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Title: Gramanya  
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Subject: Reservation in India, Creamy layer, State of Madras v. Champakam Dorairajan, Mandal Commission protests of 1990, 2006 Indian anti-reservation protests
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Gramanya (Devanagari:ग्रामण्य,Grāmaṇya) refers to a village-dispute or discussion (esp. upon matters of caste) in India in past few centuries.


Gramanya is a crystallisation of conflicts between two castes of individuals belonging to the same caste, and the same group, about observance of certain religious practices vis-a-vis, other members of the society or of the particular caste group. There are two types of Gramanyas inter-caste,and intra-caste.[1]

Records mention Gramanyas in Pune and Mumbai in late 18th and 19th century,various castes like Chitpavan, Daivadnya, CKP and Marathas were involved in many disputes. Most of the disputes were related to religious ritual purity and social status.[2][3][4]


  1. ^ Kulakarni, Sumitra. The Satara raj, 1818–1848: a study in history, administration, and culture. pp. Pages: 187,188. 
  2. ^ Israel, Milton; Narendra K. Wagle (1987), Religion and society in Maharashtra, p. 147 
  3. ^ Israel, Milton; Narendra K. Wagle (1987), Religion and society in Maharashtra, p. 148 
  4. ^ V. Gupchup, Vijaya (1983), Bombay: social change, 1813–1857, p. 172 


ग्रामण्यांचा इतिहास

Further reading

  • Thākare, Keśava Sitārāma (1919) (in Marāṭhī), Grāmaṇyācā sādyanta itihāsa arthāta nokarśāhīce banḍa, Mumbai
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