World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Glottal stop (letter)

Article Id: WHEBN0001268993
Reproduction Date:

Title: Glottal stop (letter)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hamza, Latin Extended-B, Glottalstops.png, Modifier letter right half ring, Phonetic transcription symbols
Collection: Phonetic Transcription Symbols
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Glottal stop (letter)

The sign ʔ is called "glottal stop," and it is a letter in some extended Latin alphabets of several languages of Canada. It is not part of the basic Latin alphabet or Classical Latin alphabet. Several phonetic transcription schemes, such as the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), use versions of glottal stop.

Contents

  • Significance 1
  • Similar letters 2
  • Usage 3
    • Technical transcription 3.1
    • Vernacular orthographies 3.2
  • Computing codes 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Significance

It typically represents a glottal stop sound.

Similar letters

Since ʔ is not in the basic Latin alphabet, typing it can be inconvenient or impossible. Where ʔ is not available, it is sometimes replaced by a question mark ?, which is also its official representation in the transcription scheme, SAMPA. In Skwomesh or Squamish, the character may be replaced by the number 7.

Other likely replacements are signs similar to ' (apostrophe), since they represent glottal stops in other orthographies, such as the sign ʻ (ʻokina) in Hawaiian.

In Unicode, uppercase Latin glottal stop and IPA glottal stop are two different characters (respectively): Ɂ and ʔ. The first is slightly wider than the second. Lowercase and superscript versions are also distinguished:ɂ ˀ.

Glottal stops

In phonetic transcription as well as in several languages, a single, tall glyph is used in all situations, with no distinction between uppercase and lowercase. However, in the Chipewyan, Dogrib, and Slavey languages, the tall version is only used for the uppercase, and a short version is used for the lowercase.

Usage

Technical transcription

Vernacular orthographies

Computing codes

In Unicode 1.0, only the tall version and superscript version were included. In version 4.1 (2005), an uppercase character was added, and the existing tall glottal stop was redefined as its lowercase. Finally, in version 5.0 (2006) it was decided to separate the cased and caseless usages, assigning separate characters to each. The IPA character is first from left, while the extended Latin alphabet character is third from left. [1]

Character ʔ ˀ Ɂ ɂ
Unicode name LATIN LETTER
GLOTTAL STOP
MODIFIER LETTER
GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER
GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN SMALL LETTER
GLOTTAL STOP
Character encoding decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 660 0294 704 02C0 577 0241 578 0242
UTF-8 202 148 CA 94 203 128 CB 80 201 129 C9 81 201 130 C9 82
Numeric character reference ʔ ʔ ˀ ˀ Ɂ Ɂ ɂ ɂ

See also

References

  1. ^ "Proposal to add LATIN SMALL LETTER GLOTTAL STOP to the UCS" (PDF). 2005-08-10. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.