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Halebidu

Halebeedu
city
Profile of Hoysaleshwara Temple, Halebidu
Profile of Hoysaleshwara Temple, Halebidu
Halebeedu is located in Karnataka
Halebeedu
Halebeedu
Coordinates:
Country India
State Karnataka
District Hassan district
Elevation 880 m (2,890 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 8,962
Ethnicity
 • Ethnic groups }
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 08172

Halebidu (Kannada: ಹಳೆಬೀಡು, literally "old city") is located in Hassan District, Karnataka, India. Halebidu (which was previously called Dorasamudra or Dwarasamudra) was the regal capital of the Hoysala Empire in the 12th century. It is home to some of the best examples of Hoysala architecture. Most notable are the ornate Hoysaleswara and Kedareswara temples. The city which was originally called Dorasamudra got the name "Halebidu" because it was ransacked two times during the invasion of Malik Kafur.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Temple complex 2
  • Gallery 3
  • Transportation 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Halebidu was the 12th-13th century capital of the Hoysala empire. The Hoysaleswara temple was built during this time by Ketamala and attributed to King Vishnuvardhana,[1] the Hoysala ruler. It enshrines Hoysaleswara and Shantaleswara, named after King Vishnuvardhana Hoysala and his Queen Shantala Devi.[2]

Then it was sacked by the armies of Malik Kafur in the early 14th century, after which it fell into a state of disrepair and neglect.[2]

Temple complex

The decorated outer wall of the main temple

The temple complex comprises two Hindu temples, the Hoysaleswara and Kedareswara temples and two Jain basadi. In front of these temples there is a large lake. The two Nandi images on the sides of the Hoysaleswara temple are monoliths; soapstone (chloritic schist) was used for the construction of these temples. There is an archeological museum in the temple complex.

The Hoysaleswara temple, dating back to the 1121 C.E., is astounding for its wealth of sculptural details. The walls of the temple are covered with an endless variety of depictions from Hindu mythology, animals, birds and shilabalikas or dancing figures. Yet no two sculptures of the temple are the same. This magnificent temple guarded by a Nandi bull was never completed, despite 86 years of labour. The Jain basadi nearby are equally rich in sculptural detail.

This temple is now being proposed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Lakshminarayana image at Halebidu

Gallery

Transportation

Hoysaleshvara Temple, Halebidu
Profile of Kedareshwara Temple, Halebidu

Halebidu is just 16 km away from the one more historical place Belur. It is well connected by road and rail to Bangalore, Mysore and Mangalore. There are regular buses to Hassan. The distance is 149 km to Mysore and 31 km to Hassan.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Temples at Belur and Halebidu". helabidu originally means Hela empire where Ravan the hela empire ruined over Bharath with his mighty power.Helabidu really means owns to king of Hela. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  2. ^ a b "Halebidu - Temples of Karnataka". TempleNet.com. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  • Karnataka State Gazetteer 1983.

External links

  • Halebeedu, Temple Art of the Hoysala Dynasty
  • Photographs from Belur and Halebid
  • Photographs from Belur and Halebid
  • Kamat's potpurri on Hoysala Architecture and Halebidu
  • Photographs of Sculptures in Halebeedu
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