World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Giant Slalom skiing

Article Id: WHEBN0010814666
Reproduction Date:

Title: Giant Slalom skiing  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Slalom skiing, Jean-Claude Killy, Hanni Wenzel, Ketchum, Idaho
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Giant Slalom skiing

Giant slalom (GS) is an alpine skiing and alpine snowboarding discipline. It involves skiing between sets of poles (gates) spaced at a greater distance to each other than in slalom but less than in super-G.

Giant slalom and slalom make up the technical events in alpine ski racing. This category separates them from the speed events of super-G and downhill. The technical events are normally composed of two runs, held on different courses on the same ski run.

Course

The vertical drop for a GS course must be 250–450 metres (820–1476 ft) for men, 250–400 m (820–1312 ft) for women. The number of gates in this event is 56–70 for men and 46–58 for women. The number of direction changes in a GS course equals 11–15% of the vertical drop of the course in metres, 13–15% for children. As an example, on a 300 m (984 ft) vertical course, there would be between 33 and 45 direction changes for an adult race.[1]

Speed

Although not the fastest event in skiing, on average a well trained racer may hit speeds of 50+ mph. Faster events such as super-G, can reach speeds 80+ mph, and slower events such as slalom averaging out at 25- mph.

Equipment

Giant slalom skis are shorter than super-G and downhill skis, and longer than slalom skis.

In an attempt to increase safety for the 2003–04 season, the FIS increased the minimum sidecut radius for giant slalom skis to 21 m (69 ft) and for the first time imposed minimum ski lengths for GS: 185 cm (72.8 in.) for men and 180 cm (70.9 in.) for women. A maximum stand height (the distance from the snow to the sole of the boot) of 55 mm (2.165 in.) was also established for all disciplines.

In May 2006, the FIS announced further changes to the rules governing equipment. Beginning with the 2007–08 season, the minimum radius for GS skis was increased to 27 m for men and 23 m for women. Additionally, the minimum ski width at the waist was increased from 60 to 65 mm, and the maximum stand height for all disciplines was reduced to 50 mm.[1] The best skiiers tended to use a bigger sidecut radius, like Ted Ligety 29m and Lindsey Vonn 27m.

For the 2012-13 season the FIS increased the sidecut radius to 35m and the minimal length to 195 cm. Many athletes critizised this decision. Often David Dodge was cited. Dodge argues that FIS used studies which do not copmrise a scientific proof. He states that it is well known that if one tips the ski 7° more the 35m ski will have the same turning radius as the 28m ski. He states as well that knee injuries are decreasing since the 1990s, when carving skies started to be used.[2][3][4][5][6]

History

The first giant slalom was set on the Marmolada in Italy's Dolomite mountains, by Guenther Langes in 1935. [7]

The giant slalom was first run in the world championships in 1950 in Aspen, Colorado, and debuted at the Winter Olympics in 1952 in Oslo, Norway. The GS has been run in every world championships and Olympics since.

Upon its introduction, giant slalom briefly displaced the combined event at the world championships, until it returned in 1954 in Åre, Sweden. The combined did not return as an Olympic event until 1988 at Nakiska, the alpine skiing venue west of Calgary, Alberta.

See also

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.