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German submarine U-259

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German submarine U-259

Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-259
Ordered: 23 December 1939
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 24
Laid down: 25 March 1941
Launched: 30 December 1941
Commissioned: 18 February 1942
Fate: Sunk, 15 November 1942[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(18 February–31 August 1942)
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 September–15 November 1942)
Commanders: Kptlt. Klaus Köpke
(18 February 1942–15 November 1942)
Operations: 1st patrol: 29 August–5 October 1942
2nd patrol: 5–15 November 1942
Victories: None

German submarine U-259 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 25 March 1941 at the Bremer Vulkan yard at Bremen-Vegesack, launched on 30 December 1941, and commissioned on 18 February 1942 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Klaus Köpke. After training with the 5th U-boat Flotilla at Kiel, U-259 was transferred to the 3rd U-boat Flotilla, based at La Pallice, France, for front-line service from 1 September 1942.

U-259 sank no ships in her short career, and was sunk off North Africa on 15 November 1942, during her second combat patrol, by a British Hudson bomber.[2]

Contents

  • Service history 1
    • 1st patrol 1.1
    • 2nd patrol 1.2
    • Sinking 1.3
    • Wolf Packs 1.4
  • References 2
  • External links 3
  • See also 4

Service history

1st patrol

U-259 sailed from Kiel on 29 August 1942, and headed out into the mid-Atlantic, joining Wolf pack Lohs from 3–22 September, and Wolf pack Blitz from 22–25 September, but had no success. The U-boat arrived at La Pallice on 5 October after 38 days at sea.[4]

2nd patrol

U-259 departed La Pallice on 5 November 1942 as part of Wolf pack Delphin, entered the Mediterranean Sea through the Strait of Gibraltar, and joined Wolf pack Wal on 12 November.

Sinking

On 15 November the U-boat was attacked by a British Hudson light bomber of No. 500 Squadron RAF, north of Algiers, in position . U-259 was sunk with all 48 hands when one of the depth charges dropped by the aircraft exploded on contact with the U-boat. The blast also crippled the aircraft, forcing the crew to bail out. Only the pilot and one crewman were rescued by the British sloops HMS Erne and HMS Leith.[2][5]

Wolf Packs

U-259 took part in 4 wolfpacks, namely.

  • Lohs (13 Sep 1942 - 22 Sep 1942)
  • Blitz (22 Sep 1942 - 25 Sep 1942)
  • Delphin (5 Nov 1942 - 12 Nov 1942)
  • Wal (12 Nov 1942 - 15 Nov 1942)

References

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1999, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 96.
  2. ^ a b c Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-259 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-259 - Boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-259 from 29 Aug 1942 to 5 Oct 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-259 from 5 Nov 1942 to 15 Nov 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler).  
  • Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books.  

External links

  • at uboat.netU-259
  • at ubootwaffe.netU-259
  • at u-boot-archiv.deU-259 (German)

See also

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