World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Hsu Hsin-liang

Hsu Hsin-liang
許信良
Chairperson of the DPP
In office
18 July 1996 – 18 July 1998
Preceded by Shih Ming-teh
Succeeded by Lin Yi-hsiung
In office
20 January 1992 – 4 December 1993
Preceded by Huang Shin-chieh
Succeeded by Shih Ming-teh
Magistrate of Taoyuan
In office
20 December 1977 – 1 July 1979
Preceded by Wu Po-hsiung
Weng Chien (acting)
Succeeded by Yeh Kuo-kuang (acting)
Hsu Hung-chih
Personal details
Born 27 May 1941 (1941-05-27) (age 75)
Zhongli, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Empire of Japan
Nationality Taiwanese
Political party Democratic Progressive Party
Alma mater National Chengchi University
University of Edinburgh
Occupation Politician

Hsu Hsin-liang (traditional Chinese: 許信良; simplified Chinese: 许信良; pinyin: Xǔ Xìnliáng; born 27 May 1941 in Taoyuan County (now Taoyuan City), Empire of Japan) is a Taiwanese politician, formerly Chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). He was a supporter of the Pan-Blue Coalition from 2000 to 2008 but then supported the DPP in the 2008 presidential election.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Political career 2
  • Cross-strait relations 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life

Hsu attended now the Hsinchu Senior High School and received his bachelor's degree in Political Science from the National Chengchi University in 1967 and his KMT-sponsored master's degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1969.

Political career

Hsu began his political career in the Kuomintang as a member of the Taiwan Provincial Assembly from 1973 to 1977. He was expelled from Kuomintang but broke ranks in 1977 when he ran and won as an independent in the election for Magistrate of Taoyuan County.

Hsu was involved in opposition activity during the first part of 1979. The government impeached him and removed him from office for two years.[1] On September 30, 1979, he left Taiwan for an exile in the United States where he maintained his position opposing the Kuomintang government.

In 1986, after DPP founded, he tried to return to Taiwan but was turned back upon arriving at the Chiang Kai-shek International Airport. Three years later he was arrested while slipping into Taiwan aboard a mainland Chinese fishing boat and was jailed for sedition until president Lee Teng-hui declared to have been pardoned in 1990.

He later joined the DPP and served as its Chairman twice, from 1991 to 1993 and 1996 to 1998. He attempted to transform the party from a radical pro-Taiwan independence party to a more moderate and electable political group that no longer supported immediate independence. Having failed twice in gaining DPP support for his presidential bid, first in 1996 when he lost the party primary to Peng Ming-Min and second in 1999 when the party threw its support behind the widely popular former mayor of Taipei City, Chen Shui-Bian, Hsu decided to withdraw from the DPP in 1999.

After being expelled from the party, Hsu ran in the 2000 presidential election as an independent with New Party legislator Chu Hui-liang as his running mate. During the campaign, he promoted unification based on "one country, two systems". After the election, Hsu became more critical of the Chen Shui-bian government and its various policies. Hsu believes that maintaining a good relationship with the People's Republic of China is vital for Taiwan's survival and growth, and there is no hurry to negotiate with mainland on political issues at the present. Instead, establishing a closer economic relationship across the strait will help Taiwan's economy.

2000 Republic of China Presidential Election Result
Political affiliation Candidate Votes
President Vice President Total votes Percentage
Democratic Progressive Party Chen Shui-bian Annette Lu 4,977,737 39.3%
Independent James Soong Chang Chau-hsiung 4,664,932 36.8%
Kuomintang Lien Chan Vincent Siew 2,925,513 23.1%
Independent Hsu Hsin-liang Josephine Chu 79,429 0.63%
New Party Li Ao Elmer Fung 16,782 0.13%
Total 12,786,671 82.69% voter turnout
Valid votes 12,664,393
Invalid votes 122,278

Hsu publicly supported Lien Chen and James Soong in the 2004 presidential election. In March 2004, Hsu and a dozen other prominent politicians involved in the Tangwai movement published The Joint Declaration of the Tang Wai participants(黨外人士聯合聲明, the joint declaration of the participants outside of the political party movement), in which they reprimanded Chen Shui-bian for betraying the ideals of democracy and freedom that they once pursued. Criticising Chen for being "corrupted by power" and close with Lee Teng-hui and black gold, Hsu and others urged voters who once supported DPP for its ideals not to vote for Chen, to give him a chance to "reflect on himself".

After the 2004 presidential election, Hsu, in protest of what he saw as an unfair election, arrived at Ketagalan Boulevard (in front of the presidential palace) on the night of March 24 and staged a three-day hunger strike. He believed firmly that Chen Shui-bian cheated in the election and thought he was now fighting for democracy, just as he did two decades ago.

In July 2004, he founded the Taiwan Democratic School, which is aimed at "promoting a new democratic movement to sustain Taiwan's young democracy." It has advocated unity within the Pan-Blue Alliance.

In December 2004 he made an unsuccessful run in the Legislative Yuan election as an independent in the Taipei City South constituency. His platform opposed a NT$610.8 billion arms purchase from the U.S. and supported opening three direct links. Until 2006, Hsu and another two former chairman of DPP, Shih and Lin, also left DPP due to dissatisfaction with Chen's policies and corruptions.

However, after KMT won two-thirds majority seats in Legislative Yuan in 2008 elections, Hsu disappointed to KMT because he was afraid KMT would back to authoritarian dictatorship, Hsu then came out to support DPP candidate

Preceded by
Huang Shin-chieh
Chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party
1992–1993
Succeeded by
Shih Ming-teh
Preceded by
Shih Ming-teh
Chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party
1996–1998
Succeeded by
Lin Yi-hsiung
  • Human Rights Watch report of Taiwan (Republic of China) 1989

External links

  1. ^
  2. ^ "Former DPP chairman Hsu joins Hsieh ranks". Taipei Times. 3, 2008-02-25, http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2008/02/25/2003402749
  3. ^ "Ex-DPP head throws hat into primary ring". Focus Taiwan 2011-03-25, http://focustaiwan.tw/ShowNews/WebNews_Detail.aspx?Type=aALL&ID=201103250020
  4. ^ "Hsu, Chai formally join DPP chairperson race". Taipei Times. 3, 2012-04-14, http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2012/04/14/2003530309
  5. ^ http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2013/04/13/2003559524

References

In mid-April 2013 during a press conference, Hsu called for a cross-strait political dialogue to rejuvenate the stagnant economy of Taiwan and for Taiwan to have a grand coalition government, adding that political dialogue with Beijing is not for political purpose, but rather to save the economy of Taiwan.[5]

Cross-strait relations

but lost. [4] In April 2012, Hsu was nominated as a candidate for the DPP chairperson election to be held in May 2012,[3]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.