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Gros Ventre language

Gros Ventre
Native to United States
Region Montana
Ethnicity Gros Ventre
Extinct 1981[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ats
Glottolog gros1243[2]

Atsina, or Gros Ventre (also known as Ananin, Ahahnelin, Ahe and A’ani)[3]) is the extinct ancestral language of the Gros Ventre people of Montana. The last fluent speaker died in 1981.[1]


  • History 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5


Atsina is the name applied by specialists in Algonquian linguistics. Arapaho and Atsina are dialects of a common language usually designated by scholars as "Arapaho-Atsina". Historically, this language had five dialects, and on occasion specialists add a third dialect name to the label, resulting in the designation, "Arapaho-Atsina-Nawathinehena".[1] Compared with Arapaho proper, Gros Ventre had three additional phonemes /tʲ/, /ts/, and /bʲ/, and lacked the velar fricative /x/.

Theresa Lamebull taught the language at Fort Belknap College, and helped develop a dictionary using the Phraselator when she was 109.[4]

As of 2012, the White Clay Immersion School at Fort Belknap College was teaching the language to 26 students, up from 11 students in 2006.[3][5]


  1. ^ a b c Mithun 336
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^


  • Mithun, Marianne (1999) The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Further reading

  • Malainey, Mary E. 2005. The Gros Ventre/Fall Indians in historical and archaeological interpretation. Canadian Journal of Native Studies, 25(1):155-183.

External links

  • Native Languages of the Americas: Gros Ventre (Ahe, Ahahnelin, Aane, Atsina)
  • Gros Ventre Language Word Sets, Fort Belknap College

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