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Governor of Arizona

Governor of Arizona
Seal of Arizona
The Honorable
Residence No official residence
Term length Four years, can succeed self once; eligible again after 4-year respite
Inaugural holder George W. P. Hunt
Formation February 14, 1912
Deputy None
Salary $95,000 (2009)[1]

The Governor of Arizona is the head of the executive branch of Arizona's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Arizona Legislature, to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment.[2]

Twenty-two people have served as governor over 26 distinct terms. All of the repeat governors were in the state's earliest years, when George W. P. Hunt and Thomas Edward Campbell alternated as governor for 17 years and, after a two-year gap, Hunt served another term. One governor was successfully impeached, Evan Mecham, and one resigned upon being convicted of a felony, Fife Symington III. The longest-serving governor was Hunt, who was elected seven times and served just under fourteen years. The longest single stint was Bruce Babbitt's, who was elected to two 4-year terms after succeeding to the office following the death of his predecessor, serving nearly nine years total. Wesley Bolin had the shortest term, dying less than five months after succeeding into office. Four governors were actually born in Arizona: Thomas Edward Campbell, Sidney Preston Osborn, Rose Mofford, and Bruce Babbitt. Arizona has had four female governors, the most in the United States, and is also the only state in which female governors have served in a consecutive order.[3] Because of a string of deaths in office, resignations, and an impeachment, Arizona has not had a governor whose term began and ended because of "normal" election circumstances since Jack Williams left office in 1975. The current governor is Jan Brewer, who took office on January 21, 2009, upon the resignation of Janet Napolitano, and was elected to a full term in 2010. Her term will expire on January 5, 2015.


Confederate Arizona

In Tucson between April 2 and April 5, 1860, a convention of settlers from the southern half of New Mexico Territory drafted a constitution for a provisional Arizona Territory, three years before the United States would create such a territory. This proposed territory consisted of the part of New Mexico Territory south of 33° 40' N. On April 2,[4] they elected a governor, Lewis Owings. The provisional territory was to exist until such time as an official territory was created, but that proposal was rejected by the U.S. Congress at the time.[5]

On March 16, 1861, soon before the American Civil War broke out, a convention in Mesilla voted that the provisional territory secede from the Union and join the Confederate States of America.[6] Lewis Owings remained as territorial governor.

The Confederacy took ownership of the territory on August 1, 1861, when forces led by Lieutenant Colonel John Baylor won decisive control of the territory, and Baylor proclaimed himself governor.[7] The territory was organized on February 14, 1862.[8] On March 20, 1862, Baylor issued an order to kill all the adult Apache and take their children into slavery.[7] When Confederate President Jefferson Davis learned of this order, he strongly disapproved and demanded an explanation. Baylor wrote a letter December 29, 1862, to justify his decision, and after this was received, Davis relieved Baylor of his post and commission, calling his letter an "avowal of an infamous crime."[9] By that time, the government of Confederate Arizona was in exile in San Antonio, Texas, as the territory had been effectively lost to Union forces in July 1862;[10] no new governor was appointed.

Governors of the Territory of Arizona

For the period before Arizona Territory was formed, see the list of Governors of New Mexico Territory.

Arizona Territory was formed on February 24, 1863 from New Mexico Territory, remaining a territory for 49 years.[11] On January 18, 1867, the northwestern corner of the territory was transferred to the state of Nevada.[12]

John A. Gurley was appointed by President of the United States Abraham Lincoln to be the first governor of the territory, but he died on August 19, 1863, before he could arrive in the territory.[13] John Noble Goodwin was appointed in his place.

Governor Took office[lower-alpha 1] Left office[lower-alpha 2] Appointed by Notes
Goodwin, John NobleJohn Noble Goodwin [13][14] Lincoln, AbrahamAbraham Lincoln [lower-alpha 3][lower-alpha 4]
McCormick, Richard C.Richard C. McCormick [15] Johnson, AndrewAndrew Johnson [lower-alpha 4]
Safford, Anson P.K.Anson P.K. Safford [16] Grant, Ulysses S.Ulysses S. Grant
Hoyt, John PhiloJohn Philo Hoyt [17] Hayes, Rutherford B.Rutherford B. Hayes
Frémont, John C.John C. Frémont [18] [19] Hayes, Rutherford B.Rutherford B. Hayes [lower-alpha 5][lower-alpha 6]
Tritle, Frederick AugustusFrederick Augustus Tritle [19][20] [21] Arthur, Chester A.Chester A. Arthur [lower-alpha 7]
Zulick, C. MeyerC. Meyer Zulick [22] Cleveland, GroverGrover Cleveland
Wolfley, LewisLewis Wolfley [23] [24] Harrison, BenjaminBenjamin Harrison [lower-alpha 8]
Irwin, John N.John N. Irwin [26] [27] Harrison, BenjaminBenjamin Harrison [lower-alpha 9]
Murphy, OakesOakes Murphy [29][30] Harrison, BenjaminBenjamin Harrison
Hughes, L. C.L. C. Hughes [31] [32] Cleveland, GroverGrover Cleveland [lower-alpha 10]
Franklin, Benjamin JosephBenjamin Joseph Franklin [34] [35] Cleveland, GroverGrover Cleveland
McCord, Myron H.Myron H. McCord [36][37] [38] McKinley, WilliamWilliam McKinley [lower-alpha 11]
Murphy, OakesOakes Murphy [40][41] [42] McKinley, WilliamWilliam McKinley [lower-alpha 12]
Brodie, Alexander OswaldAlexander Oswald Brodie [44][45] [46] Roosevelt, TheodoreTheodore Roosevelt [lower-alpha 13]
Kibbey, Joseph HenryJoseph Henry Kibbey [46][47] Roosevelt, TheodoreTheodore Roosevelt
Sloan, Richard ElihuRichard Elihu Sloan [48][49] Taft, William HowardWilliam Howard Taft

Governors of the State of Arizona

The state of Arizona was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1912, the last of the contiguous states to be admitted.

The state constitution of 1912 called for the election of a governor every two years.[50] The term was increased to four years by a 1968 amendment.[51][52] The constitution originally included no term limit,[53] but an amendment passed in 1992 allows governors to succeed themselves only once;[50] before this, four governors were elected more than twice in a row. Gubernatorial terms begin on the first Monday in the January following the election.[50] Governors who have served the two term limit can run again after four years out of office.

Arizona is one of seven states which does not have a lieutenant governor; instead, in the event of a vacancy in the office of governor, the Secretary of State, if elected, succeeds to the office. If the secretary of state was appointed, rather than elected, or is otherwise ineligible to hold the office of governor, the first elected and eligible person in the line of succession assumes the office. The state constitution specifies the line of succession to be the Secretary of State, Attorney General, State Treasurer and Superintendent of Public Instruction, in that order. If the governor is out of the state or impeached, the next elected officer in the line of succession becomes acting governor until the governor returns or is cleared.[54] The line of succession has gone beyond secretary of state once, when Bruce Babbitt, as state attorney general, became governor upon the death of Wesley Bolin; the secretary of state at the time, Rose Mofford, was an appointee to replace Bolin,[55] who himself had succeeded to the office due to the resignation of his predecessor, Raul Hector Castro. Mofford would later succeed Evan Mecham as governor when he was impeached.

      Democratic (16)[lower-alpha 14]       Republican (10)[lower-alpha 15]

#[lower-alpha 16]   Governor Term start Term end Party Terms[lower-alpha 17]
1   Hunt, George W. P.George W. P. Hunt Democratic 2
2 Campbell, Thomas EdwardThomas Edward Campbell Republican 12[lower-alpha 18]
1 Hunt, George W. P.George W. P. Hunt Democratic 12[lower-alpha 18]
2 Campbell, Thomas EdwardThomas Edward Campbell Republican 2
1 Hunt, George W. P.George W. P. Hunt Democratic 3
3 Phillips, John CalhounJohn Calhoun Phillips Republican 1
1 Hunt, George W. P.George W. P. Hunt Democratic 1
4 Moeur, Benjamin BakerBenjamin Baker Moeur Democratic 2
5 Stanford, Rawghlie ClementRawghlie Clement Stanford Democratic 1
6 Jones, Robert TaylorRobert Taylor Jones Democratic 1
7 Osborn, Sidney PrestonSidney Preston Osborn Democratic 3 12[lower-alpha 19]
8 Garvey, Dan EdwardDan Edward Garvey Democratic 1 12[lower-alpha 20]
9 Pyle, John HowardJohn Howard Pyle Republican 2
10 McFarland, ErnestErnest McFarland Democratic 2
11 Fannin, PaulPaul Fannin Republican 3
12 Goddard, Jr., Samuel PearsonSamuel Pearson Goddard, Jr. Democratic 1
13 Williams, Jack RichardJack Richard Williams Republican 3[lower-alpha 21]
14 Castro, Raul HectorRaul Hector Castro Democratic 13[lower-alpha 22]
15 Bolin, WesleyWesley Bolin Democratic 13[lower-alpha 19][lower-alpha 23]
16 Babbitt, BruceBruce Babbitt Democratic 2 13[lower-alpha 24]
17 Mecham, EvanEvan Mecham Republican 12[lower-alpha 25]
18 Mofford, RoseRose Mofford Democratic 12[lower-alpha 23]
19 Symington III, FifeFife Symington III Republican 1 12[lower-alpha 26][lower-alpha 27][lower-alpha 28]
20 Hull, Jane DeeJane Dee Hull Republican 1 12[lower-alpha 20][lower-alpha 28]
21 Napolitano, JanetJanet Napolitano Democratic 1 12[lower-alpha 29]
22 Brewer, JanJan Brewer Incumbent Republican 1 12[lower-alpha 20][lower-alpha 30]

Other high offices held

Fourteen of Arizona's governors have held federal offices, including two Cabinet secretaries and three ambassadors. One of them was originally a military governor of California and two of them were originally chosen to be Governor of Idaho Territory, though one of them refused that position. Eight of them have served in the U.S. Congress, three of them representing the Arizona Territory, two of them representing Arizona, and three of them representing other states. Five governors (marked with an *) resigned to serve other offices.

In addition to the governors listed, the first appointed governor of the Arizona Territory who died before taking office, John A. Gurley, was a Representative from Ohio.[61] One Confederate governor, John Baylor, served as a Confederate Congressman from Texas.[62]

Governor Gubernatorial term Other offices held Sources
Goodwin, John NobleJohn Noble Goodwin 1863–1866 Delegate from Arizona Territory*, Representative from Maine [63]
McCormick, Richard C.Richard C. McCormick 1866–1868 Delegate from Arizona Territory*, Representative from New York [64]
Hoyt, John PhiloJohn Philo Hoyt 1877–1878 Governor of Idaho Territory* but later declined the post, finding his predecessor was wrongly removed. [65]
Frémont, John C.John C. Frémont 1878–1881 Senator from California, Military Governor of California [66]
Irwin, John N.John N. Irwin 1890–1892 Governor of Idaho Territory, Minister to Portugal [67][68]
Murphy, OakesOakes Murphy 1892–1893, 1898–1902 Delegate from Arizona Territory [69]
Franklin, Benjamin JosephBenjamin Joseph Franklin 1896–1897 Representative from Missouri [35]
McCord, Myron H.Myron H. McCord 1897–1898 Representative from Wisconsin [70]
Hunt, George W. P.George W. P. Hunt 1912–1917, 1917–1919,
1923–1929, 1931–1933
Minister to Siam [71]
McFarland, ErnestErnest McFarland 1955–1959 Senator from Arizona (including as majority leader) [72]
Fannin, PaulPaul Fannin 1959–1965 Senator from Arizona [73]
Castro, Raul HectorRaul Hector Castro 1975–1977 Ambassador to El Salvador, Ambassador to Bolivia, Ambassador to Argentina* [74]
Babbitt, BruceBruce Babbitt 1978–1987 Secretary of the Interior [75]
Napolitano, JanetJanet Napolitano 2003–2009 Secretary of Homeland Security* [76]

Living former governors

As of March 2011, six former governors are alive. The most recent death of a former governor was that of Evan Mecham (1987–1988), who died on February 21, 2008.

Governor Term of office Date of birth
Raul Hector Castro 1975–1977 (1916-06-12) June 12, 1916 (age 98)
Bruce Babbitt 1978–1987 (1938-06-27) June 27, 1938 (age 76)
Rose Mofford 1988–1991 (1922-06-10) June 10, 1922 (age 92)
Fife Symington III 1991–1997 (1945-08-12) August 12, 1945 (age 68)
Jane Dee Hull 1997–2003 (1935-08-08) August 8, 1935 (age 78)
Janet Napolitano 2003–2009 (1957-11-29) November 29, 1957 (age 56)




External links

  • Office of the Governor of Arizona

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