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Hollywood Records

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Title: Hollywood Records  
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Subject: The Suicide Machines, Can't Be Tamed, Hilary Duff, Miley Cyrus, Jordan Pruitt
Collection: 1989 Establishments in California, Alternative Rock Record Labels, American Country Music Record Labels, American Record Labels, Burbank, California, Companies Based in Burbank, California, Companies Based in Los Angeles County, California, Disney Music Group, Heavy Metal Record Labels, Hip Hop Record Labels, Hollywood Records, Labels Distributed by Universal Music Group, Labels Distributed by Warner Music Group, Pop Record Labels, Punk Record Labels, Record Labels Based in California, Record Labels Established in 1989, Rock Record Labels, Soundtrack Record Labels
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Hollywood Records

Hollywood Records
Parent company Disney Music Group
(The Walt Disney Company)
Founded 1989
Founder Michael Eisner
Distributor(s) Universal Music Group (Worldwide, excluding below)[1][2]
Warner Music Group (Russia/CIS)[3]
Avex Music Creative (Japan)
Genre Various; general focus on pop
Country of origin United States
Location 500 S. Buena Vista Street,
Burbank, California
Official website .com.hollywoodrecordswww

Hollywood Records, Inc. is an American record label under the ownership of Disney Music Group which focuses in pop, rock, alternative, hip hop, and country genres. Founded in 1989, its current roster includes artists such as Demi Lovato, Queen, Zendaya, Bea Miller, Martina Stoessel, Sabrina Carpenter, R5, Olivia Holt, Grace Potter and the Nocturnals, Joywave and Breaking Benjamin . The label also releases Marvel Studios' soundtrack albums in conjunction with Marvel Music.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Hollywood Basic 2
  • Distribution 3
  • Artists 4
  • Albums 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

Hollywood Records was founded in 1989 by Michael Dammann Eisner, then CEO of The Walt Disney Company as a way of expanding the company's music operations by looking to develop and promote the careers of a wide variety of artists in various genres.[4] At the time, the company was limited to the release of soundtracks from Walt Disney, Touchstone, and Hollywood Pictures films.

Lawyer Peter Paterno was the first president of the label, until his resignation in 1993 because of the division's lackluster sales. After failing to sign new artists such as Nirvana, Smashing Pumpkins, Naughty By Nature, Cypress Hill and Dr. Dre, the label experienced its first major success in February 1990, when it acquired the North American distribution rights to Queen's entire catalog for $10 million.[5][6] The deal's outlook as an important economic opportunity was immediately affected by the premature death of the band's lead vocalist Freddie Mercury,[7] although the group's catalog sales managed to successfully generate nearly $94 million in revenue for Disney from 1991 to 1995.[8]

Bob Pfeifer was named President of the label in March 1995 after a whole year without a President, but problems continued to the label and Pfeifer was fired in 1997, after the label revealed that he had lost over 150 million dollars since 1989.[9] In 1997, Disney acquired

  • Official website
  • Video Interview with Bob Cavallo, President of Hollywood Records
  • Hollywood Records extends deal for Senior Management

External links

  1. ^ Graser, Marc (27 March 2013). "Ken Bunt Promoted to President of Disney Music Group". Variety. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Universal Music Group (UMG) & Disney Music Group (DMG) Expand Agreement Globally". PR Newswire. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Kozlov, Vladimir (25 November 2013). "Disney, Warner Music Strike Russia Distribution Deal". The Hollywood Reporter.  (formerly US/Canada)
  4. ^ "Disney To Launch New Record Division". Chicago Tribune. November 29, 1989. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Queen Signs With Disney, Raising Hope For Cd Releases". Chicago Tribune (Los Angeles Daily News). September 13, 1990. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ Wilker, Deborah (May 7, 1992). "Queen Must Decide On Replacing Freddie Mercury". Sun-Sentinel (Chicago Tribune). Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Memo Cites Disney Records' Woes". The New York Times. 27 November 1991. 
  8. ^ Philips, Chuck (April 30, 1995). "Disney Co Trouble in Tunetown : Hollywood Records Remains Hitless". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Head of struggling Disney music unit quits: Walt Disney...". Chicago Tribune. April 17, 1997. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ Gabriel, Trip (28 July 1997). "The Corporate Wooing and Winning of Mammoth Records". The New York Times. 
  11. ^ Chmielewski, Dawn (July 9, 2007). "A Cinderella story for Disney Music Group". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Regrouping, Disney Music Names Chairman". The New York Times. 12 January 1998. 
  13. ^ Sisario, Ben (8 February 2006). "A Musical For Tweens Captures Its Audience". The New York Times. 
  14. ^ Collett-White, Mike (November 8, 2010). "Queen Signs To Universal, Preps Remastered Albums". Billboard Magazine. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  15. ^ Finke, Nikki. "Ken Bunt Will Run Disney Music Group In 2012 When Bob Cavallo Retires".  
  16. ^ "Universal Music Group (UMG) & Disney Music Group (DMG) expand agreement globally". 20 March 2013. 
  17. ^ "Hollywood Records, inc.". Arkansas Secretary of State. Retrieved April 13, 2015. 
  18. ^ "See Lucy Hale Live in LA!". Hollywood Records. Retrieved April 13, 2015. ...you agree to the terms of this promotion and to receive future email updates from DMG Nashville and Lucy Hale (...) hold harmless and defend Lucy Hale, Hollywood Records, Inc., Clear Channel Broadcasting, Inc., and all of their parents, subsidiaries, affiliates and agents... 
  19. ^ Nicholson, Jessica (November 14, 2013). "Bigger Picture Group Teams With DMG For Music Licensing". Music Row. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  20. ^ Hudak, Joseph (May 8, 2014). "Nashville Record Label Closes Up Shop". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Disney`s Rap Label Shows Conviction". Chicago Tribune (Los Angeles Daily News). March 28, 1991. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  22. ^ Peter Shapiro, Rough Guide to Hip-Hop, 2nd ed. London: Rough Guides/Penguin Books, 2000 (p. 102).
  23. ^ Peter Shapiro, Rough Guide to Hip-Hop, 2nd ed. London: Rough Guides/Penguin Books, 2000 (p. 291).
  24. ^ Peter Shapiro, Rough Guide to Hip-Hop, 2nd ed. London: Rough Guides/Penguin Books, 2000 (pp. 349–351).
  25. ^ "UNIVERSAL MUSIC, DISNEY MUSIC FORGE LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND: Forthcoming Releases Include Jonas Brothers and Hannah Montana".  
  26. ^ http://www.billboard.com/biz/articles/news/1084095/universal-emi-merger-approved-by-canadian-regulators
  27. ^ "Universal Music Group (UMG) & Disney Music Group (DMG) expand agreement globally". 20 March 2013. 

References

See also

Albums

Artists

Upon its 1989 launch, Hollywood was distributed by Elektra Records in the United States and Canada. Distribution in North America switched to PolyGram (now Universal Music Group) in 1995 (partnered with A&M in Canada until the formation of Universal in 1999). Today, Universal Music Group markets and distributes Hollywood Records catalog worldwide except for Russia and Japan; Warner Music Group is the label's Russian distributor, while Avex markets and distributes Hollywood Records catalog in Japan. Also, several Hollywood artists including Demi Lovato, Selena Gomez & the Scene, Nick Jonas & the Administration, Joe Jonas, Miley Cyrus and Jonas Brothers re directly signed to Universal Music UK's Fascination Records.[25] There were reports in 2011 that Disney Music Group would start an independent US distribution arm for its label's releases, but as of February 2012, those plans have yet to be enacted. Universal Music Group acquired EMI in 2012 but pledged not to renew its European license with Disney; both sides eventually changed their minds.[26] In March 2013, Disney Music Group and Universal Music Group announced the expansion of their relationship with a new commercial and creative agreement that enable Hollywood Records' artists to collaborate with the roster of producers and songwriters that are part of Universal.[27] This deal led to Hollywood becoming integrated as a division of UMG Recordings Inc. with DMG retaining corporate ownership. The exclusive deal also saw UMG granted unlimited access to all rights pertaining to Disney's 85 year back catalog of soundtracks and albums.

Distribution

Hollywood Basic was Hollywood’s short-lived hip-hop subsidiary, run by Dave Funkenklein, which existed from 1990 to 1995.[21] It did not survive the distribution transition its parent made to Raw Fusion, Hi-C, and Zimbabwe Legit.

Hollywood Basic

Since 2013, Hollywood Records also uses the brand name DMG Nashville[17][18] to specialize in country music. The genre label was originally founded to provide music licensing for Bigger Picture Music Group.[19] After Bigger Picture's closure in 2014, DMG Nashville released its first studio album; Lucy Hale's Road Between.[20]

In March 2013, Disney Music Group and Universal Music Group announced the expansion of their relationship with a new commercial and creative agreement that enable Hollywood Records' artists to collaborate with the roster of producers and songwriters that are part of Universal.[16] This deal lead to Hollywood becoming integrated as a division of UMG Recordings Inc. with DMG retaining corporate ownership. The exclusive deal also saw UMG granted unlimited access to all rights pertaining to Disney's 85 year back catalog of soundtracks and albums. X Factor Alum Bea Miller was the first artist to be signed under a new joint deal with Syco Music and Hollywood in 2013.

In 2010, Hollywood absorbed the remaining operations of country music label Lyric Street Records, which became an imprint for the catalog of the defunct-label, currently managed by Hollywood. In 2011, Queen left EMI for Universal-owned Island Records, with Hollywood continuing to remain the group's North American music distributor.[14] In January 2012, after 14 years of a successful tenure, Bob Cavallo retired as chairman of the Group and Ken Bunt was appointed as president of the group. Several changes has been done under his tenure, including the retirement of long-time executives from the Cavallo's era like Abbey Konowitch, Justin Fontaine and Jon Lind and the appointment of new A&R's like Mio Vukovic and Mike Daly.[15]

After some years of development, Hollywood Records had its first major success in 2003, when Metamorphosis, Hilary Duff's first album was released and became a success to the label, selling over three million copies in the United States. The launch of Duff's career represents a new business model for the record, utilizing the synergies around the company, including important outlets like Disney Channel or Radio Disney. Duff's albums released under Hollywood proved to be equally successful including 2004's Hilary Duff and 2005's Most Wanted.[13] A similar business model was utilized in subsequent Hollywood's artists like Demi Lovato, Miley Cyrus, Vanessa Hudgens and Selena Gomez with several productions that gained Platinum or Gold certifications. Their musical careers proved that the label had become a success. At the same time, the label continued to develop the careers of artists with a less mainstream profile like Grace Potter & the Nocturnals, Breaking Benjamin or Plain White T's, but who had been successful in its own terms. The label also continued to release soundtracks from films and TV shows, mainly those derived from Marvel Studios productions.

[12]

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