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Groff (software)

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Groff (software)

Original author(s) James Clark
Developer(s) GNU Project
Initial release June 1990 (1990-06)
Stable release 1.22.2 (February 7, 2013 (2013-02-07)[1])
Written in C++
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Typesetting
License GNU General Public License
Website //groff/

Groff (pronounced "gee-roff"[2]) is the GNU replacement for the troff and nroff text formatters. It is an original implementation written primarily in C++ by James Clark and is modeled after ditroff, including many extensions. The first version, 0.3.1, was released June 1990. The first stable version, 1.04, was announced in November 1991. Groff was developed as free software to provide an easily obtained replacement for the standard AT&T troff/nroff package, which at the time was proprietary, and was not always available even on branded UNIX systems. In 1999, Werner Lemberg and Ted Harding took over maintenance of Groff.[3]

Groff contains a large number of helper programs, preprocessors, and postprocessors including eqn, tbl, pic and soelim. There are also several macro packages included that duplicate, expand on the capabilities of, or outright replace the standard troff macro packages.

Groff development of new features is active, and is an important part of free, open source, and UNIX derived operating systems such as Linux and 4.4BSD derivatives — notably because troff macros are used to create man pages, the standard form of documentation on Unix and Unix-like systems.

OpenBSD replaced groff with mandoc in their 4.9 release.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Lemberg, Werner (2013-02-07). "groff 1.22.2 has been released". info-gnu. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
  2. ^ Laha, Manas. "An Introduction to the GNU Groff Text Processing System"
  3. ^ FFII-Nachrichten 1999 Woche 20.
  4. ^ [1]

External links

  • Official website
  • Groff Forum, hosted by Nabble, archiving the groff mailing list into a searchable forum.
  • .orgtroff gives background and examples of troff, including the GNU roff implementation.
  • Home page of mom macros
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