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Helix lucorum

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Title: Helix lucorum  
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Subject: Portuguese oyster, Patella rustica, Rock oyster, Tresus, Patella ulyssiponensis
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Helix lucorum

Helix lucorum
live specimen of Helix lucorum
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra

Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Helicidae
Subfamily: Helicinae
Tribe: Helicini
Genus: Helix
Subgenus: Helix
Species: H. lucorum
Binomial name
Helix lucorum
Linnaeus, 1758
  • Helix anaphora Westerlund, 1889
  • Helix annosa Mascarini, 1892
  • Helix atrocincta Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix candida Mascarini, 1892
  • Helix elongata Bourguignat, 1860
  • Helix nigrozonata Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix presbensis Kobelt, 1905
  • Helix rypara Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix straminea Briganti, 1825
  • Helix straminiformis Bourguignat, 1876
  • Helix virago Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix yleobia Bourguignat, 1883

Helix lucorum is a species of large, edible, air-breathing land snail or escargot, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Helicidae, the typical snails.


The shell of Helix lucorum

This species of snail makes and uses love darts.

Adult snails weight about 20-25 g.[3]



  • Eastern Europe - East region of Black sea - Georgia|[4]

, Ukraine[5]

Asia: Israel[6]


The size of the egg is 4.4 mm.[7] 2–3 months old juvenile snails weight 0.5-0.9 g.[3]


  1. ^ IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. . Downloaded on 16 April 2009.
  2. ^ a b cited 5 May 2007
  3. ^ a b Danilova A.B. & Grinkevich L. N. (2012). "Failure of Long-Term Memory Formation in Juvenile Snails Is Determined by Acetylation Status of Histone H3 and Can Be Improved by NaB Treatment". PLoS ONE 7(7): e41828. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041828.
  4. ^ Mumladze. L. 2013. Shell size differences in Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) between natural and urban environments. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 37: 1-6.
  5. ^ Balashov I. & Gural-Sverlova N. 2012. An annotated checklist of the terrestrial molluscs of Ukraine. Journal of Conchology. 41 (1): 91-109.
  6. ^ Commonwealth of Australia. 2002 (April) Citrus Imports from the Arab Republic of Egypt. A Review Under Existing Import Conditions for Citrus from Israel. Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia. Caption: Gastropods, page 12 and Appendix 2.
  7. ^ Heller J.: Life History Strategies. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited page: 428.

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