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Horatio Clarence Hocken

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Title: Horatio Clarence Hocken  
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Horatio Clarence Hocken

The Hon.
Horatio Clarence Hocken
Senator for Toronto, Ontario
In office
December 30, 1933 – February 18, 1937
Appointed by R. B. Bennett
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Toronto West Centre
In office
Preceded by The riding was created in 1924.
Succeeded by Samuel Factor
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Toronto West
In office
Preceded by Edmund Boyd Osler
Succeeded by The riding was abolished in 1924.
36th Mayor of Toronto
In office
Preceded by George Reginald Geary
Succeeded by Thomas Langton Church
Personal details
Born (1857-10-12)October 12, 1857
Toronto, Canada West
Died February 18, 1937(1937-02-18) (aged 79)
Political party Unionist Party
Conservative Party

Horatio Clarence Hocken (October 12, 1857 – February 18, 1937) was a Canadian politician, Mayor of Toronto, social reformer and a founder of what became the Toronto Star. He was also a member of the Orange Order in Canada.

Born in Toronto in what was pre-Confederation Canada West, Hocken had a media career as a printer, publisher and journalist. After working as a typesetter at the Toronto Globe at which he led a strike, Hocken, in 1892, Hocken was a foremen in the print room of the Toronto News when the Typographical Union went on strike. He and 20 other strikers founded the Evening Star as a strike paper with Hocken as the new paper's business manager.[1] He subsequently left the Star and returned to the News where he became city editor. In 1905 he purchased the The Orange Sentinel, a weekly newspaper serving supporters of the Orange Order.

Local politics

From 1912 to 1914, Hocken was Mayor of Toronto after serving on the Toronto Board of Control from 1907 until 1910 when he made his first unsuccessful bid for the mayor's office and again from 1911 until 1912. He is credited with approving the Bloor Viaduct.[2] As mayor, Hocken supported opening city parks to public use rather than being restricted to the use of athletic societies arguing that parks are for "walking in, not for athletic sports". He built public baths, installed a sewage treatment plant and a filtration plant, and the extension of the sewer system. Hocken's term also saw the distribution of free milk to children living in slums and the establishment of a public health nursing program. His reforms saw the death rate from communicable disease drop from 114 per 100,000 to 27 per 100,000. Hocken also supported the creation of a public housing company that built houses and rented them for cost. The city, under his stewardship, also purchased an abattoir and cold storage facility to help keep small butchers from being driven out of business by "the great meat trust."[3]

Federal politics

Hocken's career in federal politics began when he was elected to the Canadian House of Commons for the Unionist Party at the Toronto West riding in the 1917 federal election. He was re-elected in Toronto West in the 1921 federal election, this time under the Conservative Party. When the riding boundaries were changed in 1924, he was re-elected in the Toronto West Centre riding in the 1925 and 1926 federal elections. He served in the 13th to the 16th Canadian Parliaments consecutively until he left federal politics in 1930.

Hocken was appointed a member of the Senate of Canada from 30 December 1933 and remained in that office until death.


  1. ^ Michael Hanlon, "Out of the darkness The Evening Star is born --- A group of jilted printers had enough and created 'a paper for the people'", Toronto Star, November 1, 2002
  2. ^ Gerald Hannon, "Leap of faith", Now Magazine, February 26, 1998
  3. ^

External links

  • Parliament of Canada: Horatio Clarence Hocken, accessed 5 February 2006
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