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Guru Prasad Mainali

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Guru Prasad Mainali

Guru Prasad Mainali
गुरुप्रसाद मैनाली
Born 1900
Kanpur,Kavrepalanchok, Nepal
Died 1971
Nationality Nepalese
Occupation short story writer

Guru Prasad Mainali (Nepali: गुरुप्रसाद मैनाली) (1900–1971) was a Nepali short story writer. Mainali is one of three well-known writers of Nepali literature, along with Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala and Laxmi Prasad Devkota. He is famous for his short story anthology 'Naso'.

Early life

Mainali was born in a lower middle class Brahmin family in Kanpur of Kavrepalanchok. He was a son of Kashi Nath Mainali and Kashi Rupa Devi Mainali. He joined a government job for his living.[1]

Career

Altogether, Mainali wrote only eleven short stories, but his knowledge of the Nepalese society made him an excellent describer of the life in the country side. His stories alone possessed all the qualities of modern short stories during his time.[1] He started writing stories to publish in a literary magazine, 'Sharada (Devnagari: शारदा)'. His first story was 'Naso' (The Ward). Most of his stories were published in the period between 1935 and 1938.[1] Strongly influenced by Prem Chand, the famous Hindi fiction writer, Mainali intimately dealt with his characters from rural Nepal. Due to his contact with different kinds of people in different parts of the country as a judge transferred from one district court to the other, Mainali had ample opportunity to study the human character in various situations at close quarters. His description of the sad plight of the common people in Nepal due to constraints imposed upon individuals by traditional values and beliefs made in his stories remains unmatched even today. He is arguably the first modern short story writer of Nepal. Some of his unforgettable short stories are 'Naso' (The Ward), 'Paralko Aago' (A Blaze in the Straw), 'Shaheed' (The Martyr) and 'Chhimeki' (Neighbors). Naso is also the title of his anthology. Some of his stories are included in text books of primary school and secondary schools in Nepal.

'Naso' and 'Paralko Aago' are available in English version. The former was translated as 'The Ward' by Theodore Riccardi in 1964[2] and the later was translated as 'A Blaze in the Straw' by Michael Hutt in 1991.[3]

Works

  • 'Paralko Aago' (A Blaze in the Straw), filmed as Paral Ko Aago in 1978.
  • 'Naso' (the Ward)
  • 'Shaheed' (The Martyr)
  • 'Chhimeki' (Neighbors)

References

External links

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