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Title: Gudauta  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Abkhazia, Abkhazian railway, War in Abkhazia (1992–93), Lykhny, Ilori
Collection: Populated Places in Gudauta District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


გუდაუთა, Гәдоуҭа, Гудаута
View of Gudauta's centre
View of Gudauta's centre
Location of Gudauta within Abkhazia
Location of Gudauta within Abkhazia
Location of Gudauta in Georgia
Country  Georgia
Partially recognized
independent country
District Gudauta
Population (2003)[2]
 • Total 8,514
Time zone MSK (UTC+3)

Gudauta (

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

External links

  1. ^ autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.
  2. ^ (Russian) Infos at
  3. ^ MIchael Holm, 171st Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO, accessed October 2011
  4. ^ V.I. Feskov et al, 'The Soviet Army in the Years of the Cold War,' Tomsk, 2004
  5. ^ CIPDD, The Army and Society in Georgia, October 1999
  6. ^ Infos at
  7. ^ Infos at


See also

Gudauta is twinned with the following city:

Twin towns — Sister cities

International relations

Гәдоу-ҭа: Гәдоу is a mane of the river, ҭа is a locative suffix.


The Gudauta base remains one of the main problems in complicated Russian-Georgian relations.

After the 2008 South Ossetia war Russia recognized Abkhazia and mutual assistance treaties was signed between the two states. This treaty allowed Russia to keep its military base in Gudauta and reinforce it with T-62 tanks, light armored vehicles, S-300 air defense systems and several aircraft.[6]

At a summit of the Istanbul in 1999, Russia agreed to shut down its base at Gudauta and to withdraw troops and equipment, pledging that henceforth it would be for the sole use of the CIS peacekeepers ("rehabilitation centre for peacekeeping troops"). However, Abkhaz authorities block OSCE inspection visits and no date is set for withdrawal from the base. Georgia still alleges that it is used to offer military support to the Abkhaz secessionists.

The base has always been a significant factor in the Abkhaz conflict. The Georgian side and many Western independent observers claim the Gudauta base provided principal military support to Abkhaz rebels during the war in 1992–1993. In September 1995, Georgia had to legitimize Russian leases of three bases in the country and the Gudauta base among them.

Bombora airfield outside Gudauta later became home to a Soviet Airborne Forces unit, the 345th Independent Guards Airborne Regiment, later redesignated the 50th military base after the Soviet collapse, and then the 10th Independent Peacekeeping Airborne Regiment. The unit was subordinated directly to the Russian General Staff (earlier it used to be under the HQ of the Russian Airborne Forces). In 1999, its equipment includes 142 AIFV/APC (among them - 62 BMD-1 and 11 BMD-2); and 11 self- propelled artillery systems 2S9 "Nona-S".[5]

Gudauta used to be home to a Georgian-Abkhaz conflict in 1992–1993.



  • Overview 1
  • Etymology 2
  • International relations 3
    • Twin towns — Sister cities 3.1
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

, the capital of Abkhazia. Sukhumi, 37 km northwest to Black Sea. It is situated on the eponymous district and a centre of the Abkhazia) is a town in Gudauta, Гудаута: Russian; Gwdowtha, Гәдоуҭа: Abkhaz; Gudauta, გუდაუთა

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