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History of rail transport in Austria

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Title: History of rail transport in Austria  
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Subject: Rail transport in Austria, History of rail transport by country, History of rail transport in Europe, Economic history of Austria, History of rail transport in the Czech Republic
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History of rail transport in Austria

This article is part of the history of rail transport by country series
The Rakete (Rocket) of the Kaiser-Ferdinands-Nordbahn.

The history of rail transport in Austria began with the Reisszug, a private funicular serving the Fortress of Salzburg. Built at the end of the 15th century and first documented in 1515, it is the oldest known funicular in the world, and possibly the oldest existing railway line.[1][2]

In 1837, following the construction of several horse tramways, the Nordbahn line (Vienna-Břeclav) was opened. The Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways, a company serving the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary, was created in 1884[3] and in 1923, some years after the dissolution of the empire, the national company "BBÖ" (now known as the "ÖBB") was founded.


  • See also 1
  • References 2
    • Notes 2.1
    • Bibliography 2.2
  • External links 3

See also



  1. ^ The "Reisszug" on Funimag
  2. ^ The "Reisszug" on
  3. ^ History of Austrian Railway until 1918 (on the ÖBB website)


  • Kaiser, Wolfgang; Knipping, Andreas (2011). Österreich - die Eisenbahngeschichte: das große Album [Austria - The Railway History: The Big Album] (in Deutsch). München: GeraMond Verlag.  
  • Trautsamwieser, Herbert (1998). Vom Dampfwagen zum EuroCity: 160 Jahre Eisenbahn in Österreich, 160 Jahre Menschen im Zug [From Steam Engines to EuroCity: 160 Years of Railways in Austria, 160 Years of People by Train] (in Deutsch). Krems: Malek.  

External links

  • Enzyklopädie zur Eisenbahngeschichte des Alpen-Donau-Adria-Raumes (German)
  • Info-Büro für österreichische Eisenbahngeschichte (German)
  • Maps of historical and contemporary rail networks in Austria (German)
  • Österreichische Gesellschaft für Eisenbahngeschichte (German)
  • Winchester, Clarence, ed. (1936), "Austria's rail transport", Railway Wonders of the World, pp. 971–977 , illustrated account of Austrian railways in the 1930s.

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