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German Texans

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Title: German Texans  
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Subject: History of Texas
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German Texans

German Texans are an ethnic category belonging to residents of the state of Texas who acknowledge German ancestry and self-identify with the term. From their first immigration to Texas in the 1830s, the Germans tended to cluster in ethnic enclaves. A majority settled in a broad, fragmented belt across the south central part of the state.[1] "In 1990 about three-million Texans considered themselves at least part German.[2] German Texans form a sub-group of German Americans.


A large portion of the early settlers were Forty-Eighters who dispersed into areas of Central Texas, where, after a period of activism during the 1850s, Civil War and Reconstruction, they lived in relative obscurity as teachers, civil servants, merchants, farmers, and ranchers.[3]

The Adelsverein, or Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas (Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas), was a group of Germans dedicated to colonizing Texas in the 1800s.[2]

German-American cultural institutions in Texas include the Sophienburg Museum in New Braunfels, the Pioneer Museum in Fredericksburg,[4] the Witte-Schmid Haus Museum in Austin County.[5] the German-Texan Heritage Society,[6] and the Texas German Society.[7]

See also


Further reading

  • Biesele, Rudolph Leopold, The History of the German Settlements in Texas: 1831–1861. 1930, 1964. Reprint, San Marcos: German-Texan Heritage Society, 1987.
  • Jordan, Terry G. The German Settlement of Texas after 1865. Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Vol. 73, No. 2, Oct. 1969, pp. 193–212.
  • Jordan, Terry G. German Seed in Texas Soil: Immigrant Farmers in Nineteenth-Century Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1966, 1975, etc.
  • Lich, Glen E. The German Texans. San Antonio: University of Texas at San Antonio Institute of Texan Cultures, 1981; revised, 1996.
  • Lonn, Ella Foreigners in the Confederacy. First published in 1940, it remains the only work on the subject, republished February 2002
  • The German Texans. San Antonio: University of Texas Institute of Texan Cultures at San Antonio, 1970, 1987. (Pamphlet in the "Texians and Texans" series)

External links

  • German-Texan Heritage Society
  • Texas German Society
  • Wanderlust: From German to Texan, exhibit at the Witte Museum
  • Germanic studies, University of Texas at Austin
  • Austin Genealogical Society
  • German Texan Families
  • Portal to Texas History

Template:Ethnicity in Texas

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