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Guy Gaunt

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Title: Guy Gaunt  
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Subject: Hindu–German Conspiracy, Gaunt, Albert Braithwaite, Ballarat Clarendon College, Ernest Gaunt
Collection: 1870 Births, 1959 Deaths, Australian Knights, Australian Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, British Autobiographers, British Expatriates in Morocco, Conservative Party (Uk) Mps, Hindu–german Conspiracy, Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for English Constituencies, People Educated at Melbourne Grammar School, People from Ballarat, People from Cobham, Surrey, Royal Navy Admirals, Royal Navy Personnel of World War I, Uk Mps 1922–23, Uk Mps 1923–24, Uk Mps 1924–29
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Guy Gaunt

Guy Reginald Archer Gaunt
Born (1870-05-25)25 May 1870
Ballarat, Australia
Died Woking, Surrey, UK
Nationality British
Known for Admiral
Political party Conservative Party
Spouse(s) (1) Margaret Elizabeth Worthington m.1904, daughter of Sir Thomas Wardle, divorced 1927.
(2) Sybil Victoria Joseph, née Grant White m.1935
Children 2 daughters from second marriage
Parent(s) William Henry Gaunt and his wife Elizabeth Mary
Relatives Ernest Gaunt, Mary Elizabeth Bakewell Gaunt
Awards KCMG CB

Sir Guy Reginald Archer Gaunt, KCMG CB, (25 May 1869 – 18 May 1953)[1] was an Australian-born officer of the Royal Navy, counter-intelligence officer and a British Conservative Party politician.

Gaunt was born in Ballarat, Australia, to William Henry Gaunt and his wife Elizabeth Mary Palmer. Gaunt's brother-in-law was Alexander Stenson Palmer (banker and M.P. for Victoria). Gaunt's brother Ernest Gaunt was also an admiral. Their sister, Mary Elizabeth Bakewell Gaunt, was a well-known author in Australia and wrote several travel books. Guy was educated at Melbourne Grammar School from 1881 to 1883.[1]

Contents

  • Naval career 1
  • Political career 2
  • Family 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Naval career

Gaunt's parents wanted him to become a lawyer, but he chose to go to sea. He began training for the merchant navy, but transferred to the Royal Navy in 1885.

Gaunt served as a lieutenant on several vessels in the Pacific Ocean, and was promoted to the rank of Commander in 1901. He became a Captain in 1907, commanding a series of cruisers and the battleships HMS Majestic and HMS Thunderer. He saw action in the Philippines in 1897 and Samoa in 1901.[1]

In 1914 Gaunt was appointed naval attaché to the United States,[1] and was instrumental in infiltrating the Hindu-German Conspiracy during the war. Gaunt headed the intelligence network operated by Courtenay Bennett's intelligence and liaised with the Czech intelligence network operated by E.V. Voska. On learning of the plot from the Czech European network at the outbreak of the war, Voska passed on the information to Gaunt and to Tomáš Masaryk who further passed on the information the American authorities.[2][3][3][4][5] Voska's American network was a counter-espionage network of nearly 80 members who, as Habsburg subjects, were presumed to be German supporters but were involved in spying on German and Austrian diplomats.

When the U.S. entered the World War I in 1917, Gaunt was appointed as liaison officer. In 1918 he served on convoys across the Atlantic[6] and in June was appointed to the naval intelligence staff at the Admiralty.

Gaunt was promoted on the retired list to rear admiral in October 1918,[1] vice admiral in July 1924 and KCMG in 1918.

Political career

Gaunt was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for the Buckrose constituency in the East Riding of Yorkshire at the 1922 general election, replacing the Liberal Algernon Moreing.

Gaunt resigned from the House of Commons in 1926, when he was cited as co-respondent in the divorce case between Sir Richard Cruise and his wife.

Family

Gaunt married a widow, Mrs Margaret Elizabeth Worthington (daughter of Sir Thomas Wardle) at Hong Kong in 1904.[1] She divorced him in 1927 following the scandal with Lady Cruise, and he retired to Tangier. He later remarried on 1 December 1932 a 35-year-old widow, Sybil Victoria Joseph, née Grant White and had two daughters. He returned to live in Cobham, Surrey and died at Woking Hospital on 18 May 1953 and was cremated.[1]

Gaunt's autobiography, The yield of the years, was published in 1940. His brother Ernest Gaunt was also an Admiral of the Royal Navy; his sister, Mary Gaunt, was a novelist.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g O'Neill, Sally. "Gaunt, Sir Guy Reginald Archer (1869 - 1953)".  
  2. ^ Popplewell 1995, p. 237
  3. ^ a b Masaryk 1970, p. 50,221,242
  4. ^ Voska & Irwin 1940, p. 98,108,120,122,123
  5. ^ Bose 1971, p. 233,233
  6. ^ "Dine Commodore Gaunt.; His India House Friends Bid Farewell to Departing Naval Attache.".  
  • Bose, A.C (1971), Indian Revolutionaries Abroad, 1905-1927, Patna:Bharati Bhawan., .  
  • Masaryk, T (1970), Making of a State, Howard Fertig, .  
  • Popplewell, Richard J (1995), Intelligence and Imperial Defence: British Intelligence and the Defence of the Indian Empire 1904-1924., Routledge, .  
  • Voska, E.V; Irwin, W (1940), Spy and Counterspy, New York. Doubleday, Doran & Co .

External links

  • The Dreadnought Project: Guy Gaunt
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Guy Gaunt
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Algernon Moreing
Member of Parliament for Buckrose
19221926
Succeeded by
Albert Braithwaite
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