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Title: Hemopericardium  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Myocardial rupture, Myocardial infarction, Right atrial enlargement, Atrial enlargement, Coronary artery aneurysm
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Classification and external resources
ICD-10 I23.0, I31.2, S26.0
ICD-9 423.0, 860.2

Hemopericardium refers to blood in the pericardial sac of the heart. It is clinically similar to a pericardial effusion, and, depending on the volume and rapidity with which it develops, may cause cardiac tamponade.[1]

The condition can be caused by full-thickness necrosis (death) of the myocardium (heart muscle) after myocardial infarction, as well as trauma,[2] Tuberculosis, and in patients receiving anticoagulants.[3][4] Other causes include ruptured aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva and other aneurysms of the aortic arch.[5]


  1. ^ "Forensic Pathology". 
  2. ^ Krejci CS, Blackmore CC, Nathens A (July 2000). "Hemopericardium: an emergent finding in a case of blunt cardiac injury". AJR Am J Roentgenol 175 (1): 250.  
  3. ^ Katis PG (May 2005). "Atraumatic hemopericardium in a patient receiving warfarin therapy for a pulmonary embolus". CJEM 7 (3): 168–70.  
  4. ^ Hong YC, Chen YG, Hsiao CT, Kuan JT, Chiu TF, Chen JC (September 2007). "Cardiac tamponade secondary to haemopericardium in a patient on warfarin". Emerg Med J 24 (9): 679–80.  
  5. ^ Gray's Anatomy, 1902 ed.

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