World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Hornpipe (instrument)

Article Id: WHEBN0008931829
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hornpipe (instrument)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Renaissance music, Mock trumpet, Reed pipe, Pku, Diplica
Collection: Bagpipes, Hornpipes, Maltese Musical Instruments, Woodwind Instruments
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Hornpipe (instrument)

A Basque alboka, a type of hornpipe
Huw Roberts plays a Pibgorn (instrument), a Welsh Hornpipe
Ceri Rhys Matthews playing the Welsh Bag Hornpipe, or Pibe Cwd

The hornpipe can refer to a specific instrument or a class of woodwind instruments consisting of a single reed, a small diameter melody pipe with finger holes and a bell traditionally made from animal horn. Additionally, a reed cap of animal horn may be placed around the reed to contain the breath and allow circular breathing for constant play, although in many cases the reed is placed directly in the mouth. It was also known as the pibcorn, pibgorn, or piccorn. One rare Scottish example, called the stock-and-horn, is referred to by Robert Burns among others. Other hornpipes include the Spanish gaita gastoreña, the Basque alboka and the Eastern European zhaleika. When joined with a bag, Baines refers to the instruments as "bag-hornpipes".[1]


The traditional hornpipe has one or two narrow internal bores between 4mm and 12mm each, with one or two idioglot single-reeds respectively, similar to the bagpipe drone reed, which is sometimes surrounded by a cap made of horn or wood which is sealed with the players lips. The melody pipe(s) can have between 5 (pentatonic) and 8 finger holes (one of which may be a thumb hole) giving a first register range of up to an octave plus a note. The bell is shaped from a section of horn, wood or sometimes rolled bark, and may have tuning holes or decorative work. This class of instrument comprises the ancient predecessors to our modern cylindrically bored reed instruments, such as the clarinet.


  1. ^ Baines, Anthony C.. "Hornpipe (i)", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed 31 January 2007), (subscription access). and Baines, Anthony C. 1995 Bagpipes, 3rd ed. Occasional Papers on Technology. Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum.

External links

  • Henry Balfour, "The Old British "Pibcorn" or "Hornpipe" and its Affinities", The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (1891), pp. 142-154 (abstract on JSTOR)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.