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Halle-Neustadt

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Halle-Neustadt


Halle-Neustadt (popularly known as HaNeu, pronounced Ha-Noi) was a city in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) . It was established as a new town on 12 May 1967 as an independent and autonomous city. The population in 1972 was 51,600 and in 1981 was more than 93,000. On 6 May 1990 Halle-Neustadt merged back into Halle again. The population has halved since then and was about 45.157 inhabitants on 31 December 2010.[1] Halle Neustadt has been praised for being “sustainable,”[2] as a result of its urban planning, which includes high density living, a tram line serving the central corridor and the regional suburban rail system (S-Bahn).

The development itself extends east to west for approximately 2.5 miles and is approximately one-kilometre wide. Much of the housing is located within the international mass transit standard of 400 metres (1/4 mile) from a station on the core axis. Virtually all housing is high rise, with some towers reaching 11 floors. Medium rise buildings tend to have six floors, without elevators.

Since the fall of Communism in the GDR and subsequent deconstruction of East German industry, the town has, like many other East German towns, suffered from population loss. There are a number of empty buildings, including high rise buildings, and even some that have been gutted. The city of Halle itself has lost a quarter of its population in barely 15 years --- and it appears that most of the exodus has come from Halle Neustadt. Residents have taken the opportunity to move to the city itself or to the suburban communities that ring Halle.

Some residential buildings are being redeveloped by the private sector. There is what appears to be a privately developed shopping centre in the core, with a multistorey parking garage and plenty of business. Parking lots are now provided adjacent to the remaining occupied apartment buildings. In the beginning, garages were provided on the eastern fringe of the development for those few privileged enough to have cars.

History

The actual history of the city began in 1958 with a conference of the Central Committee of the SED on "Chemistry Program of the GDR", on which the settlement of labor in the vicinity of chemical sites Buna - Schkopau and Leuna was decided. Following extensive site investigations and planning in the district of Halle decided Politburo of the SED on 17 September 1963 the construction of the "Chemical Workers' City, by the inhabitants generally short Neustadt or" Ha-New ", it being the city was built at a greater distance from the chemical plants.

Chief architect of Halle-Neustadt was Richard Paulick , his deputies and heads of design groups were Joachim Bach, Horst Siegel, Karl-Heinz Schlesier, and Harald Zaglmaier.

Already the century (around 1900) there was a need because of the rapidly growing population for new areas to look for housing. It was the north-south extent of the town hall - wedged between the Saale in the west and railroad tracks and industrial areas in the east - one of the main problems. For this reason, considerations were to areas (in the range of the local situation Beware village) west of the old and the Saale. Because of the extremely difficult geological and hydrological conditions, especially (elementary and high water) the development of this area to another residential location for the town hall was discarded. In the 1920s the idea was taken up again but again shelved.

The new city was on the edge of the river Saale between the small towns Zscherben, passing village and Nietleben placed where Customize village was mostly demolished. Remnants of the rural character of that settlement have been preserved only along the ridge road. With the establishment of the South Park residential area, this road eventually to a kind of rural oasis in otherwise dominated by skyscrapers cityscape.


On 1 February 1964 was opened at the plate plant, which produced the precast concrete (Plattenbau) for the new city. On 15 July 1964 laid Horst Sindermann, 1 Secretary of the SED district leadership in Halle, the foundation stone for the construction of socialist living west of the city of Halle (Saale) on the grounds of the school "First POS ". In contrast to the following schools, which were beanannt for personalities and officials, the school retained the name "Initial POS". The style of the school and the second POS "Ernst Thalmann" stood out from the rest of the 28 schools from clear. The other schools were equipped with "safe nuclear" bunker, was central in their basements in each case a ventilation system and foldable in the window panes concrete elements. One example is the connecting wing of the former 16th POS "Otto Grotewohl" and 15 POS "Hermann Matern" 51 ° 29 '9 "N, 11 ° 55' 18" E A year later, on 9 August 1965 the first tenants moved to Halle-Neustadt.

Even before completion of the first residential complex in 1968, on 12 May 1967 new settlement from the district of Halle-Neustadt-west to the town hall and the area declared officially withdrew from the city of Halle (Saale) removed. From 1970 to 1990 Liane Lang was mayor of the city.[3]

The new city was named "City of the Chemistry Workers". Soviet soldiers from the nearby barracks were south Heath commanded numerous work assignments to build. A variety of apartment blocks in the northern city area were reserved for their families - and for withdrawal of troops stood empty at the beginning of the 1990s.


As major central infrastructure facilities were completed late or never - for example, never a hotel or a department store in the city - remained in Halle-Neustadt, hardly more than a bedroom community for the shift schedule of chemical plants living chemical workers and their families. The development of the city remained, despite the central 'cross race track, "unsatisfactory, because the central tram line was not built along the highway in East Germany, officially due to lack of street railway power capacity. Buses and the train bore the brunt of public transport. About the city center was located in the tunnel station and the train station Zscherben road there is a direct commuter link to the Merseburg chemical combines Buna and Leuna Schkopau suitable for their shifts. An existing tram line from the center of Halle (Saale) from Heide affected only the VIII residential complex on the eastern edge, then opened up only a fraction of the city.

1983 was the cinema prism as the last new cinema of the GDR opened (2000 in favor of a shopping center with a multiplex cinema demolished), which remained one of the few cultural institutions. For more sophisticated shopping and culture remained the old city of Halle (Saale) is indispensable. Recreational opportunities of the adjacent mixed forest heath Dölauer with Heidesee and the "channel" (remnants of the unfinished Elster-Saale-channel ).


Unlike later settlements large plate of the GDR, Halle-Neustadt was generously planned, with art provided in the construction and especially in the residential complex I. (1964–1968) lush greenery. Its architectural highlight is a 380 meters long, 11-storey residential block, the "Block 10", the largest ever built in the GDR house. To ensure that this did not constitute a locking bolt, which should have been circulated awkward, he had been provided at three points with passages for pedestrians. In this block, lived up to 2500 people, more than his time in Wörlitz (then often used comparison). A portion of this block was used by a nursing home.

In the other eight residential complexes was later built much tighter, so there was that much less space for green areas. This was largely due to the housing program of the GDR. The need for housing but it had mainly Halle and Halle-Neustadt and 1990 can not cover.

With the creation of an urban center did you look hard, because after the original construction concepts of each of the five building complexes own center (with a department store, clinic should have, restaurant complex, et al.), came schools, kindergartens and sports facilities. At the central square was a 100 meter high prominent "House of Chemistry" will be built, which was never implemented for cost reasons. Sun over the years a large gaping trench between the main post office and the theater prism in which the collected groundwater and rainwater.

A special feature was the absence of street names, instead all residential blocks and inputs have been looking for one with little for outsiders, but still numbered existing principle (after 1990, abolished in favor of street names). The starting point was the cross "Main / S-Bahn". Each apartment complex has one or two digits for the hundreds place (except for the houses along the highway, all of which had a leading "0" if the input was the main road). The tens digit depended on what number was seen seen the street from the central cross. The digit was then the corresponding building - for example, I had the residential complex 6 as the first.

State and party leader Erich Honecker had little interest in the pet project of his predecessor, Walter Ulbricht and his chemistry campaign. He focused instead on the capital Berlin and the republic-wide housing program. Not until 1989 was the town hall built, but due to the incorporation of Halle (Saale) never served its original purpose. The center of the city was the passage Neustaedter on two levels with several department stores, specialty stores, Central Clinic, Main Post Office and the House of services along the "slices". In this area should include the town hall of Halle-Neustadt result, the construction was controversial at the time decision makers, was interrupted several times and only finished in 1990. The "slices" are five 18-storey tower blocks with center aisle structure, both as student dormitories of the Martin-Luther-University, as well as worker dormitories of chemistry combines Buna and Leuna were used. They were built in 1970-1975 and are now empty except for a slice. With the demolition of the City Council has difficulties to this day, as slices form the backbone of one of New Town architecture. In one of the discs, the JV Hall, the administration of numerous long-term unemployed, their headquarters, the New Town Passage is extensively renewed since 2005. On the outskirts of Halle-Neustadt's also the powerful complex of the district administration of the hall was MfS (including current use tax office) is located.

After 1990

Following a vote at the municipal election on 6 May 1990, Halle-Neustadt with the city hall combined. Since then, comprises the former city of the district west of the town hall, with the districts of Northern Town, South Town, Western New Town and New Town industrial area .

The population has declined significantly since 1990 (48.941 inhabitants, as at 31 December 2006). Who can afford it pulls away, (including the Old City) and must leave work due to the region. The generation of the original lessee, now mostly in retired status, still lives quite like living in this neighborhood that has long since evolved into a social problem.[4] [5] The rising vacancy rate meant that now the first residential block in the program, Urban Renewal East to be demolished. At the same time, the housing stock is renovated but also, so in the meantime not very popular prefab homes have a better quality of living. These were also the extension of the tram network on the highway between the present town of West District and other districts of the city of Halle (Saale) and the construction of several supermarkets and shopping centers, which opened in 2000, the Town Center is the most important.

2006 in Halle-Neustadt an exhibition of the Federal Cultural Foundation, entitled " Shrinking Cities "rather than so-called shrinking cities.

After a pedestrian bridge had been extensively renovated, it was a few years later the construction of the tram route to the victim. Some pedestrian tunnel were replaced by surface crossings with traffic lights that are intended inter alia to the calming of vehicular traffic.

As part of the IBA Urban Redevelopment 2010 are old and new town hall, the theme of balancing twin cities. Projects in the area of New Town are the construction of a skate park in the southeast of the community center and the redevelopment of the central square in the residential wells at the tulips and the Grünen Galerie (Green Gallery).[6]

Coat of Arms


The emblem was adopted on 15 July 1984 by the city council of Halle-Neustadt on a festive occasion of the 20th session Anniversary of the groundbreaking decision. This city arms had until 6 May 1990, the date of incorporation of the town hall for its validity.

Blazon : "In red three silver gushing forth from the bud of a golden-green doves flying up, lying about a golden key, closing the sheet in the form of a hexagonal benzene ring and made his beard is covered with a red six-pointed star. "

Center of the emblem is a stylized image group of pigeons as a symbol of peace. The pigeons are to Picasso's peace doves ajar. The city could and can only flourish in peace. The pigeons group rises from a bud breaks out, symbolizing joy, optimism and future. The group already has its own doves symbolic tradition of the well-known pigeon. The gold held in the key emblem embodies the ten thousand times the keys in the new city, which released the way for a better quality of life and future-oriented concept. To elucidate the function of Halle-Neustadt in chemical workers' city, the closing of the key blade was in the form of a benzene ring into graphic information. The emblem symbolizes the close relationship between Halle and Halle-Neustadt by the inclusion of a six-pointed star and using the arms of the city hall. The red sign is related to the labor movement represented.

See also

References

External links

  • Halle-Neustadt Info
  • LEIPZIG-HALLE: NEARLY RECOVERED FROM SOCIALISM
  • Halle-Neustadt – the “Sustainable City” A Cautionary Tale
  • Halle-Neustadt Travel Guide - VirtualTourist
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