World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Governor of Oregon

Article Id: WHEBN0000708638
Reproduction Date:

Title: Governor of Oregon  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Oregon gubernatorial election, 2010, Barbara Roberts, Sylvester Pennoyer, Neil Goldschmidt, Tom McCall
Collection: 1859 Establishments in Oregon, Governors of Oregon, State Constitutional Officers of Oregon
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Governor of Oregon

Governor of Oregon
Kate Brown

since February 18, 2015
Style The Honorable
Residence Mahonia Hall
Term length Four years, limited to 2 consecutive terms with no limit on total number of terms
Inaugural holder John Whiteaker
Formation February 14, 1859
Salary $93,600 (2013)[1]

The Governor of Oregon is the head of the executive branch of Oregon's state government and serves as the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The title of governor was also applied to the office of Oregon's chief executive during the provisional and U.S. territorial governments.

The current governor of Oregon is Kate Brown, a Democrat who took office following the resignation of Governor John Kitzhaber amid scandal. The Governor's current salary was set by the 2001 Oregon Legislature at $93,600 annually.[1]


  • Constitutional descriptions 1
    • Eligibility 1.1
    • Elections and terms of office 1.2
    • Line of succession 1.3
    • State military forces 1.4
    • Pardons 1.5
    • Legislative 1.6
    • Appointments 1.7
  • Official residence 2
  • Provisional government (1843–1848) 3
  • Gubernatorial data 4
    • Age records 4.1
    • Birthplace 4.2
    • Transition events 4.3
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Constitutional descriptions

Article V of the Oregon State Constitution sets up the legal framework of the Oregon Executive Branch.[2]


Article V, Section 1 states that the governor must be a U.S. citizen, at least 30 years old, and a resident of Oregon for at least three years before the candidate's election. Section 2 extends ineligibility to the following:

Elections and terms of office

The ceremonial Governor's Office in the Oregon State Capitol (September 2010).

Oregon Constitution Article V, sections 4-7, outline the formal gubernatorial election procedures such as publishing the winner, ties, disputed elections, and terms of office.

Governors are elected by popular ballot and serve terms of four years, limited to two consecutive terms in office, with no limit on the number of total terms.

The formal process of certification of results of a gubernatorial election ends when the Secretary of State delivers the results to the Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives. The Speaker then will publish the results to a joint session of the Oregon Legislative Assembly.

Where an election results in a tie, a joint session of the next legislative session will vote on the two candidates, and declare the winner governor. Legally contested elections are also decided by the full legislature in whichever manner other laws may prescribe.

Line of succession

The gubernatorial line of succession was modified in 1920 and 1946, only to be repealed and replaced by a new section in 1972.[3] The current list is designated as Article V, Section 8a. It defines who may become or act as the Governor of Oregon upon the incapacity, death, resignation, or removal from office of a sitting governor. The acting governor will serve out the remainder of the outgoing governor's term until the next election. Unlike many states, Oregon does not have a Lieutenant Governor (though in 2007, legislation was proposed to establish such an office.)[4] The current chain is:

# Position Current office holder Party
Secretary of State Jeanne Atkins[1] Democratic
1 State Treasurer Ted Wheeler Democratic
2 President of the Senate Peter Courtney Democratic
3 Speaker of the House Tina Kotek Democratic
  1. ^ Appointed, not elected.

State military forces

The governor is the commander-in-chief of Oregon Military Department. Power is granted to the governor to mobilize and deploy state military forces.


The power to grant pardons and reprieves and to commute sentences is granted to the governor, with limitations placed upon cases of treason. Additionally, the governor can remit fines and forfeitures. Any use of these powers, however, must be reported to the legislature.

In treason cases, the governor may only grant reprieves. The final matter of pardons, commuting of sentencing, or further reprieves is referred to the legislature in these cases.


The governor has the power to veto legislation, which can be overridden by a two-thirds majority in both houses of the legislature, and can veto particular items from an appropriations or emergency bill while leaving others intact (see line item veto).

If needed, the governor may convene a special session of the legislature by proclamation and is empowered to call for special elections to fill vacant seats. Between the vacancy and special election, the governor is able to appoint a replacement.

Annually, the governor addresses the legislature in his State of the State address. In this speech the governor outlines the current conditions of the state, and makes recommendations to the assembly as to what the government's priorities ought to be.


If the legislature is out of session, the governor may appoint replacements to fill state offices until elections are held or the legislature reconvenes (see recess appointment).

Official residence

Mahonia Hall in Salem is the official governor's mansion.[5] The house was built in 1924 for hops grower Thomas A. Livesley. It was named Mahonia Hall after citizens raised funds in 1988 to purchase it as Oregon's first official governors' mansion.[6] It is located at 533 Lincoln Street in Salem.

Before the purchase of Mahonia Hall, whatever house the governor rented became the "Governor's mansion".[7] Governors Atiyeh and McCall lived in the 1929 Stiff-Jarman House, an English cottage-style (also characterized as Arts and Crafts style)[8] residence currently located in the North Capitol Mall Historic Redevelopment area.[9][10] After the end of Atiyeh's term, the Stiff-Jarman House became the headquarters of the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality.[8] Today the building houses rented offices.[9]

Provisional government (1843–1848)

  1. ^ a b "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Constitution of Oregon: Article V, Executive Department". Oregon Blue Book. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  3. ^ "Temporary governor eliminated: Measure modifies line of succession". The Bend Bulletin. 
  4. ^ "Proposes amendment to Oregon Constitution to create elective office of Lieutenant Governor.". Oregon State Legislature. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  5. ^ "Architecture". State of Oregon Highway - Geo-Environmental Section. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  6. ^ "Livesley House/Mahonia Hall, Salem, Oregon 1992". Oregon Historic Photograph Collections, Salem Public Library. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
  7. ^ Oregon Historic Photograph Collections
  8. ^ a b Oregon Historic Photograph Collections
  9. ^ a b Oregon Department of Administrative Services, New State Owned Office Space Available
  10. ^ North Mall Office Building, Department of Administrative Services, Sustainable State Facilities Guidelines Policy, Pilot Project Report
  11. ^ "George Abernethy". Oregon State Library. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  12. ^ "Notable Oregonians: Oswald West - Governor". Oregon Blue Book. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  13. ^ a b "James Withycombe". Oregon State Library. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  14. ^ "Albin Walter Norblad". Oregon State Library. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  15. ^ Tim Fought and Jeff Barnard,  


See also

  • Nine governors took office without being elected via the gubernatorial line of succession:
    • Two did not run for election:
    • One transferred his powers to an acting governor (Jay Bowerman) and did not subsequently run for governor:
    • One acting governor unsuccessfully attempted to obtain a second term:
    • Four ran unsuccessfully for a second term:
    • One was elected in his own right:

Transition events


  • Sworn in at the age of 33, Jay Bowerman was the youngest person to act as governor.
  • Sworn in at the age of 34, George L. Woods was the youngest person elected governor.
  • Sworn in at the age of 71, General Charles H. Martin was the oldest governor.

Age records

Note: These facts apply only to persons who have held the governorship under Oregon statehood.

Gubernatorial data


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.