World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

History of the Jews in Hamburg

Article Id: WHEBN0036845008
Reproduction Date:

Title: History of the Jews in Hamburg  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Hamburg, Postage stamps and postal history of Hamburg, North Sea flood of 1962, History of the Jews in Germany
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

History of the Jews in Hamburg

Part of a series on the
'Hamburg' by Robert Bowyer, 1814
by timeline
by other topic
  • Other Hamburg topics

The history of the Jews in Hamburg in Germany, is recorded from at least 1590 on. The Jews of Hamburg have lived primarily in the Jewish neighbourhoods of Grindel and Neustadt, where the Sephardic Community „Newe Salom“ [1] was established in 1652. Since 1612 there have been toleration agreements with the senate. Also Reformed Dutch merchants and Anglican Britons made similar agreements before. In these agreements the Jews were not permitted to live in the Inner-City, though were also not required to live in ghettos.

From 1600 onwards, also German Jews settled in Hamburg, but in 1649 these Ashkenazi Jews were driven out of the city. From then on, only Sephardi Jews were permitted to live in Hamburg.

Around 1925, about 20,000 Jews lived in Hamburg. When the Nazis came to power, most synagogues were destroyed and soon the associated communities also were dissolved. In 1945, a Jewish community was founded by survivors of the Shoah. And finally in 1960 the new Synagogue "Hohe Weide" was built.


  • Origins 1
  • Sephardic Jews 2
  • Ashkenazim 3
  • Jewish community in Altona 4
  • Haskalah / Jewish emancipation 5
  • Holocaust 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


The Jewish Community in Hamburg, began with the establishment of Sephardic Jewish from Spain and Antwerp. They came around 1577, as they were expelled from Spain. Before the destruction of the Jewish community by the Nazis, Eimsbüttel was the center of Jewish life in Hamburg. There were several synagogues, the most famous were the "Neue Dammtor-Synagoge" (1895), the "Bornplatzsynagoge" (1906) and the Temple in Oberstrasse (1931).

Sephardic Jews


Jewish community in Altona

Haskalah / Jewish emancipation

Approximately 6,500 Jews lived in Hamburg in 1800. Thus, they represented a share of six percent of the city's total population. This was the largest Jewish community in Germany. Because Altona and Wandsbek were dissolved in 1812 by a French decree 1821 the "German-Israelite Community" was founded in Hamburg. The decisive assistance in the fight for equal rights came because in the elections 1848 the Jews had voting rights. To get those votes, two opposing groups promised them equal rights. Then, in February 1849, they received all citizens rights which was the start for integration.


The Neuengamme concentration camp was established in 1938 by the SS near the village of Neuengamme in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg.

Many Hamburg Jews are commemorated by Stolperstein.


  1. ^ location of sephardic Community „Newe Salom“

External links

  • Institute for the History of the German Jews (Institut für die Geschichte der deutschen Juden, IGdJ) (German) (English)
    • Das jüdische Hamburg; Ein historisches Nachschlagewerk by the Institute for the History of the German Jews (German)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.