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Hormel Foods Corporation
Traded as NYSE: HRL
S&P 500 Component
Industry Food processing
Founded 1891
Founder George A. Hormel
Headquarters Austin, Minnesota, United States
Number of locations
40 Manufacturing & Distribution Facilities
Key people
Jeffrey Ettinger (Chairman, President & CEO)
Products Deli meat, ethnic foods, pantry foods, Spam
Revenue IncreaseUS$ 8.230 billion (2012)
IncreaseUS$ 764.6 million (2012)
IncreaseUS$ 500.0 million (2012)
Total assets
  • Increase US$ 4.91588 billion (2013) [1]
  • Increase US$ 4.563966 billion (2012) [2]
Total equity IncreaseUS$ 2.819 billion (2012)
Number of employees
19,700 (2013)
Divisions Grocery Products
Refrigerated Foods
Jennie-O Turkey Store
Specialty Foods
International & Other
Website .com.hormelfoodswww
Footnotes / references

Hormel Foods Corporation is an American food company based in George A. Hormel in 1891. It changed its name to Hormel Foods in 1993.

Hormel sells food under many brands, including the Chi-Chi's, Dinty Moore, Farmer John, Herdez, Jennie-O, Lloyd's, Muscle Milk, Skippy, Spam, La Victoria[5] and Stagg brands, as well as under its own name.[6] The company is listed on the Fortune 500.


  • History 1
    • 19th century 1.1
    • 1900s 1.2
    • 1910s 1.3
    • 1920s 1.4
    • 1930s 1.5
    • 1940s 1.6
    • 1950s 1.7
    • 1960s 1.8
    • 1970s 1.9
    • 1980s 1.10
    • 1985 strike 1.11
    • 1990s 1.12
    • 2000s 1.13
    • 2010s 1.14
  • Corporate responsibility 2
  • See also 3
  • Further reading 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


19th century

The building in which George A. Hormel started his business. Preserved at the Mower County Fairgrounds in Austin.

  • Hormel Foods Corporation
  • Hormel brand

External links

  • Minnesota Public Radio 2003 interview with two former Hormel strikers.
  • Hormel Historic Home Home of George A. and Lillian Hormel in Austin, Minnesota
  • Slaughterhouse Fight: A Look at the Hormel Strike
  • [4] This is Hormel 1965 plant tour.

General references:

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  25. ^ Ellis, Frank Alexander, 1888 - 1976. Oral History Interview, November 1974., Minnesota State University, Mankato, accessed May 22, 2012.
  26. ^ Gagala, Ken (1985) A Wobbly-Bred Campaign in Minnesota, Labor Research Review: Vol. 1: No. 7, Article 4, accessed May 22, 2012.
  27. ^ Mark Heistad, "The Strike is On", Minnesota Public Radio, 1985 (rebroadcast from Aug 7, 1997), accessed May 22, 2012.
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  57. ^ No Retreat, No Surrender: Labor's War at Hormel, Hage and Klauda, William Morrow & Co. 1989
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  62. ^ [2] Archived January 14, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
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  72. ^ SPAM Turns Serious and Hormel Turns Out More,
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  74. ^ MegaMex Foods website
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  77. ^ [3] Archived August 1, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
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  86. ^ Hormel Foods to buy organic meat company Applegate for $775 million, Reuters, 26 May 2015
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  89. ^ "The Hormel Institute", Hormel Foods, undated, retrieved 2010-03-16.
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Specific citations:


Further reading

See also

In 2015, Hormel Foods announced that it met its solid waste reduction goal six years early. The company's Corporate Responsibility report is available online at and includes information related to the company’s sustainability performance in 2014.[95]

In 2013, Hormel Foods received two AMI environmental achievement awards for the company’s expansion project at the Corporate Office and a water conservation project at Burke Marketing Corp.[94]

In 2012, Hormel Foods announced its second set of environmental goals. The company surpassed the water reduction, packaging and solid waste minimization goals of its first set of five-year goals, which ended in 2011.[92] That same year, Jeffrey M. Ettinger, chairman of the board, president and chief executive officer, was named Responsible CEO of the Year by CR Magazine.[93]

In 2011, Hormel Foods introduced SPAMMY®, a fortified, shelf-stable turkey spread to help address childhood malnutrition throughout the world. The company made an initial three-year commitment to deliver 1 million cans to in-need families in Guatemala.[90] In 2014, Hormel Foods announced promising results of the nutrition research portion of Project SPAMMY®.[91]

In 2008, Hormel Foods donated funds to The Hormel Institute, which dedicated an expansion to their cancer research facility.[89] The project renovated a building adding research facilities, including space to house the Blue Gene/L supercomputer. The Institute, located in Austin, MN, was the result of a partnership in 1942 between the Hormel Foundation, the University of Minnesota and Mayo Clinic.

Hormel Foods released its first Citizenship Overview, formally reporting the company’s corporate responsibility initiatives in 2007.[87] The company has been included on the Corporate Responsibility (CR) Magazine 100 Best Corporate Citizens List for the last seven consecutive years.[88]

Corporate responsibility

In May 2015, Hormel revealed it would acquire meat processing firm Applegate Farms for around $775 million, expanding its range of natural and organic meat products.[86]

Hormel bought the CytoSport company in June 2014 for about US$450 million, including the Muscle Milk protein supplement brand.[84] In October of that year, Hormel Foods announced a partnership with the Cancer Nutrition Consortium, to provide cancer patients with nutritional offerings for their specific, individual needs during cancer treatment.[85]

The company also began to produce a brand of wrapped tortilla-like snacks dubbed REV. These wraps are essentially miniature burritos, available in several flavors such as pepperoni pizza, ham & cheese, peppered turkey, meat lovers pizza, Italian-style ham, along with several others.[83]

On January 3, 2013, Hormel Foods announced it had purchased Skippy—the best-selling brand of peanut butter in China and the second-best-selling brand in the world—from Unilever for $700 million; the sale included Skippy's USA and China factories.[82]

In 2012, the SPAM® brand celebrated its 75th anniversary with the introduction of Sir Can A-Lot™, its first ever campaign spokescharacter.[79] Hormel Foods also announced that it met its ambitious “Go for $2B by 2012” goal by achieving $2 billion in total sales from new products created since 2000 by the end of fiscal year 2012.[80] The company's next challenge "The $3B by 2016 Challenge," to achieve $3 billion in total sales of products created since 2000 by the end of 2016 is currently underway.[81]

In 2010 Hormel Foods opened Progressive Processing, Inc, in Dubuque, Iowa. The facility was awarded the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Gold status, one of the first manufacturing facilities to be LEED certified.[75] MegaMex Foods, a joint venture of Hormel Foods and Herdez del Fuerte, acquired Don Miguel Foods, a leading provider of branded frozen and fresh authentic Mexican flavored appetizers, snacks and handheld items.[76] In 2011, Hormel Foods announced a 2 for 1 stock split.[77] Hormel Foods also acquired Fresherized Foods, makers of Wholly Guacamole, as part of their MegaMex joint venture.[78]

Skippy peanut butter, a brand acquired in 2013.


In November 2008, an article in the New York Times, "SPAM Turns Serious and Hormel Turns Out More," detailed an overwhelming spike in the demand for SPAM, perhaps due to the flagging economy.[72] In July 2009, Hormel and Herdez del Fuerte created the joint venture MegaMex Foods to market and distribute Mexican food in the United States.[73] Brands included in the venture include Herdez, La Victoria, Chi Chi's, El Torito, Embasa, Wholly Guacamole, Del Fuerte, Dona Maria, Bufalo, and Don Miguel.[74]

In 2008, animal rights organization PETA sent members to work undercover at a pig factory farm in Iowa to investigate allegations of animal rights abuses, then released a video record[69] showing workers treating the pigs cruelly and without regard for animal rights. The factory farm was owned by Natural Pork Production II LLP of Iowa until August 18, 2008, at which point ownership had transferred to MowMar LLP. Prior to this the farm was not a supplier to Hormel Foods. Hormel spokeswoman Julie Henderson Craven, who responded to the PETA video, called the videotaped abuses "completely unacceptable."[70] In their 2007 Corporate Responsibility Report, Hormel Foods stated that all suppliers are expected to comply with several welfare programs to ensure that the hogs purchased are treated humanely. Because of the investigation, several employees of the farm were fired and six individuals faced charges due to the abuse.[71]

In 2008, the company achieved the $1 billion sales goal of the Billion Dollar Challenge a year early and introduced a new challenge introduced to generate $2 billion in sales from new products by 2012.[68]

The SPAM Museum in Austin, Minnesota, was opened in 2001. That same year, Hormel Foods acquired The Turkey Store, the business was combined with Jennie-O Foods to form Jennie-O Turkey Store.[60] In 2004,Jennie-O Turkey Store launched its Jennie-O Turkey Store Oven Ready turkey. In 2004, Jeffrey M. Ettinger succeeded Johnson as company president and introduced the Billion Dollar Challenge, setting a goal for the company to generate $1 billion in sales from new products by the end of fiscal year 2009.[61] The same year Hormel Foods introduced the first nationally distributed all-natural line of meat products with Hormel Natural Choice deli meats, which utilizes high pressure processing technology.[62] Recent acquisitions by Hormel Foods include: Diamond Crystal Brands (2002),[63] Century Foods International (2003)[64] Clougherty Packing (Farmer John) (2004),[65] Lloyd’s Barbeque Company (2005),[66] Mark-Lynn Foods (2005), Arriba Foods (2005), Provena Foods (2006) and Burke Foods (2007).[67]

The SPAM Museum in Austin, Minnesota


Hormel Foods celebrated 100 years of operation in 1991. In 1993, the name of the company was officially changed from Geo. A. Hormel & Company to Hormel Foods Corporation. That same year Knowlton retired and Joel W. Johnson became president and CEO. Production facilities were opened in Osceola, Iowa in 1996.


The strike has also had a Harvard Business School Case written based on it (with assumed names), called "Adam Baxter Co./Local 190" which features multiple rounds of negotiations between unions and management.[59]

The strike was chronicled in the film American Dream, which won the Academy Award for best documentary in 1990. A song about the strike, entitled "P-9" was written by Dave Pirner of the Minneapolis band Soul Asylum. The song can be found on their 1989 album, Clam Dip & Other Delights.

The strike ended in June 1986, after lasting 10 months. Over 700 of the workers did not return to their jobs, refusing to cross the picket line. In solidarity with those workers, the boycott of Hormel products continued for some time. Ultimately, however, the company did succeed in hiring new workers at significantly lower wages.

After six months, a significant number of strikebreakers crossed the picket line, provoking riots in Austin. On January 21, 1986, the Governor of Minnesota, Rudy Perpich, called in the National Guard to protect the strikebreakers. This brought protests against the governor, and the National Guard withdrew from Austin. The action had a greater effect on the UFCW international, which ousted the local P-9.

In August 1985, Hormel workers went on strike at the Hormel headquarters in Austin, Minnesota. In the early 1980s, recession impacted several meatpacking companies, decreasing demand and increasing competition which led smaller and less-efficient companies to go out of business. In an effort to keep plants from closing, many instituted wage cuts. Wilson Food Company declared bankruptcy in 1983, allowing them to cut wages from $10.69 to $6.50 and significantly reduce benefits. Hormel Foods had avoided such drastic action, but by 1985, pressure to stay competitive remained.[57] Workers had already labored under a wage freeze and dangerous working conditions, leading to many cases of repetitive strain injury. When management demanded a 23% wage cut from the workers they decided to begin the strike.[58] It became one of the longest strikes of the 1980s. The strike began with the sanction of the Local of the United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, P-9. The local chapter of the United Food and Commercial Workers Union P-9 led the strike, but was not supported by their parent union. The strike gained national attention and led to a widely publicized boycott of Hormel products.

1985 strike

Holton continued as CEO until 1981 and then this duty was also passed to Knowlton. The construction of the current Austin plant began in 1980, and the Knoxville and Ottumwa plants were expanded. The plants in Beloit, Los Angeles and Ottumwa were renovated and expanded.[46] The new Austin plant, a 1,300,000-square-foot (120,000 m2) facility, began production on May 24, 1982, and was dedicated on Sept. 12, 1982.[47] Knowlton also became chairman of the board in 1984, while continuing to hold the titles of president and CEO. Not-So-Sloppy-Joe Sloppy Joe sauce made its debut in 1985.[48] In 1986, Hormel Foods acquired bacon.[51] In mid-1984, Hormel introduced the Frank 'n Stuff brand of stuffed hot dogs.[52][53][54][55][56]


In 1970, a distribution plant was built in Seattle.[41] That same year the company introduced its Matching Gifts program in which it offered to match the donation (up to $2,000) made by any employee to any accredited college or university. In 1972, Holton became CEO and distribution centers were opened in Orlando and Shreveport and a food service facility was built in Oklahoma City. A grocery products plant was opened in Beloit in 1973.[42] On this site the city now boasts the world's largest can of chili. Also in 1973, Hormel Foods became the first company in the meatpacking industry to introduce nutritional and ingredient labeling on meat products.[43] A frozen foods plant was opened in Fort Worth in 1974. A distribution plant was opened in Houston in 1975. In 1976, a slaughtering and processing plant was opened in Ottumwa, a dry sausage plant was opened in Knoxville, Iowa, and a grocery products canning facility was acquired in Stockton. A distribution plant was built in Fresno in 1978. A gelatin plant was opened in Davenport and groundbreaking for a new, one-story Austin plant in 1979.[44] That same year Richard Knowlton was elected as president, the first Austinian to hold that post since Jay Catherwood Hormel.[45]


Little Sizzlers sausages were introduced in 1961[36] and Cure 81 hams were introduced in 1963.[37] In 1962, Hormel constructed a 75,000-square-foot (7,000 m2) sausage manufacturing building in Austin and discontinued the slaughter of calves and lambs.[38] Also in 1963, Hormel acquired the Queen City Packing Company plant in Springfield, Missouri, and the Ottawa Meat Packing Company plant in Miami, Oklahoma. New plants were also constructed in Chattanooga and Los Angeles and the plants in Charlotte, Winston-Salem, Fresno and Houston were remodeled or expanded. In 1964, the Hormel Corporate Offices were opened just to the north of Interstate 90 in Austin. Gray replaced Corey as chairman of the board upon the latter's retirement in 1965, and M.B. Thompson became president.[39] During Thompson's tenure (1965–1969) a dry sausage plant was built in Algona and distribution centers were built in San Antonio, New Orleans and Atlanta. In 1967, the company, in cooperation with the National Merit Scholarship Program, started a college scholarship program for the children of Hormel employees. Partial scholarships were awarded through this program on the basis of the student's test scores, academic records, financial need, and school and community involvement. A separate building to house the growing research and development department was built northwest of the corporate office in Austin in 1968. In 1969, Gray resigned from the company and Thompson replaced him as chairman (by this time the chairman was called the CEO) and I.J. Holton was named president.[40]


In 1953, it acquired the Tobin Packing Company of Fort Dodge. Also in 1953, distribution centers were opened in San Francisco, Seattle and Beaumont and the company's first non-continental plant opened in Honolulu.[33] Jay C. Hormel died on August 30, 1954, and Corey was named chairman of the board and R.F. Gray was elected president the following year.[34] During Gray's tenure as president, the company greatly expanded its international business through arrangements with companies in Ireland, The UK, Canada and Venezuela. In 1959, Hormel was the first meatpacker to receive the Seal of Approval of the American Humane Society for its practice of anesthetizing animals before slaughter.[35]


After reaching sales of $75 million in 1941, George and Jay established The Hormel Foundation to provide perpetual independence of the company, act as California where he had lived in retirement. He is buried in Austin's Oakwood Cemetery. Jay C. then became chairman of the board, H.H. Corey became president, and R.F. Gray became vice-president.[31] Hormel acquired the Fremont Packing Company in 1947.[32]


The 1930s also saw the establishment of the Hormel & Co. refrigerator car line, with an initial roster of 125 units.

[27][26][25] In 1933, workers, led by itinerant butcher Frank Ellis, formed the Independent Union of All Workers and conducted one of the nation's first successful

In 1931, Jay C. instituted the Annual Wage Plan: under this plan, employees were paid weekly and they were guaranteed 52 weeks' notice before termination of employment.[20] He also introduced The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show.


[19]).Mexico (Nuevo Laredo, and Vicksburg, Los Angeles, Newark, Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Chattanooga, Beaumont, Houston In the late 1920s and early 1930s sales branches opened up in [18] Jay C. Hormel became company president in 1929 and that same year the plant was expanded again to include eight new structures and the main office was tripled in size.[17] to its line in 1928.chicken and it added ham canned, America's first Hormel Flavor-Sealed Ham In 1926, the company introduced [16] In 1921, when Jay Hormel returned from service in


[15] and by the end of the war, exports accounted for 33% of the company's yearly volume.[14] That same year the company developed a procedure to [11] By 1910, Hormel products were routinely appearing in national magazines.


[10] In 1901, the plant was expanded and the business was



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