Ghulam Ahmed Parwez

This article is about Ghulam Ahmad Pervez. For the religious founder, see Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.

Ghulam Ahmed Pervez
File:Ghulam ahmed pervez.jpg
Born Ghulam Ahmed Pervez
1903
Gurdaspur
Died 1985
lahore
Nationality Pakistani
Occupation Senior Civil Servant, Department of Interior Ministry, Government of India and later, Department of Home and Interior Affairs, Karachi, Pakistan
Religion Islam

Ghulam Ahmad Parwez (also transliterated Parvez, Perwaiz, Parvaiz, etc.) (1903–1985) was a prominent Islamic scholar, famous in the area around Lahore. He urged the Muslims to ponder deeply over the Message of the Quran. He considered Islam a din (way of life), a form of government, a system of government like democracy, autocracy, or socialism. He proclaimed that according to Islam all authority rests with "the law of God" as given in the Quran, whereby food and wealth are to be distributed equally to everybody. He preached that Islam was not a typical religion of rituals and superstitious beliefs but was a challenge to the very institution of organized religion.

His writings describe how Islam was treacherously transformed into a religion by kings who had perverted Islam for their vested interests. "The kings sponsored the creation and fabrication of hadith," he declared. Pervez denounced the Hadith which described Ayesha, the prophet's wife, as a nine-year-old girl. "These are fabricated stories written by the enemies of Islam," he said. He attempted to prove from historical record that Ayesha was much older when she married the prophet. Some contemporary Hadither Scholars declared Pervez a heretic for denying the authority and authenticity of the Hadiths. Pervez himself condemned the Mullahs for "always serving as agents of the rich people" and being "promoters of uncontrolled Capitalism." In 1951, Parvez criticized Jamaat-e-Islami through several articles in Tolu-e-Islam. "The mullahs have hijacked Islam," he said.

Pervez was the right hand man of Muhammed Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, and was one of the leading activists of the Pakistan movement.

Early life

Ghulam Ahmed Pervez was born in Batala, Dist. Gurdaspur, on 9 January 1903. Batala, a town now in the Indian part of Punjab, was at that time a very prominent seat of Islamic learning, philosophy and culture where his grandfather Hakim Maulvi Raheem Bakhsh enjoyed the status of a celebrated scholar and eminent Sufi of the Chishtia Nizamia discipline of mysticism.

According to his own writings, from a very early age he possessed an inquisitive nature and never let any thought pass unquestioned. As he grew, he often wondered why, if mainstream Islamic beliefs and practices were true and correct, they seemed not to produce the results the Qur'an promised.

This line of thinking would eventually lead him to the conclusion that many Hadith widely accepted as authentic were in fact false, having been introduced by elites in Islamic societies in order to pervert and dilute the original revolutionary spirit of true Islam, which they feared as a threat to their traditional authority and privileges. To date, the majority of mainstream Islamic scholars have found Pervez's criticisms unconvincing, and continue to accept as canonical the Hadiths that he rejected.

Career

Pervez joined the Central Secretariat of the Government of India in 1927 and worked in the Home Department, Establishment Division.

He had come in close contact with Allama Muhammad Iqbal, who inspired him. In 1938 Parwez started publishing the monthly Tolu-e-Islam where he propagated his interpretation of the Qur'an.

After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, he worked in the Central Government and was also a counselor to Muhammed Ali Jinnah. Parwez took early retirement as assistant secretary in 1955 to focus more on the religious work.

Works

His work and research produced many books on Qur'anic teachings, the most well known of them being Lughat-ul-Qur'an in four volumes, Mafhoom-ul-Qur'an in three volumes, Tabweeb-ul-Qur'an in three volumes, Nizam-e-Rabubiyyat, Islam A Challenge to Religion, Insaan Ne Kiya Socha (History of Human Thought), Tasawwaf Ki Haqiqat, Saleem Ke Naam in three volumes, Tahira Ke Naam, Qur'ani Faislay in five volumes and Shahkar-e-Risalat (the biography of the second Caliph Hazrat Omar).

He delivered many lectures on Iqbal’s viewpoint of implementing the Qur'anic injunctions, which were later compiled and published as a presentation on Iqbal’s philosophy under the title Iqbal aur Qur'an.

He also gave weekly lectures on exposition of the Qur'an at Karachi which he continued (even after shifting to Lahore in 1958) till October 1984 when he was taken ill and expired subsequently on 24 February 1985. This was in addition to his lectures on the Qur'anic teachings to college and university students, scholars and general public at various occasions.

He organized a country-wide network of spreading his ideas of the Qur'anic teachings called Bazm-e-Tolu-e-Islam. Such organizations have now been formed in a number of foreign countries as well.

He left behind a widow and a brother (both now deceased) and a sister. He had no children. His works are being continued through Idara-Tolu-e-Islam, The Tolu-e-Islam Trust, The Qur'anic Research Centre, the Qur'anic Education Society, the Parwez Memorial Library and his audio and video recordings.

The journal Tolu-e-Islam

For a long time Sir Muhammad Iqbal wanted a journal to propagate his ideas and the aims and objective of the Muslim League. Syed Nazeer Niazi, a close friend and a regular visitor during his last two years, started such a journal at his instructions in 1935, naming it Tolu-e-Islam[1] after Iqbal's famous poem "Tulu'i Islam" (Resurgence of Islam). He also dedicated the first edition of this journal to Sir Muhammad Iqbal.

Afterward, this journal was continued[2] by Ghulam Ahmed Pervez, who had already contributed many articles. He was such a devoted admirer of Sir Iqbal that he printed the picture of him on the cover page of this journal every month. He also named his movement Tolu-e-Islam. This journal is still published by Idara Tolu-e-Islam, Lahore. Initially, "Its primary object was to tell the people (of British India" that according to the Quran, ideology and not geographical boundary was the basis for the formation of nation, and that a politically independent state was pre-requisite to live in Islam."

Major publications

  • Matalibul Furqaan (7 vol) [3]
  • Lughat-ul-Quran (4 vols.)[4]
  • Mafhoom-ul-Quran (3 vols)[5]
  • Tabweeb-ul-Quran (3 vols.) [6]
  • Nizam-e-Rabubiyyat[7]
  • Islam A Challenge to Religion (English version)[8]
  • Insaan Ne Kiya Socha (WHAT MAN THOUGHT, A of History of human thought)[9]
  • Islam kia he (second part of Insan ne kia socha)
  • Tasawwaf Ki Haqiqat(The reality of Islamic Mysticism[10]
  • Saleem Ke Naam (3 vols.) [11]
  • Tahira Ke Naam [12]
  • Qurani Faislay (5 vols.) [13]
  • Meraj-e-Insaaniat (about Muhammad S.A.S) [14]
  • Barke toor (about Mosa) [15]
  • Joe noor (about Ibrahim) [16]
  • Shola e mastoor (about Esa) [17]
  • man(o) yazdan (Me and God, about ALLAH in light of Holy Quran) [18]
  • Shahkar-e-Risalat (A biography Caliph Omar) [19]
  • Iblis o Adam (Satan and Man) [20]
  • Jahane farda [21]
  • Mazahebe Alam ke Asmani kitaben [22]
  • Asbab e zwal e ummat [23]

Notes

See also

External links

  • Biography compiled by Sh. Allah Ditta and late Mohammad Omar Draz, published by Tolu-e-Islam Trust, 25-B, Gulberg-2, Lahore-11, Pakistan
  • Tolu-i-Islam
  • G.A. Parwez audio, video and books online
  • About Quran
  • Allama Ghulam Ahmad Parwez at the Tolu-e-Islam website
  • Leading Personalities of Pakistan, from a neutral source
  • Quranic Education Society, Hyderabad, India
  • ALL URDU BOOKS LINK
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