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German submarine U-83 (1940)

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German submarine U-83 (1940)

For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-83.
Career
Name: U-83
Ordered: 9 June 1938
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 291
Laid down: 5 October 1939
Launched: 9 December 1940
Commissioned: 8 February 1941
Fate: Sunk, 4 March 1943 by a British aircraft[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIB submarine
Displacement: 753 tonnes (741 long tons) surfaced
857 t (843 long tons) submerged
Length: 66.6 m (218 ft 6 in) o/a
48.8 m (160 ft 1 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft, 6-cylinder, 4-stroke F46 diesel engines totalling, 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490.
2 × AEG GU 460/8-276 electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW). Max rpm: 295
Speed: 17.9 knots (20.6 mph; 33.2 km/h) surfaced
8 knots (9.2 mph; 15 km/h) submerged
Range: 16,095 km (8,691 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
175 km (94 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 220 m (720 ft)
Crush depth: 230–250 m (750–820 ft)
Complement: 44–48 officers and ratings
Armament: • 4 × 53.3 cm (21 in) bow torpedo tubes
• 12 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
• 1 × 8.8 cm (3.5 in) deck gun with 220 rounds
• 1 × C30 20 mm AA

German submarine U-83 was a Type VIIB U-boat of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was laid down in the Flender Werke at Lubeck as Werk 291 on 5 October 1939. Launched on 9 December 1940, she was commissioned on 8 February 1941. U-83 served with 1st U-boat Flotilla from 8 February 1941 to 31 December, with the 23rd flotilla from 1 January 1942 to 30 April and with the 29th flotilla from 1 March 1942 until she was sunk.[2]

Service history

U-83 conducted 12 patrols and sank five ships totalling 8,194 gross register tons (GRT) and one auxiliary warship - the Q-ship HMS Farouk, of 91 GRT.[3] She damaged one other ship of 2,590 GRT and damaged the fighter catapult ship HMS Ariguani, of 6,746 GRT.[2][4]

U-83 was sunk on 4 March 1943 with all hands southeast of Cartagena in Spain in position 37°10′N 00°05′E / 37.167°N 0.083°E / 37.167; 0.083Coordinates: 37°10′N 00°05′E / 37.167°N 0.083°E / 37.167; 0.083, by three depth charges dropped from an RAF Hudson bomber.[2][5]

Summary of raiding history

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[6]
12 October 1941 Corte Real  Portugal 2,044 Sunk
26 October 1941 HMS Anguani  UK 6,746 Damaged
17 March 1942 Crista  UK 2,590 Damaged
8 June 1942 Esther *  Mandatory Palestine 100 Sunk
8 June 1942 Said  Egypt 231 Sunk
9 June 1942 Typhoon *  Mandatory Palestine 175 Sunk
13 June 1942 HMS Farouk  UK 96 Sunk
17 August 1942 Princess Marguerite  Canada 5,875 Sunk

* Sailing vessel

References

Notes
Bibliography
  • at uboat.net
  • at ubootwaffe.net
  • Bishop, C. Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. Amber Books, 2006

External links

  • at u-boot-archiv.de (German)

See also

  • List of German U-boats


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