World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Hsl 1

Article Id: WHEBN0004261784
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hsl 1  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Eurostar, High Speed 1, TGV, High-speed rail in Belgium, HSL 4
Collection: Eurostar, High-Speed Railway Lines in Belgium, Railway Lines Opened in 1997, Standard Gauge Railways in Belgium, Tgv
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Hsl 1

Thalys on HSL 1
Type High-speed rail
System SNCB
Status Operational
Locale Belgium
Termini LGV Nord at Fretin Junction
Stations 1
Opening 1997
Owner SNCB
Operator(s) Eurostar
Rolling stock Class 373/1
Thalys fleet
TGV fleet
Line length 88 km (55 mi)
No. of tracks Double track throughout + loops
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Loading gauge UIC GC
Electrification 25 kV 50 Hz OHLE
Operating speed 300 km/h (186 mph)
Route map
Line from Brussels-South
0.0 Halle
to Tournai
Line to Mons
Line Tournai - Mons
Border Belgium/France
198.0 Line to Lille and London
Line to Paris

The HSL 1 (French: Ligne à Grande Vitesse (LGV) 1, Dutch: Hogesnelheidslijn 1, English: High-Speed Line 1) is a high-speed rail line which connects Brussels, Belgium, with the LGV Nord at the Belgium-France border. It is 88 km (55 mi) long with 71 km of dedicated high-speed tracks and 17 km of modernised lines. Service began on 14 December 1997.

The line has appreciably shortened journey times, the journey from Paris to Brussels now taking 1:22. In combination with the LGV Nord, it has also impacted international journeys to other cities in France and to London, ensuring high-speed through-running by Eurostar, TGV, Thalys PBA and Thalys PBKA trainsets.

The total construction cost was €1.42 billion. The signalling system installed is the TVM-430 in-cab signalling system, the same as LGV Nord in France, and High Speed 1 in the UK.


  • Route 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • External links 4


Trains leave Brussels-Midi station via a new viaduct completed in 2006 to separate high-speed services from local services.[1] From there they parallel the traditional lines. At Forest/Vorst the train passes the depot where inspections of Thalys and Eurostar trains may be carried out. At Halle (km 13) the HST enters its own cut-and-cover section before crossing the Brussels-Charleroi Canal; at km 17 the high-speed line proper begins at the Lembeek Viaduct, supporting 300 km/h speeds.

Between Rebecq and Enghien the line parallels the A8 autoroute, separated by a security fence. At Enghien the line parallels the regular Brussels-Tournai line for approximately 10 km.

The maintenance depot "Le Coucou" is located near Ath. This station served as the operations base during the construction of the line (from 1993 to 1998) and currently serves as the maintenance depot for HSL 1. Slightly further on is the 2005 m long Arbre Viaduct (one of the longest rail viaducts in Europe) between Ath and Chièvres; it passes over the Ath-Blaton canal, the Dender River, the Mons road and the Ath-Jurbise railway.

At Antoing there is a connector to the Mons-Tournai line, used by the Thalys between Paris and Namur. After passing over the 483m Scheldt River Viaduct, and through the 365m Bruyelle cut-and-cover section, the line crosses the Belgian-French border at Wannehain, km 88. 11 km further on, the Frétin triangle splits the LGV Nord towards Paris or Lille.

See also


  1. ^ Eurostar - New £ 7.5 million railway viaduct at brussels midi station further enhances eurostar reliability on the London-Brussels route

External links

  • Belgian high-speed rail site (in French)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.