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Gommecourt, Pas-de-Calais

 

Gommecourt, Pas-de-Calais

Gommecourt

Coat of arms
Gommecourt
Gommecourt

Coordinates: 50°08′27″N 2°38′46″E / 50.1408°N 2.6461°E / 50.1408; 2.6461Coordinates: 50°08′27″N 2°38′46″E / 50.1408°N 2.6461°E / 50.1408; 2.6461

Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Arras
Canton Pas-en-Artois
Intercommunality Deux Sources
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Lecrivent
Area
 • Land1 3.35 km2 (1.29 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 • Population2 126
 • Population2 density 38/km2 (97/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62375 / 62111
Elevation 124–155 m (407–509 ft)
(avg. 148 m or 486 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Gommecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

Geography

A small farming village situated 14 miles (22.5 km) south of Arras, on the D6 road.

History

Formerly within the ancient County of Artois, the village was redesignated within the new Department of the Pas de Calais after the French Revolution.

World War I

During most of the period of hostilities between 1914-1918 Gommecourt was in the front line of the Western Front, occupied by the German Imperial Army, and was virtually destroyed as a result of the violence to which it was exposed. The neighbouring villages of Hebuterne and Foncquevillers 800 yards or so to the west, being conversely in Allied Forces occupation, were used as the bases for an assault upon it carried out by the British Army on 1. July 1916, as a part of the Battle of the Somme offensive, which resulted in a severe defeat for the attacking force. The victorious German troops who defended the village during the battle were the 52nd Infantry Division from Baden together with 2nd Guards Reserve Division from Westphalia; the British Army force taking part in the attack comprised the 56th (London) Division and the 46th (North Midland) Division. Many of the assaulting force are buried in a number of local CWGC Military Cemeteries around the site, German casualties having been relocated further north after the war.

Population

Historical population of Gommecourt, Pas-de-Calais
Year 196219681975198219901999
Population 150169132132116126

Places of interest

See also

References

  • INSEE commune file

External links

  • The CWGC cemetery
  • Gommecourt on the Quid website (French)
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