirqshi; Edo, Hiroshi (1966). "The Thermal Degradation of Sugars I. Thermal Polymerization of Glucose". Journal of Food Science 31 (4): 561.  
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