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Graham Chapman

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Title: Graham Chapman  
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Subject: Monty Python, Monty Python's Flying Circus, The Magic Christian (film), List of recurring Monty Python's Flying Circus characters, Doctor in the House (TV series)
Collection: 1941 Births, 1989 Deaths, 20Th-Century English Male Actors, 20Th-Century English Medical Doctors, Alumni of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, Alumni of the Medical College of St Bartholomew's Hospital, Cancer Deaths in England, Deaths from Esophageal Cancer, Deaths from Spinal Cancer, English Comedy Writers, English Male Comedians, English Male Film Actors, English Male Television Actors, English Television Writers, Gay Actors, Gay Writers, Lgbt Comedians, Lgbt Rights Activists from England, Lgbt Writers from England, Male Actors from Leicestershire, Monty Python Members, People from Leicester, People from Melton Mowbray, People from Wigston Magna
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Graham Chapman

Graham Chapman
Born Graham Arthur Chapman
(1941-01-08)8 January 1941
Leicester, England
Died 4 October 1989(1989-10-04) (aged 48)
Maidstone, Kent, England
Other names Gray Chapman
Alma mater Emmanuel College, Cambridge
Occupation Comedian, writer, actor
Years active 1960–1989
Notable work(s) Monty Python
Partner(s) David Sherlock (1966–1989)

Graham Arthur Chapman (8 January 1941 – 4 October 1989) was an English comedian, writer, actor, and one of the six members of the surreal comedy group Monty Python.


  • Early life and education 1
  • Career 2
    • Pre-Python career 2.1
    • Monty Python 2.2
    • Final years 2.3
  • Personal life 3
    • Sexuality 3.1
    • Alcoholism 3.2
  • Illness and death 4
    • Funeral 4.1
  • Legacy 5
  • Filmography 6
  • References 7
  • Bibliography 8
  • External links 9

Early life and education

Chapman's house at 89 Southwood Lane, Highgate.

Chapman was born on 8 January 1941 at the Stoneygate Nursing Home, Stoneygate, Leicester, the son of Walter Chapman and Edith Towers. His father worked as a policeman.[1] Chapman was educated at Melton Mowbray Grammar School and studied medicine at Emmanuel College, Cambridge and later at St Bartholomew's Medical College.[2] He was an avid fan of radio comedy from an early age, becoming especially drawn to that of The Goon Show. In the introduction to Chapman's (2005/06) posthumous anthology Calcium Made Interesting, Jim Yoakum notes that 'the radio shows didn't necessarily make him laugh. Only a select few got chuckles from young Chapman, including Frankie Howerd, the team of Jimmy Jewel and Ben Warriss, It's That Man Again, Educating Archie, Take It From Here and Much-Binding-in-the-Marsh. 'I especially liked Robert Moreton, although no one else seemed to like him very much. He would do things like tell jokes the wrong way around and switch punch lines. He was obviously a very good comedian and was ahead of his time. The appearance of incompetence was wonderful. He was one of my heroes.' But the show that truly astounded Graham, and was a major influence on his comedy was The Goon Show (p.xvii). Chapman states 'from about the age of seven or eight, I used to be an avid listener of a radio programme called The Goon Show. In fact, at that stage I wanted to be a Goon'".[3]

At Cambridge, Chapman joined the Footlights, where he first began writing with John Cleese. Following graduation, he joined the Footlights show "Cambridge Circus" and toured New Zealand, deferring his medical studies for a year.[4] At about this time, he decided to abandon medicine and pursue a career as an actor.[5]


Pre-Python career

Chapman and Cleese wrote professionally for the BBC during the 1960s, initially for David Frost, but also for Marty Feldman. Chapman also contributed sketches to the BBC radio series I'm Sorry, I'll Read That Again and television programmes such as The Illustrated Weekly Hudd (starring Roy Hudd), Cilla Black, This is Petula Clark, and This Is Tom Jones. Chapman, Cleese, and Tim Brooke-Taylor later joined Feldman in the television comedy series At Last the 1948 Show. There, Chapman displayed a gift for deadpan comedy (such as in the sketch "The Minister Who Falls to Pieces") and for imitating various British dialects. Chapman and Cleese also wrote for the long-running television comedy series Doctor in the House. Chapman also co-wrote several episodes with Bernard McKenna and David Sherlock.

Monty Python

In 1969, Chapman and Cleese joined the other Pythons including Dead Parrot sketch, written mostly by Cleese, the frustrated customer was initially trying to return a faulty toaster to a shop. Chapman asked "How can we make this madder?", and then came up with the idea that returning a dead Norwegian Blue parrot to a pet shop might make for a more interesting subject than returning a toaster. In Monty Python Live at Aspen, Cleese said that the original idea came from a man Palin bought a car from, who had endless excuses for everything that went wrong with it. Cleese said that he and Chapman believed that "there was something very funny there, if we could find the right context for it."

Chapman played the lead roles in both of the Pythons' two narrative feature films Holy Grail and Life of Brian. Cleese complimented Chapman by saying that he was "very possibly the best actor of all of us". In the late 1970s, Chapman moved to Los Angeles, where he guest-starred on many television shows including Hollywood Squares, Still Crazy like a Fox, and The Big Show. Upon his return to Britain, Chapman became involved with the Dangerous Sports Club (an extreme sports club which introduced bungee jumping to a wide audience). Chapman and Douglas Adams wrote a pilot for a TV series in 1975, Out of the Trees, but it never went beyond the initial episode. In 1978, Chapman co-wrote (with Bernard McKenna) and starred in The Odd Job alongside David Jason who had previously appeared on Do Not Adjust Your Set with Idle, Jones, and Palin. The film was only moderately successful. Chapman's memoir, A Liar's Autobiography, was published in 1980 and, unusually for a work of this type, had five authors: Chapman, his partner David Sherlock, Alex Martin, David Yallop and Douglas Adams.

Although writing had begun in the late 1970s, Chapman was finally able to secure funding for his much cherished pirate project Yellowbeard in 1982. Once again, Chapman collaborated with writer Bernard McKenna and for the first time with Peter Cook. The film, which starred Chapman as the eponymous pirate, also featured appearances from Peter Cook, Marty Feldman, Cleese, Idle, Spike Milligan, and Cheech & Chong. It marks the last appearance of Feldman, who suffered a fatal heart attack during shooting. It was released in 1983 to mixed reviews. In a 2001 interview, Cleese described Yellowbeard as "one of the six worst films made in the history of the world."[6] Eric Idle also later dismissed the film although he remembered his participation fondly.[7]

Final years

After reuniting with the other Pythons in Atlanta, Georgia. Cleese and Palin assisted the theatre company in adapting the play.

Personal life

Nicknamed "the late Graham Chapman" by his fellow Pythons (due to his constant tardiness) Chapman enjoyed pipe-smoking, mountaineering and rugby football. Chapman was once invited to address the Oxford-Cambridge Union; he arrived dressed as a carrot. When Chapman was called up to speak, he proceeded to smile and say nothing at all (much to the amusement of his audience) resulting in "the only time in history a silent man has incited a riot."


Chapman kept his Belsize Park, where he officially introduced them to his partner, David Sherlock, whom he had met in Ibiza in 1966. Chapman later told a story in his college tour that when he went public, a member of the television audience wrote to the Pythons to complain that she had heard a member of the team was gay, adding that the Bible said any man who lies with a man should be taken out and stoned. With other Pythons already aware of his sexual orientation, Idle replied, "We've found out who it was and we've taken him out and had him killed."[8] In his book Graham Crackers, Chapman said that this took place just before Cleese left the show, and he wondered what the woman thought about his disappearance after getting Idle's response.

Chapman was a vocal spokesman for gay rights, and in 1972 he lent his support to the fledgling newspaper Gay News, which publicly acknowledged his financial and editorial support by listing him as one of its "special friends". In 1971, Chapman and Sherlock adopted John Tomiczek as their son. Chapman met Tomiczek when the teenager was a runaway from Liverpool. After discussions with Tomiczek's father, it was agreed that Chapman would become Tomiczek's legal guardian, and Tomiczek later became Chapman's business manager. Tomiczek died of a heart attack in 1992.[9]


Chapman began drinking heavily during his time at Cambridge, and by the Python years was drinking as much as three pints of gin a day.[4][5] He decided to stop drinking during the filming of Monty Python and the Holy Grail, after suffering a bout of delerium tremens. He remained sober for the rest of his life.[4][5]

Illness and death

In 1988, a routine visit to a dentist revealed a small, but malignant tumour on one of Chapman's tonsils; Chapman suspected it had developed due to his years of pipe-smoking, which he had recently stopped. Both tonsils were removed via a tonsillectomy. The following year, however, the cancer had spread into Chapman's spinal cord, where another tumour was surgically removed. Chapman had several chemotherapy treatments and tumour removal surgeries during the final months of his life, and at one point, he used a wheelchair. A few weeks before Chapman's death, despite initial signs of recovery, his cancer was declared terminal. Chapman had filmed scenes for the 20th anniversary of the first broadcast of Flying Circus, the final time he appeared on television, but he had developed pneumonia three days before his death. Chapman died on 4 October 1989 from complications of metastatic tonsil cancer and secondary spinal cancer.[10][11]

Those present at the time of Chapman's death in Maidstone Hospital included his partner David Sherlock, brother, sister-in-law, and the other Pythons Cleese and Palin, who had to be led out of the room to deal with their grief.[12] Jones and Peter Cook had visited earlier that day. Chapman's death occurred on the eve of the 20th anniversary of the first broadcast of Flying Circus, and Jones called it "the worst case of party-pooping in all history". It was reported that Chapman's last words were: "Sorry for saying fuck", to a nurse who accidentally stuck a needle in his arm moments before he died.[13]


The five surviving Python members had decided to stay away from Chapman's private funeral to prevent it from becoming a media circus and to give his family some privacy. They sent a wreath in the shape of the famous Python foot with the message: "To Graham from the other Pythons. Stop us if we're getting too silly". A private memorial service for Chapman was held at St Bartholomew's Hospital two months after his death, with a chorus of the "Chinese" (Engrish) version of the hymn "Jerusalem" ("… Bling me my speal, oh crowds unford, bling me my chaliot of file…"). Cleese delivered his eulogy to Chapman, which began as follows:

Graham Chapman, co-author of the " [14]

Cleese continued after a break from the laughter in the audience and claimed that Chapman had whispered in his ear the night before while he was writing the speech, saying:

"All right, Cleese, you say you're very proud of being the first person to ever say 'shit' on British television. If this service is really for me, just for starters, I want you to be the first person ever at a British memorial service to say 'fuck'!".[15]

After Cleese, Palin later spoke, saying that he liked to think that Chapman was there with them all that day—"or rather, he will be in about 25 minutes", a reference to Chapman's habitual lateness when he and the other Pythons were working together. Choking back tears, Idle stated that Chapman had thought that Palin talked too much and had died rather than listen to him any more. Idle also led the other surviving Pythons and Chapman's close friends and family in a rendition of "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" from the film The Life of Brian. Not to be outdone by Cleese, Idle was heard saying during the song's close: "I'd just like to be the last person at this meeting to say 'fuck'. Thank you very much. God bless you, Graham".[16] Ten years after Chapman's death, his ashes were first rumoured to have been "blasted into the skies in a rocket".[17] In a second rumour, Chapman's ashes were scattered on Snowdon, North Wales.[18]


Since Chapman's death, the speculation of a Python revival was inevitably diminished. Idle stated: "We would only do a reunion if Chapman came back from the dead. So we're negotiating with his agent." Subsequent gatherings of the Pythons have included an urn said to contain Chapman's ashes. At the 1998 Aspen Comedy Arts festival, the urn was "accidentally" knocked over by Terry Gilliam, spilling the "ashes" on-stage. The apparently cremated remains were then removed with a dust-buster.[19] Asteroid 9617 Grahamchapman, named in Chapman's honour, is one of six asteroids named after the Python members.

In 1997, Sherlock allowed Jim Yoakum to start the Graham Chapman Archives. Later that year, the novel Graham Crackers: Fuzzy Memories, Silly Bits, and Outright Lies was released. It is a semi-sequel to A Liar's Autobiography, with Chapman works compiled by Yoakum. Ojril: The Completely Incomplete Graham Chapman, a collection of previously unpublished material, was released in 1999. It contains scripts Chapman wrote with Douglas Adams and others, such as "Our show for Ringo Starr, a.k.a. Goodnight Vienna". In 2005 Calcium Made Interesting: Sketches, Letters, Essays & Gondolas was published. At one time, the script for "Out of the Trees", written by Chapman and Adams in 1975 (and later extensively rewritten by Chapman with Bernard McKenna), was online. Jim Yoakum had it removed, to the disappointment of co-writer Adams, who had made no objections to it being there.

Recordings of Chapman's college tours during the 1980s have been released over the years. The CD A Liar Live was delayed several times, but was released as A Six Pack of Lies in 1997. Other college tours also came out on CD, such as Spot the Loony in 2001. A DVD of the tours (Looks Like a Brown Trouser Job) was released in 2005. The single episodes for "Out of the Trees", which was wiped but later recovered on an early home video system, and "Jake's Journey" still have not been released. In 2004, there was talk of a movie about Chapman's life, to be called Gin and Tonic, by Hippofilms in co-operation with Jim Yoakum. Auditions were held in March 2004 in California,[20] but the project has been officially abandoned. Its website is no longer active and the Internet Movie Database page has been deleted; the Graham Chapman Archive's website has disappeared as well.

In June 2011, it was announced that most of the surviving Python members (everyone except Idle) will perform in a 3-D animated version of Chapman's memoir A Liar’s Autobiography: Volume VI.[21] The film, titled A Liar's Autobiography: The Untrue Story of Monty Python's Graham Chapman has a running time of 85 minutes. It was shown at the Toronto International Film Festival in September 2012 and premiered in the UK on 16 October 2012 as part of the BFI London Film Festival. The voices of Cleese, Gilliam, Jones, and Palin were spliced into commentary recorded by Chapman reading from his memoir and taped shortly before his death and the story of Graham Chapman's life is told in 17 different animation styles by 14 different animation studios. The film's official trailer claims that Graham Chapman said, "This is the best film I've been in since I died."[22]

In September 2012, a British Comedy Society [23]


Year Film Role Notes
1969 The Magic Christian Oxford Crew Uncredited
Also Writer
1970 Doctor in Trouble Roddy
The Rise and Rise of Michael Rimmer Fromage Also Writer
1971 And Now for Something Completely Different Various Roles Also Writer
The Statue News Reader
1975 Monty Python and the Holy Grail King Arthur, Various Roles Also Writer
1978 The Odd Job Arthur Harris Also Writer/Producer
1979 Monty Python's Life of Brian Brian, Various Roles Also Writer
1982 Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl Various Roles Also Writer
1983 Monty Python's The Meaning of Life Various Roles Also Writer
The Crimson Permanent Assurance Clerk Short Film
Yellowbeard Captain Yellowbeard Also Writer
1987 Still Crazy like a Fox Detective Inspector Palmer TV Film
1988 Jake's Journey Sir George/Queen TV Film
Also Writer
1989 Stage Fright Smart Alec Uncredited
2012 A Liar's Autobiography: The Untrue Story of Monty Python's Graham Chapman Himself (Archive footage) Voice
Also Writer
2014 "Monty Python Live (Mostly)" The Colonel and other characters (Archive footage) Also writer


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Entertainment, Queen Mary, University of London". Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Chapman, Graham (2006). Jim Yoakum, ed. Calcium Made Interesting: Sketches, Letters, Essays & Gondolas. London: Pan Books.  ISBN 978-0-330-43543-7; ISBN 0-330-43543-4. Note: This is the same book as listed in the Bibliography, but a year later by a different publisher.
  4. ^ a b c "Graham Chapman - Writer and Actor"
  5. ^ a b c George, Perry (1995). The Life of Python. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Running Press.  ISBN 1-561385689
  6. ^ 2001 interview included as an extra on the release of the John Cleese film Clockwise.
  7. ^ 
  8. ^ Stern, Keith (2009). Queers in History: The Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Historical Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals, and Transgenders. BenBella Books. p. 99.  
  9. ^ Graham Chapman – Comedy Writer and Actor BBC,, 29 January 2003
  10. ^ Mourning Graham Chapman
  11. ^ "'"Monty Python reunion 'unlikely. BBC News. 9 September 2003. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  12. ^ The Pythons Autobiography
  13. ^ Chapman, Graham, and Jim Yoakum. Graham Crackers. N.p.: Career, 1997. Print.
  14. ^ John Cleese, Eric Idle (1989). Graham Chapman's funeral (.SWF) (Video). London, England, United Kingdom: YouTube. Retrieved 20 January 2007.  (transcript)
  15. ^ The Life of Python (2006) George Perry, Pavilion publishing, p200 ISBN 9781862057623
  16. ^ "Video:Graham Chapman's Funeral". 19 April 2006. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  17. ^ "Python star Chapman's flying ashes". BBC News. 4 January 2000. Retrieved 1 July 2007. 
  18. ^ BBC Comedy Map of Great Britain, 15 September 2006, retrieved 15 September 2006 
  19. ^ "And now for something completely different (and plenty that isn't)". BBC News. 9 March 1998. Retrieved 1 July 2007. 
  20. ^ "Daily Llama – NEWS 2004_02_06 – Worldwide Open Auditions Being Held to Play Young Monty Pythons in Graham Chapman Biography Film:". Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  21. ^ Cieply, Michael (26 June 2011). "This May Be Something Completely Different".  
  22. ^ "The search for the biggest Monty Python fan".  
  23. ^ "Monty Python's Graham Chapman honoured with (unofficial) blue plaque" at


  • McCabe, Bob (2005). The Life of Graham, The authorised biography of Graham Chapman. London: Orion Books.  
  • Chapman, Graham; Yoakum, Jim (October 2005). Jim Yoakum, ed. Calcium Made Interesting : Sketches, Letters, Essays & Gondolas. London: Sidgwick & Jackson.  
  • Chapman, Graham (1997).  
  • Hewison, Robert (1983). Footlights! – A Hundred Years of Cambridge Comedy. London: Methuen London.  
  • Wilmut, Roger (1980). From Fringe to Flying Circus – 'Celebrating a Unique Generation of Comedy 1960–1980'. Eyre Methuen.  
  • Chapman, Graham (1980).  
  • Wholey, Dennis (1984). The Courage to Change – Personal Conversations about Alcoholism (see Chapter 4 -"Quitting"). Warner Books.  

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