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Haplogroup GHIJK

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Title: Haplogroup GHIJK  
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Subject: Haplogroup G-M201, Haplogroup J-M172, Human Y-DNA haplogroups, Haplogroup O, Haplogroup DE
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Haplogroup GHIJK

Haplogroup GHIJK
Possible time of origin

approx. 45,000-50,000 BCE

(i.e. similar to estimates for F and G)
Possible place of origin South West Asia
Ancestor F (F-M89)
Descendants G, HIJK
Defining mutations F1329/M3658/PF2622/YSC0001299, CTS2254/M3680/PF2657, FGC2045/Z12203[1]

Haplogroup GHIJK, defined by the SNPs F1329, M3658, PF2622, and YSC0001299,[1] is a common Y-chromosome haplogroup. This macrohaplogroup and its subclades contain the vast majority of the world's existing male population.

GHIJK – the major subclade of Haplogroup F – branches subsequently into two direct descendants: G (M201/PF2957) and HIJK (F929/M578/PF3494/S6397). HIJK in turn splits into H (L901/M2939) and IJK (F-L15). The descendants of Haplogroup IJK include haplogroups I, J, K, and, ultimately, several major haplogroups descended from Haplogroup K, namely: haplogroups M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, L, and T.


  • Distribution 1
  • Footnotes 2
  • See also 3
    • Genetics 3.1
    • Backbone Tree 3.2


Populations with high proportions of descendant haplogroups were predominant, before the modern era, in males across widely-dispersed areas and populations. These include:


  1. ^ a b Y-DNA Haplogroup F and its Subclades - 2015ISOGG, 2015, (8 September 2015).

See also


Backbone Tree

Evolutionary tree of human Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups [n 1] [n 2]
"Y-chromosomal Adam"
A00 A0-T [n 3]
A0 A1[n 4]
A1a A1b
A1b1 BT
I J LT [n 5]  K2
L T NO [n 6] K2b [n 7]   K2c K2d K2e [n 8]
N O K2b1 [n 9]    P
  1. ^ Van Oven M, Van Geystelen A, Kayser M, Decorte R, Larmuseau HD (2014). "Seeing the wood for the trees: a minimal reference phylogeny for the human Y chromosome". Human Mutation 35 (2): 187–91.  
  2. ^ Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2015International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG; 2015), . (Access date: 1 February 2015.)
  3. ^ Haplogroup A0-T is also known as A0'1'2'3'4.
  4. ^ Haplogroup A1 is also known as A1'2'3'4.
  5. ^ Haplogroup LT (L298/P326) is also known as Haplogroup K1.
  6. ^ Haplogroup NO (M214) is also known as Haplogroup K2a (although the present K2e was also previously known as "K2a").
  7. ^ Haplogroup K2b (M1221/P331/PF5911) was previously known as Haplogroup MPS.
  8. ^ Haplogroup K2e (K-M147) was previously known as K2a and "Haplogroup X".
  9. ^ Haplogroup K2b1 (P397/P399) has a complex internal structure, which is broader than the former Haplogroup MS.
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