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German submarine U-84 (1941)

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German submarine U-84 (1941)

For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-84.
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-84
Ordered: 9 June 1938
Builder: Flender Werke AG, Lübeck
Laid down: 9 November 1939
Launched: 26 February 1941
Commissioned: 29 April 1941
Fate: Sunk, 7 August 1943
General characteristics
Class & type: Type VIIB U-boat
Displacement: Surfaced 753 tons tons
submerged 857 tons
Length: Overall 66.6 m
pressure hull 48.8 m
Beam: Overall 6.2 m
pressure hull 4.7 m
Draught: 4.74 m
Propulsion: Surfaced: two supercharged MAN, 6 cylinder, 4-stroke M6V 40/46 diesels totalling 2,800 - 3,200bhp(2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490.
Speed: Surfaced 17.9 knots (33 km/h)
submerged eight knots (15 km/h)
Range: Surfaced: 16,095 km
submerged: 175 km
Test depth: 230 m (754 ft). Calculated crush depth: 250-295 m (820-967 ft)
Complement: 44 to 48 officers and ratings
Armament: • 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes: 4 bow, 1 stern
• 14 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
• 1 × 8.8 cm (3.5 in) deck gun with 220 rounds
• 1 × C30 20 mm AA

German submarine U-84 was a Type VIIB U-boat of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was launched on 26 February 1941 and commissioned on 29 April 1941. She operated during the Battle of the Atlantic during the Second World War before being sunk while under the command of Horst Uphoff on 7 August 1943 in the North Atlantic, in position 27°33′N 68°02′W / 27.55°N 68.03°W / 27.55; -68.03Coordinates: 27°33′N 68°02′W / 27.55°N 68.03°W / 27.55; -68.03 by a Mk 24 homing torpedo dropped on it by an American B24 Liberator aircraft (VB-105/B-4 USN). 46 dead (all hands lost).[1]

U-84 carried out eight patrols and accounted for six ships sunk and one ship damaged during World War II. She operated in the Gulf of Mexico for a time. Commanded by Captain Uphoff, U-84 torpedoed the freighter Baja California just forward of midships whilst in the Gulf of Mexico on 19 July 1942 at 06:45. Baja California sank in about 114 feet (35 m) of water about 60 to 70 nautical miles (110 to 130 km) southwest of Fort Myers, Florida. Baja California, en route from New Orleans, Louisiana to Key West, was carrying a load of general cargo which included glassware.[2]

Raiding history

Date[3] Name of ship Nationality Tons Fate
8 April 1942 Nemanja  Yugoslavia 5,226 Sunk
21 April 1942 Chenango  Panama 3,014 Sunk
23 June 1942 Torvanger  Norway 6,568 Sunk
13 July 1942 Andrew Jackson  United States 5,990 Sunk
19 July 1942 Baja California  Honduras 1,648 Sunk
21 July 1942 William Cullen Bryant  United States 7,176 Damaged
2 November 1942 Empire Sunrise  Great Britain 7,459 Sunk

References

See also

  • List of German U-boats


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