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Gilpin County, Colorado

Gilpin County, Colorado
The Gilpin Combined Court, the county courthouse.
Seal of Gilpin County, Colorado
Map of Colorado highlighting Gilpin County
Location in the state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
Founded November 1, 1861
Named for William Gilpin
Seat Central City
Largest city Central City
 • Total 150 sq mi (388 km2)
 • Land 150 sq mi (388 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 5,851
 • Density 36/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6

Gilpin County is the second-least extensive of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado, just behind Denver itself. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,441.[1] The county seat is Central City.[2] The county was formed in 1861, while Colorado was still a Territory, and was named after Colonel William Gilpin,[3] the first Governor of the Territory of Colorado.

Gilpin County is part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.


  • Geography 1
    • Adjacent counties 1.1
    • National protected areas 1.2
    • State protected area 1.3
    • Scenic trail and byway 1.4
  • Demographics 2
  • Communities 3
  • Historic district 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


1904 broadside bird's eye view or map of Gilpin County, Colorado, issued by the Gilpin County Chamber of Commerce and the Colorado map publisher George Samuel Clason in 1904

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 150 square miles (390 km2), of which 150 square miles (390 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4] It is the second-smallest county by area in Colorado.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

State protected area

Scenic trail and byway


As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 4,757 people, 2,043 households, and 1,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 2,929 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.37% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 4.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,043 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.10% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 37.40% from 25 to 44, 30.00% from 45 to 64, and 5.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 112.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,942, and the median income for a family was $61,859. Males had a median income of $38,560 versus $30,820 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,148. About 1.00% of families and 4.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.40% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over.


Historic district

See also


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 138. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder".  

External links

  • Gilpin County Government website
  • Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck
  • Colorado Historical Society

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