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Haplogroup W (mtDNA)

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Title: Haplogroup W (mtDNA)  
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Haplogroup W (mtDNA)

Haplogroup W
Possible time of origin 23,900 ybp[1]
Possible place of origin Western Asia
Ancestor N2
Descendants W1, 194
Defining mutations 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292[2]

In human genetics, Haplogroup W is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Contents

  • Origin 1
  • Distribution 2
  • Subclades 3
    • Tree 3.1
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Origin

Ancestor of the haplogroup W is Haplogroup N2.

Distribution

Haplogroup W appears in Europe, West and South Asia.[3] It is everywhere found as minority clade, with the highest concentration being in Northern Pakistan.[4] A related unnamed N* clade is found among Aboriginal Australians.[5] Found in the Svan population of the Caucasus (Georgia) W* 8,3%.

Subclades

Tree

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup W subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation[2] and subsequent published research.

  • W
    • W1
      • W1a
      • W1b
      • 119
        • W1c
      • W1d
      • W1e
      • W1f
      • W1g
    • 194
      • W3
        • W3a
          • W3a1
            • W3a1a
      • W4
        • W4a
      • W5
        • W5a
          • W5a1
      • W6

See also

Evolutionary tree of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups

  Mitochondrial Eve (L)    
L0 L1–6
L1 L2 L3   L4 L5 L6
  M N  
CZ D E G Q   A S   R   I W X Y
C Z B F R0   pre-JT P  U
HV JT K
H V J T

References

  1. ^ Soares, Pedro; Luca Ermini, Noel Thomson, Maru Mormina, Teresa Rito, Arne Röhl, Antonio Salas, Stephen Oppenheimer, Vincent Macaulay and Martin B. Richards (4 Jun 2009). "Supplemental Data Correcting for Purifying Selection: An Improved Human Mitochondrial Molecular Clock". The American Society of Human Genetics 84 (6): 82–93.  
  2. ^ a b van Oven, Mannis; Manfred Kayser (13 Oct 2008). "Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation". Human Mutation 30 (2): E386–E394.  
  3. ^ Petraglia, Michael D.; Bridget Allchin The Evolution and History of Human Populations in South Asia Springer (26 Mar 2007) ISBN 978-1-4020-5561-4 [1]
  4. ^ . BMC Genetics, 2004Most of the extant mtDNA boundaries in South and Southwest Asia were likely shaped during the initial settlement of Eurasia by anatomically modern humansMeit Metspalu et al.,
  5. ^ Ian Logan's mtDNA site

External links

  • General
    • Ian Logan's Mitochondrial DNA Site
    • Mannis van Oven's Phylotree
    • The India Genealogical DNA Project
  • Haplogroup W


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