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Hazar Qadam raid

On January 24, 2002, the American military launched an overnight raid against a "large munitions cache"[1] north of Kandahar, as part of its invasion of Afghanistan, claiming that it was a weapons stockpile of the Taliban or al-Qaeda. However it was later discovered that the target was actually a compound that the United States had asked to collect weapons for the government of Hamid Karzai, and that the dead and captured were actually all backers of the American invasion.[2][3][4]

Contents

  • Battle 1
  • Aftermath 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Battle

The 101st Airborne was reportedly "spoiling for a fight", when they were given the opportunity to launch an overnight helicopter-borne assault against a school, which they characterized as "two adajacent compounds" in Hazar Qadam, 60 miles north of Kandahar.[2][6][7]

The United States found 400 60mm mortar rounds, 300 [1]

The resulting firefight at the weapons depot killed 21 Afghans, and 27 others were captured and taken to Camp Rhino as prisoners.[2] One American was wounded in the ankle, making him the first American military casualty since Nathan Chapman was the first soldier killed.[6]

Aftermath

Governor Gul Agha Sherzai demanded information on why his officials, on the American side of the invasion, were being held as detainees.[8]

Early reports said that it was an al-Qaeda compound, while General Hamid Karzai government.[8] Eventually, the United States conceded that the attack was an instance of friendly fire, and released the prisoners on February 6.[10] The prisoners reported that they had been beaten and abused in US custody.[10]

On February 5, Karzai noted that the attack was "a mistake of sorts",[11] and a similar statement was made by Donald Rumsfeld on February 21 - although he avoided using the word "mistake", and said simply that intelligence had been faulty.[11]

In April 2005, Sarah Sewall of Harvard University filed a Freedom of Information request, seeking the unclassified executive summary of the inquiry into the Hazar Qadam incident.[12]

When it was revealed that a number of the dead had their hands tied behind their backs, the United States defended its actions, stating that it was common for troops to bind the hands of wounded enemies in a fight - and that some must have mistakenly bound the hands of already-dead Afghan villagers as well.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c http://www.usembassy-israel.org.il/publish/peace/archives/2002/january/012606.html
  2. ^ a b c d Stephen Tanner, "Afghanistan: A Military History"
  3. ^ Jim Heintz, San Bernardino Sun, U.S. special forces intensify hunt, seize weapons , January 25, 2002
  4. ^ BBC News, 24 January 2002, US troops battle Al Qa'ida militants
  5. ^ http://www.defense.gov/releases/release.aspx?releaseid=3245
  6. ^ a b c Michigan Daily, US Troops seize 27 Taliban fighters, January 25, 2002
  7. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1805124.stm
  8. ^ a b c Michigan Daily, Afghans say US captured loyal officials, January 30, 2002
  9. ^ Afghanistan News Centre, UN chief heads for Afghanistan after fierce fighting kills 12, January 25, 2002
  10. ^ a b http://timelines.ws/21stcent/2002_1.HTML
  11. ^ a b Straight Talk on Hazar Qadam
  12. ^ http://www.dod.gov/pubs/foi/administration_and_Management/FOIA_Logs/FOIALog_FY05.pdf
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