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Holborn Circus

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Holborn Circus

Holborn Circus
Holborn Circus pictured in 2012
Location
London, United Kingdom
Coordinates:
Roads at
junction:
High Holborn, Holborn Viaduct, New Fetter Lane, Charterhouse Street and Shoe Lane
Construction
Type: Intersection
Opened: 1867

Holborn Circus is a junction of six highways in the City of London, on the boundary between Holborn and Smithfield. It was designed by the engineer William Haywood and opened in 1867.[1] The term circus denotes a junction where several roads converge.

Holborn Circus was described in Charles Dickens' Dictionary of London (1879) as "perhaps... the finest piece of street architecture in the City".

Roads

Roads meeting at Holborn Circus (1888 sketch plan)

High Holborn (part of the A40 road) links Holborn Circus to the West End. To the east, Holborn Viaduct leads into the City of London financial district. Charterhouse Street and London's jewellery trade district of Hatton Garden exit Holborn Circus to the north. The district of Clerkenwell is to the north-east. New Fetter Lane (the start of the A4 road) and Shoe Lane exit to the south.

Layout changes

Holborn Circus is notorious for being an accident blackspot, topping a list of the worst accident locations in 2012.[2] In May 2012 funding was secured for a £4.4 million improvement project to the junction to reduce its high accident rate. Works will include the relocation of the statue from the centre of the junction where it obstructs drivers' sight lines to a nearby position on High Holborn.[3]

Surrounding buildings

On one side lies the church of St Andrew, Holborn, an ancient guild church that survived the Great Fire of London. However, the parochial authority decided, nevertheless, to commission Christopher Wren to rebuild it. Although the nave was destroyed in the Blitz, the reconstruction was faithful to Wren's original. Many other buildings surrounding Holborn Circus were severely damaged during the Blitz. After the end of the Second World War, many were demolished.

The junction is also the headquarters of the supermarket Sainsbury's.[4]

Prince Albert statue

Statue of Prince Albert being removed for renovation July 2013

In the middle of Holborn Circus there is an equestrian statue of Prince Albert by Charles Bacon (1874)[5] which is the City of London's official monument to him.

The statue features the prince consort in a field marshal's uniform raising his hat. The sculpture sits on an oblong plinth displaying plaques of Britannia, Albert and bronze figures representing commerce and peace.

It was presented by Charles Oppenheim, of the diamond trading company De Beers, whose headquarters is on nearby Charterhouse Street.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Holborn Circus, London".  
  2. ^ "Holborn Circus tops crash list".  
  3. ^ "Holborn Circus Area Enhancement Scheme". City of London Council. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Lucy Tobin Benjamin Russell (17 April 2013). "Exclusive: Sainsbury’s staff sent to Coventry as Holborn HQ is put up to let". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Josh Loeb (14 July 2011). "Prince Albert statue blamed for road accidents at Holborn Circus". Islington Tribune. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  • Google Maps

External links

  • Holborn Circus highway work 2013/14
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