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Hulk Hogan

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Hulk Hogan

Hulk Hogan
Hogan in 2005
Born Terry Gene Bollea
(1953-08-11) August 11, 1953
Augusta, Georgia, United States
Residence Tampa, Florida, United States
Beverly Hills, California, United States
Occupation Professional wrestler, actor, television personality, entrepreneur, musician
Years active 1976 (musician)
1977–present (wrestler)
1982–present (actor)
Spouse(s) Linda Claridge (m. 1983; div. 2007)
Jennifer McDaniel (m. 2010)
Children Brooke Ellen Bollea
Nicholas Allan Bollea
Professional wrestling career
Ring name(s) Hollywood Hulk Hogan[1]
Hollywood Hogan[2]
Hulk Hogan
Mr. America
Sterling Golden[3]
Terry Boulder[1]
The Super Destroyer
Hulk Machine
Billed height 6 ft 7 in (2.01 m)[4]
Billed weight 302 lb (137 kg)[4]
Billed from Venice Beach, California[4]
(as Hulk Hogan)
Washington, D.C.
(as Mr. America)[5]
Hollywood, California
(as Hollywood Hogan)
Trained by Hiro Matsuda[1]
Debut 1977[1]

Terry Gene Bollea[6] (born August 11, 1953), better known by his ring name Hulk Hogan, is an American professional wrestler, actor, television personality, entrepreneur and rock bassist.

Bollea enjoyed mainstream popularity in the 1980s and 1990s as the WrestleMania and Starrcade, on multiple occasions. He was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2005. He was signed with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) from 2009 until 2013, where he was the on-screen General Manager.[7] IGN described Hogan as "the most recognized wrestling star worldwide and the most popular wrestler of the '80s".[8]

Hogan is a 12-time world champion; a six-time WWF/E (World Heavyweight) Champion and six-time WCW World Heavyweight Champion. He was the first wrestler to win consecutive Royal Rumbles, in 1990 and 1991.

In July 2015, Hogan was fired from and blacklisted by WWE, coinciding with media scrutiny of scandalous remarks he made in 2007.


  • Early life 1
  • Professional wrestling career 2
    • Early years (1977–1979) 2.1
    • World Wrestling Federation (1979–1980) 2.2
    • New Japan Pro Wrestling (1980–1985) 2.3
    • American Wrestling Association (1981–1983) 2.4
    • Return to WWF 2.5
      • The crowning of Hulkamania (1983–1984) 2.5.1
      • International renown (1985–1988) 2.5.2
      • The Mega Powers (1988–1989) 2.5.3
      • Further WWF Championship reigns (1989–1992) 2.5.4
      • Brief comeback (1993) 2.5.5
    • Return to NJPW (1993–1994) 2.6
    • World Championship Wrestling 2.7
      • WCW World Heavyweight Champion (1994–1996) 2.7.1
      • New World Order (1996–1999) 2.7.2
      • Conflicts with Vince Russo (1999–2000) 2.7.3
    • Post-WCW endeavors (2001) 2.8
    • Second return to WWF/E 2.9
      • Undisputed WWF/E Champion (2002–2003) 2.9.1
      • Mr. America (2003) 2.9.2
    • Return to NJPW (2003) 2.10
    • Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003–2004) 2.11
    • WWE Hall of Famer (2005–2007) 2.12
    • Memphis Wrestling (2007–2008) 2.13
    • Return to TNA 2.14
      • Dixie Carter's business partner (2009–2010) 2.14.1
      • Immortal (2010–2011) 2.14.2
      • General Manager (2011–2013) 2.14.3
    • Fourth return to WWE (2014–2015) 2.15
      • Scandal and departure 2.15.1
  • Endorsements and business ventures 3
    • Food industry 3.1
    • Finances 3.2
    • Other 3.3
  • Other media 4
    • Acting 4.1
    • Reality television and hosting 4.2
    • Music and radio 4.3
    • Video games 4.4
  • Personal life 5
    • Legal issues 5.1
    • Family 5.2
    • Health 5.3
  • Awards and honors 6
  • Filmography 7
  • In wrestling 8
  • Championships and accomplishments 9
  • Notes 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Early life

Hogan was born Terry Eugene Bollea in blender, known as the Hulk Hogan Thunder Mixer. He has since endorsed a grill known as "The Hulk Hogan Ultimate Grill".

In 2006, Bollea unveiled his own energy drink Hogan Energy, distributed by Socko Energy.[209] His name and likeness are also applied to a line of microwavable hamburgers, cheeseburgers, and chicken sandwiches sold at Wal-Mart called "Hulkster Burgers".[210] On November 1, 2011, Bollea launched a new website called Hogan Nutrition, which features many nutritional and dietary products.[211]

On New Year's Eve 2012, Bollea opened a beachfront restaurant called "Hogan's Beach", located in the Tampa area.[212][213] The restaurant dropped Hogan's name on October 2015.[214]


In September 2008, Bollea's net worth was revealed to be over $30 million.[215][216][217] In September 2011, Bollea revealed that his lavish lifestyle, and divorce had cost him hundreds of millions of dollars and nearly bankrupted him.[218]


During an interview with The Sun in 2007, Bollea claimed to be planning his own federation to compete against Vince McMahon.[219] Bollea says he has raised $40 million of the $80–$100 million goal and his venture is something that will eventually revolutionize the sport of professional wrestling.[219] In October 2007, Bollea transferred all trademarks referring to himself to his liability company named "Hogan Holdings Limited". The trademarks include Hulk Hogan, "Hollywood" Hulk Hogan, Hulkster, Hogan Knows Grillin,, and[220]

In April 2008, Bollea announced that he would lend his license to video game developer Gameloft to create "Hulkamania Wrestling" for mobile phones. Hogan stated in a press release that the game would be "true to [his] experiences in wrestling" and use his classic wrestling moves like the Doublehand Choke Lift and Strong Clothesline.[221] As of 2010, Hogan stars alongside Troy Aikman in commercials for Rent-A-Center.[222] On March 24, 2011, Hogan made a special appearance on American Idol, giving a big surprise to wrestling fans Paul McDonald and James Durbin. On October 15, 2010, Endemol Games UK (a subsidiary of media production group Endemol UK) announced a partnership with Bischoff Hervey Entertainment to produce "Hulk Hogan's Hulkamania", an online gambling game featuring video footage of Hogan.[223][224]

In October 2013, Bollea partnered with Tech Assets, Inc. to open a web hosting service called "Hostamania".[225] To promote the service, a commercial video was released, featuring Hogan parodying Jean-Claude Van Damme's commercials and Miley Cyrus' "Wrecking Ball" music video.[226][227][228] On November 21, 2013, Hulk Hogan and appeared together on a live Hangout On Air on Google Plus,[229] where Hulk Hogan had a casual conversation about Hostamania, fans, and business.

Hogan became a distributor for multi-level marketing company ViSalus Sciences after looking for business opportunities outside of wrestling.[230] Hogan supports the American Diabetes Association.[231]

Other media


The handprints of Hulk Hogan in front of The Great Movie Ride at Walt Disney World's Disney's Hollywood Studios theme park

Hogan's crossover popularity led to several television and movie roles. Early in his career Bollea played the part of Thunderlips in Rocky III (1982). He also appeared in No Holds Barred (1989), before starring in the family films Suburban Commando (1991), Mr. Nanny (1993), Santa with Muscles (1996), and 3 Ninjas: High Noon at Mega Mountain (1998).[232] Hogan also appeared in 1992 commercials for Right Guard deodorant. He starred in his own television series, Thunder in Paradise, in 1994. He is the star of The Ultimate Weapon (1997), in which Brutus Beefcake also appears in a cameo.[233]

Bollea also starred in a pair of television movies, originally intended as a pilot for an ongoing series for TNT, produced by Eric Bischoff. The movies, Shadow Warriors: Assault on Devil's Island and Shadow Warriors: Hunt for The Death Merchant, starred Hogan alongside Carl Weathers and Shannon Tweed as a freelance mercenary team. In 1995, he appeared on TBN's Kids Against Crime. Bollea made cameo appearances in Muppets from Space, Gremlins 2: The New Batch (the theatrical cut) and Spy Hard as himself. Hogan also played the role of Zeus in Little Hercules in 3D. Hogan also made two appearances on The A-Team (in 1985 and 1986), along with Roddy Piper. He also appeared on Suddenly Susan in 1999.[234] In 2001, Hogan guest-starred on an episode of Walker, Texas Ranger.

Hogan has become a busy voice actor in recent years making guest voice spots on Robot Chicken and American Dad! and as a main actor in the Cartoon Network/Adult Swim series China, IL.

Reality television and hosting

On July 10, 2005, VH1 premiered Hogan Knows Best a reality show which centered around Hogan, his then-wife Linda, and their children Brooke and Nick.[235] In July 2008, a spin-off entitled Brooke Knows Best premiered, which focused primarily on Hogan's daughter Brooke.[236]

Bollea hosted the comeback series of American Gladiators on NBC in 2008.[237] He also hosted and judged the short-lived reality show, Hulk Hogan's Celebrity Championship Wrestling.[238] Hogan had a special titled Finding Hulk Hogan on A&E on November 17, 2010.[239]

In 2015, Hogan was a judge on the sixth season of Tough Enough, alongside Paige and Daniel Bryan.[240]

Music and radio

Bollea released a music CD, Hulk Rules, as Hulk Hogan and The Wrestling Boot Band. Also, Green Jellÿ released a single, a duet with Hogan, performing Gary Glitter's classic song "I'm the Leader of the Gang (I Am)". He has also made cameos in several music videos. From her self-named show, Dolly the music video for Dolly Parton's wrestling-themed love song "Headlock on my Heart" features Hogan as "Starlight Starbright". In the music video "Pressure" by Belly ft. Ginuwine, Bollea and his daughter Brooke both made brief cameo appearances.

Bollea was a regular guest on Bubba the Love Sponge's radio show. He also served as the best man at Bubba's January 2007 wedding.[241] On March 12, 2010, Bollea hosted his own radio show, titled Hogan Uncensored, on Sirius Satellite Radio's Howard 101.[242]

Video games

Bollea provided his voice for the game Saints Row: The Third as Angel de la Muerte, a member of the Saints.[243] In October 2011, Bollea released a video game called Hulk Hogan's Main Event.[244] Hogan also was featured in games such as WCW/nWo Revenge, WCW Mayhem (video game), WWF Royal Rumble, WWE WrestleMania X8, WWE Day of Reckoning 2, WWE SmackDown! vs. Raw 2006, WWE SmackDown! vs. Raw 2007, WWE Legends of WrestleMania, WWE All Stars, WWE 2K14 and WWE 2K15.

Personal life

Legal issues

On March 27, 1985, just days prior to the inaugural WrestleMania, Richard Belzer requested on his cable TV talk show Hot Properties that Hogan demonstrate one of his signature wrestling moves. After consistently refusing but being egged on by Belzer, Hogan put Belzer in a modified Guillotine choke, which caused Belzer to pass out. When Hogan released him, Belzer hit his head on the floor, sustaining a laceration to the scalp that required a brief hospitalization. Belzer sued Hogan for $5 million and later settled out of court. On October 20, 2006, on the Bubba the Love Sponge Show, it was claimed (with Hogan in the studio) that the settlement totaled $5 million, half from Hogan and half from Vince McMahon. During his June 23, 2008, appearance on Sirius Satellite Radio's The Howard Stern Show, Belzer suggested that the real settlement amount was actually closer to $400,000.[245]

In 1994, Hogan, having received anabolic steroids since 1976 to gain size and weight, but that McMahon had neither sold him the drugs, nor ordered him to take them. The evidence given by Hogan proved extremely costly to the government's case against McMahon. Due to this and jurisdictional issues, McMahon was found not guilty.[246]

In April 2012, a sex tape between Hogan and Heather Clem, the estranged wife of radio personality Bubba the Love Sponge, emerged online. On October 4, 2012, Gawker released a short clip of the video.[247] In the video, Bubba can be heard saying that the couple can "do their thing" and he will be in his office. At the end of the video, he can also be heard telling Heather, "If we ever need to retire, here is our ticket".[248] Hogan later told Howard Stern on his satellite radio show that, "it was a bad choice and a very low point" and "I was with some friends and made a wrong choice. It has devastated me, I have never been this hurt".[249][250] On October 15, 2012, Hogan filed a lawsuit against Bubba and Heather Clem for invading his privacy.[251] A settlement with Bubba was announced on October 29, 2012.[252] Afterwards, Clem publicly apologized to Hogan.[253] In December 2012, a federal court, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, found that Gawker's publication of the video snippet did not violate U.S. copyright law. Hogan then joined Gawker to the ongoing action against Heather Clem in state court in Florida, alleging invasion of privacy, negligent and intentional infliction of emotional distress and seeking $100 million in damages.[254]

On October 1, 2015 the New York Post reported that a Florida Judge granted Hogan access to Gawker's computer system for a forensic expert to search Gawker’s computers and office[255]


Linda Hogan

On December 18, 1983, Bollea married Linda Claridge. They have a daughter Brooke (born May 5, 1988) and a son Nick (born July 27, 1990). Bollea made his personal life the centerpiece of the television show Hogan Knows Best, which included his wife and two children.

According to an interview in the National Enquirer, Christiane Plante claimed that Bollea had an affair with her in 2007 while the Hogan family was shooting Hogan Knows Best.[256] Plante was 33 years old at the time and had worked with Brooke Hogan on her 2006 album.[257]

On November 20, 2007, Linda filed for divorce in Pinellas County, Florida.[258] Hogan told St. Petersburg Times that he was unaware of the filing when the paper called for a comment. The Graziano family's lawyer believed the divorce might have been an attempt to divide the family's assets from a planned civil suit against the Bolleas regarding their son, Nick.[259] In November 2008, Linda claimed to the public that she made the decision to end her marriage after finding out about Hogan's affair.[260][261] In his 2009 autobiography, Hogan acknowledged that Linda on numerous occasions suspected he was having infidelities whenever he developed friendships with other women,[262] but denied allegations that he ever cheated on her.[262] Bollea only retained around 30% of the couple's liquid assets totaling around 10 million dollars in the divorce settlement.[263] Hogan considered committing suicide after the divorce and credits Laila Ali, his co-star on American Gladiators, with preventing him from doing so.[264]

Bollea has been in a relationship with Jennifer McDaniel since early 2008.[265] The two were engaged in November 2009[265] and married on December 14, 2010, in Clearwater, Florida.[266][267]

Hogan is a Christian. Hogan has spoken about his faith in his life saying, "[I've] leaned on my religion. I was saved when I was 14. I accepted Christ as my savior. He died on the cross and paid for my sins... I could have went [sic] the wrong way. I could have self-destructed, but I took the high road".[268]


Bollea has suffered numerous health problems, particularly with his back since retiring as a wrestler following the years of heavyweight training and jolting as a wrestler.[269]

On January 2013, Bollea filed a medical malpractice lawsuit against the Laser Spine Institute for $50 million, citing that the medical firm persuaded him to undergo a half-dozen "unnecessary and ineffective" spinal operations that worsened his back problems. He claimed that the six procedures he underwent over a period of 19 months only gave him short-term relief. After the procedures failed to cure his back problems, Bollea underwent a traditional spinal fusion surgery on December 2010, which enabled him to return to his professional activities. In addition, the Laser Spine Institute used his name on their advertisements without his permission.[270]

Awards and honors

Bollea was honored as the

  • Official website
  • Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame profile
  • WWE profile (archived)
  • TNA Impact Wrestling profile
  • Hulk Hogan at the Internet Movie Database

External links

  • Bischoff, Eric (2006). Eric Bischoff:  
  • Hogan, Hulk (2002). Hollywood Hulk Hogan. Simon and Schuster.  
  • Loverro, Thom (2006). The Rise & Fall of ECW: Extreme Championship Wrestling. Simon and Schuster.  
  • Shields, Brian (2006). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s. Simon and Schuster.  
  • Hogan, Hulk and Dagostino, Mark (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's.  


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1 ^ Hogan's last reign was as Undisputed WWF Champion. The title was renamed the Undisputed WWE Championship on May 6, 2002 after World Wrestling Federation Entertainment, Inc. settled a lawsuit with the World Wide Fund for Nature, and became simply World Wrestling Entertainment.

Championships and accomplishments

  • Nicknames
    • "The Fabulous"[280]
    • "The Immortal"[1]
    • "The Incredible"[281]
    • "The Hulkster"[1]
    • "Hollywood"[1]
    • "The Unstoppable Force"[282]
Hogan listening to the crowd, one of his signature taunts
Hogan body slamming Flair from the top rope
Hogan faces off against Ric Flair
Hogan performing his signature running leg drop on Mr. McMahon at WrestleMania XIX

In wrestling

Year Film/Show Role Notes
1982 Rocky III Thunderlips
1983 Bimini Code Rick, Blond Henchman Uncredited
1984 Goldie and the Bears Mac McKenna
1985 The A-Team Himself 1 episode: ("Body Slam")
1989 No Holds Barred Rip Thomas
1990 Gremlins 2: The New Batch Himself
1991 Suburban Commando Shep Ramsey
1993 Mr. Nanny Sean Armstrong
1993 Thunder in Paradise Randolph J. Hurricane Spencer Direct-to-video
1994 Thunder in Paradise TV series, 22 episodes
1995 Space Ghost Coast to Coast Himself Episode: "Sleeper"
1996 Baywatch Himself Episode: "Bash at the Beach"
The Secret Agent Club Ray Chase
Spy Hard Steele's other Tag-Team Member Cameo
Santa with Muscles Blake
1997 The Ultimate Weapon Cutter
Assault on Devil's Island Mike McBride
1998 McCinsey's Island Joe McGrai
3 Ninjas: High Noon at Mega Mountain Dave Dragon
1999 Assault on Death Mountain Mike McBride
Muppets from Space Himself
2001 Walker, Texas Ranger Boomer Knight 1 episode: ("Division Street")
2009 Little Hercules Zeus
2011 Gnomeo & Juliet Terrafirminator V.O.
Saints Row: The Third Angel de la Muerte Video game
2011–15 China, IL The Dean Main cast
2012 American Dad! Himself 1 episode: ("Stanny Tendergrass")


Year Award Group Result Notes
2006 Teen Choice Awards TV – Choice Reality Star (Male) Nominated Hogan Knows Best

[272].Make-A-Wish Foundation with his likeness. Hogan received the honor in part because meeting Hogan is one of the most requested "wishes" of the terminally ill children benefited by the doubloons and rode in the parade where he threw Children's Hospital of New Orleans Hogan visited the [272][271] In an interview on the

Hogan created and financed a restaurant called Pastamania located in the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota.[208] It opened on the Labor Day weekend of 1995 and was heavily promoted on World Championship Wrestling's live show Monday Nitro. The restaurant, which remained in operation for less than a year, featured such dishes as "Hulk-U's" and "Hulk-A-Roos".[208]

The ring for Hulkamania, the tour promoted by Hogan

Food industry

Endorsements and business ventures

Hogan gave an interview with ABC on August 31 in which he pleaded forgiveness for his his racist comments, attributing these to a racial bias inherited from his neighborhood while growing up.[206] Hogan claimed that the term "nigger" was used liberally among friends in Tampa; former neighbors of his, however, have disputed this claim.[207]

In response to the controversy, Mattel stopped producing Hogan action figures, while Hogan's merchandise was taken down from online stores of Target, Toys "R" Us and Walmart.[203] On July 28, Radar Online reported that Hogan had also used homophobic slurs on the leaked sex tape.[204] Days later, it was reported that Hogan had used racist language in a 2008 call to his then-imprisoned son, Nick Bollea, and also said that he hoped they would not be reincarnated as black males.[205]

Once the recordings went public erupting in a media scandal, Hogan apologized for the remarks, which he said is "language that is offensive and inconsistent with [his] own beliefs."[194] Three black wrestlers who worked in the WWF and WCW with Hogan made supportive comments. Virgil commented "Hogan has never given me a reason to believe he is a racist"[200] while Dennis Rodman said he "most certainly is not a racist"[201] and Kamala added "I do not think Hogan meant harm by saying that. Hogan is my brother until he decides not to be."[202]

On July 24, 2015, WWE terminated their contract with Hogan, stating that they are "committed to embracing and celebrating individuals from all backgrounds",[195] although Hogan's lawyer said Hogan chose to resign.[194] A day prior, WWE removed virtually all references to Hogan from their website, including his listing as a judge for Tough Enough, his merchandise from WWE Shop, and his entry from its WWE Hall of Fame page.[196][197] The termination coincided with the publication by the National Enquirer and Radar Online of an anti-black rant made by Hogan on his controversial leaked sex tape in which he is heard expressing disgust with the notion of his daughter with any black man, referenced by repeated use of the racial slur "nigger".[198][199] Hogan also admitted to being "a racist, to a point".[199]

Eight years ago I used offensive language during a conversation. It was unacceptable for me to have used that offensive language; there is no excuse for it; and I apologize for having done it.

—Hogan's response in People to the revelation of his previous comments[194]

Scandal and departure

On the March 23 episode of Raw, Hogan, along with Snoop Dogg confronted Curtis Axel – who at the time had been 'borrowing' Hogan's 'Hulkamania gimmick' with Axel referring to himself as 'AxelMania'. On March 28, the night before WrestleMania, Hogan inducted long time rival 'Macho Man' Randy Savage into the WWE Hall of Fame. The next night at WrestleMania 31, Hogan reunited with Scott Hall and Kevin Nash to reform the nWo, appearing in Sting's corner in his match against Triple H, who himself was joined by D-Generation X (DX) members.

On February 27, 2015, Hogan was honored at Madison Square Garden during a WWE live event dubbed "Hulk Hogan Appreciation Night" with a special commemorative banner hanging from the rafters, honoring his wrestling career and historic matches he had in the arena.[193]

Hogan (center) with Kevin Nash and Scott Hall as the nWo at WrestleMania 31 in 2015

At WrestleMania XXX in March, Hogan served as the host, coming out at the start of the show to hype up the crowd. During his promo, he mistakenly referred to the Superdome, the venue the event was being held at, as the Silverdome, which became the subject of jokes throughout the night. Hogan was later joined by The Rock and Steve Austin, and they finished their promo by drinking beer together in the ring. Later in the show, Hogan shared a moment with Mr. T, Paul Orndorff, and Roddy Piper, with whom he main evented the first WrestleMania.

Hogan (left) along Stone Cold Steve Austin and The Rock at WrestleMania XXX in April 2014

On February 24, 2014 on Raw, Hogan made his first WWE in-ring appearance since December 2007 to hype the WWE Network.[191] On the March 24 episode of Raw, Hogan came out to introduce the guest appearances of Arnold Schwarzenegger and Joe Manganiello; this was to promote the guests' new movie Sabotage.[192]

Hogan on Raw in 2014

Fourth return to WWE (2014–2015)

On the January 31 episode of Impact Wrestling, Hogan reinstated Ray so he could take on the Aces & Eights.[181][182] Hogan named Ray the number one contender to the TNA World Heavyweight Championship on the February 21 episode of Impact Wrestling.[183] However, at Lockdown, Ray betrayed Hogan, after Aces & Eights helped him win the title, and he revealed himself as the President of the Aces & Eights.[184] Following Lockdown, Hogan blamed Sting for Ray winning the title as it was Sting who encouraged Hogan to give Ray the title shot.[185][186][187] Sting returned and saved Hogan from an attack by Aces & Eights on the April 25 episode of Impact Wrestling.[188] The following week, Hogan and Sting managed to reconcile their differences.[189] On the October 3 episode of Impact Wrestling, Hogan refused an offer from Dixie Carter to become her business partner and quit. Hogan was officially written off, as a result of his contract expiring with TNA.[190]

In November, Hogan moved into a storyline with Bully Ray after Austin Aries revealed a secret relationship between Ray and Hogan's daughter Brooke.[175][176] After seeing them kissing in a parking garage on the December 20 episode of Impact Wrestling,[177] Hogan suspended Ray indefinitely.[178] The following week, after Ray saved Brooke from a kidnapping by the Aces & Eights, Brooke accepted his marriage proposal.[179] Despite Hogan's disapproval, he still walked Brooke down the aisle for her wedding on the next episode of Impact Wrestling. During the ceremony, Ray's groomsmen Taz interrupted and revealed himself as a member of the Aces & Eights, leading the group to attack Hogan, Ray, and the rest of the groomsmen.[180]

In July, Hogan, alongside Sting, began feuding with a mysterious group of masked men, who had dubbed themselves the "Aces & Eights".[173] The group's attack on Hogan on the July 12 episode of Impact Wrestling was used to write Hogan off television as he was set to undergo another back surgery.[174]

On January 26, 2012, Hogan returned to the ring at a house show in Nottingham, England, where he, James Storm and Sting defeated Bobby Roode, Bully Ray and Kurt Angle in a six-man tag team main event.[170] Hogan returned to Impact Wrestling on February 2, when he was revealed as Garett Bischoff's trainer.[171] On the March 29 episode of Impact Wrestling, Hogan returned and accepted Sting's offer to replace him as the new General Manager.[172]

Hogan was defeated by Sting at Bound For Glory, ending his storyline as the president of TNA. After the match, Immortal attacked Sting.[168] On the following episode of Impact Wrestling, Hogan, wearing his trademark yellow and red again, admitted to his mistakes, and put over Sting for winning.[169]

General Manager (2011–2013)

Hogan returned to TNA on the March 3, 2011 episode of Impact!, declaring himself as the new owner of TNA, having won the court battle against Dixie Carter.[157] In April, he began hinting at a possible return to the ring to face the TNA World Heavyweight Champion, Sting.[158] On the May 12 episode of the newly renamed Impact Wrestling, Hogan lost control of the program to Mick Foley, who revealed himself as the Network consultant who had been causing problems for Immortal ever since Hogan and Bischoff took over the company; however, this angle was cut short just three weeks later, when Foley left the promotion.[159][160] During the following months, Hogan continued to interfere in Sting's matches, costing him the TNA World Heavyweight Championship first at Hardcore Justice, recruiting Kurt Angle to Immortal in the process, on the September 1 episode of Impact Wrestling and finally at No Surrender.[161][162][163] On the September 15 episode of Impact Wrestling, Sting defeated Immortal member Ric Flair to earn the right to face Hogan at Bound for Glory.[164][165] On October 4, it was reported that Hogan had signed a contract extension with TNA.[166] After feigning retirement from professional wrestling, Hogan accepted the match at Bound for Glory on the October 6 episode of Impact Wrestling, while also agreeing to hand TNA back to Dixie Carter, should Sting win the match.[167]

On the June 17 episode of Impact!, Hogan's alliance with Abyss came to an abrupt end when Abyss turned heel.[146] Abyss later claimed that he was controlled by some entity, that was coming to TNA.[147] The next month, Hogan worked with Bischoff, Jeff Jarrett and Samoa Joe against Sting and Kevin Nash, who claimed that they knew that Hogan and Bischoff were up to something.[148] During this time, Abyss went on a rampage, attacking Rob Van Dam to the point that he was forced to vacate the TNA World Heavyweight Championship and eventually put his hands on TNA president Dixie Carter, which led to her signing the paperwork, presented by Bischoff, that would have Abyss fired from TNA following his match with Van Dam at Bound for Glory.[149][150][151] Hogan was set to wrestle with Jarrett and Joe against Sting, Nash and D'Angelo Dinero at Bound for Glory, but was forced to miss the event due to a back surgery. However, he would make a surprise appearance at the end of the event, turning heel, helping Jeff Hardy win the vacant TNA World Heavyweight Championship and aligning himself with Hardy, Bischoff, Abyss and Jarrett. This was also Hogan's first working as a heel since he reunited with the nWo in WWE.[152] On the following episode of Impact!, it was revealed that Bischoff had tricked Carter and the paperwork she had signed a week earlier, were not to release Abyss, but to turn the company over to him and Hogan. Meanwhile, Bischoff's and Hogan's new stable, now known as Immortal, formed an alliance with Ric Flair's Fortune.[153] Dixie Carter returned on the November 25 episode of Reaction, informing Hogan and Bischoff that a judge had filed an injunction against the two on her behalf over not having signatory authority, indefinitely suspending Hogan from TNA.[154] During his absence, Hogan underwent a potentially career–ending spinal fusion surgery on December 21, 2010.[155][156]

Hogan in July 2010

Immortal (2010–2011)

On the February 18 episode of Impact!, Hogan took Abyss under his wing, and during this sequence, gave him his Hall of Fame ring and claimed it would make him a "god of wrestling".[143] Hogan made his in-ring return on March 8, teaming with Abyss to defeat A.J. Styles and Ric Flair when Abyss scored a pinfall over Styles.[144] Afterwards, the returning Jeff Hardy saved Hogan and Abyss from a beat down at the hands of Styles, Flair and Desmond Wolfe.[144] The storyline became a Team Flair versus Team Hogan situation, with Jarrett and the debuting Rob Van Dam joining Team Hogan and Beer Money and Sting joining Team Flair. At Lockdown, Team Hogan (Hulk Hogan, Abyss, Jeff Jarrett, Jeff Hardy and Rob Van Dam) defeated Team Flair (Ric Flair, Sting, Desmond Wolfe, Robert Roode and James Storm) in a Lethal Lockdown match.[145]

On the January 4 episode of Impact!, Hogan debuted, reuniting briefly with former nWo partners Kevin Nash, Scott Hall, and Sean Waltman, the latter two of whom made their returns to the company. He, however, refused to join them for a full-fledged reunion of their group claiming, "it's a different time", and stuck to his business relations with Bischoff, who made his appearance to declare that, the two of them would "flip the company upside down" and everyone would have to earn their spot. Hogan also encountered TNA founder Jeff Jarrett on the broadcast, appearing via video wall and interrupting Jarrett's company success speech, stating that Carter was instrumental to the company's survival, and that just like the rest, Jarrett would have to (kayfabe) earn his spot in TNA.[142]

On December 5, 2009, Hogan announced on Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC)'s The Ultimate Fighter that he would be making his official TNA debut on January 4, 2010, in a special live three-hour Monday night episode of Impact! to compete with WWE's Raw (which featured the return of Bret Hart).[140] Carter revealed Hogan's role in the company in an interview with The UK Sun stating when his job came to question, "he is involved with everything from looking at the talent to how we shoot the show".[141]

On November 21, 24, 26, and 28, Hogan performed with a group of wrestlers including Spartan-3000, Heidenreich, Eugene, Brutus "The Barber" Beefcake and Orlando Jordan across Australia in a tour titled Hulkamania: Let the Battle Begin. The main event of each show was a rematch between Hogan and Ric Flair—the wrestler who defeated Hogan more times than any other. Hogan defeated Flair in all four matches.[138][139]

Hogan during a match against Ric Flair in 2009

On October 27, 2009, it was announced that Hogan had signed a contract to join Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) on a full-time basis.[7] The footage of his signing and the press conference in the Madison Square Garden following it were featured on the October 29 episode of TNA Impact!.[137]

Dixie Carter's business partner (2009–2010)

Return to TNA

After a brief fall out with McMahon and WWE,[134] Hogan was lured to Memphis Wrestling with the proposal of wrestling Jerry Lawler.[135] The match had been promoted on Memphis Wrestling Prime Time for several months. On April 12, 2007, however, Lawler announced in a news conference that WWE had barred him from wrestling Hogan on the basis that NBC performers (including Lawler, on the basis of co-hosting the NBC-owned USA Network's Raw and his appearances on the biannual WWE's Saturday Night's Main Event) are contractually prohibited from appearing on VH1, the channel on which Hogan Knows Best airs.[135] The situation resulted in a lawsuit being filed against WWE by event promoter Corey Maclin.[136] Lawler was replaced with Paul Wight.[135] Hogan defeated Wight at Memphis Wrestling's PMG Clash of Legends on April 27, 2007 when he picked up and bodyslammed Wight and pinned him following his signature running leg drop.

Hogan facing Ric Flair before his match in Hulkamania Tour

Memphis Wrestling (2007–2008)

Prior to WrestleMania 22, Hogan inducted friend and former announcer "Mean" Gene Okerlund into the WWE Hall of Fame. Hogan returned on the July 15, 2006 episode of Saturday Night's Main Event with his daughter Brooke. During the show, Randy Orton kayfabe flirted with Brooke and later attacked Hogan in the parking lot.[131] He later challenged Hogan to a match at SummerSlam, which Hogan won.[132] After SummerSlam, Hogan spoke out publicly about his dissatisfaction with his payment from the pay-per-view.[133]

Hogan then appeared on July 4 episode of Raw, as the special guest of Carlito on his talk-show segment Carlito's Cabana. After being asked questions by Carlito concerning his daughter Brooke, Hogan attacked Carlito. Kurt Angle then also appeared, making comments about Brooke, which further upset Hogan. Hogan was eventually double teamed by Carlito and Angle, but was saved by Shawn Michaels. Later that night, Michaels and Hogan defeated Carlito and Angle in a tag match; during the post-match celebration, Michaels performed Sweet Chin Music on Hogan and walked off.[127] The following week on Raw, Michaels appeared on Piper's Pit and challenged Hogan to face him one-on-one for the first time.[128] Hogan appeared on Raw one week later and accepted the challenge.[129] The match took place at SummerSlam. After the match, Michaels extended his hand to him, telling him that he "had to find out for himself", and Hogan and Michaels shook hands as Michaels left the ring to allow Hogan to celebrate with the crowd.[130]

On April 2, 2005 Hogan was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame by actor and friend Sylvester Stallone.[125] At WrestleMania 21 on April 3, Hogan came out to rescue Eugene, who was being attacked by Muhammad Hassan and Khosrow Daivari. The build-up to Hogan's Hall of Fame induction and preparation for his WrestleMania angle was shown on the first season of Hogan Knows Best. The next night on Raw, Hassan and Daivari came out to confront and assault fan favorite Shawn Michaels. The following week, Michaels approached Raw General Manager Eric Bischoff demanding a handicap match with Hassan and Daivari. Bischoff refused, but told Michaels if he found a partner he would be granted a tag team match. Michaels then made a plea for Hogan to team with him. On the April 18 episode of Raw, Hassan again led an attack on Michaels until Hogan appeared, saving Michaels and accepting his offer. At Backlash, Hassan and Daivari lost to Hogan and Michaels.[126]

Hogan making his entrance at SummerSlam in 2005

WWE Hall of Famer (2005–2007)

Shortly after Hogan left WWE, Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) began making overtures to Hogan, culminating in Jeff Jarrett, co-founder of TNA and then NWA World Heavyweight Champion, launching an on-air attack on Hogan in Japan in October 2003. The attack was supposed to be a precursor to Hogan battling Jarrett for the NWA title at TNA's first three-hour pay-per-view. However, due to recurring knee and hip problems, Hogan did not appear in TNA. Still, the incident has been shown several times on TNA broadcasts, and was included in the TNA DVD TNA's Fifty Greatest Moments.

Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003–2004)

Hogan returned to NJPW in October 2003. On October 13, he defeated Masahiro Chono at Ultimate Crush II in the Tokyo Dome.

Return to NJPW (2003)

Mr. America's last WWE appearance was on the June 26 episode of SmackDown! when Big Show and The World's Greatest Tag Team (Shelton Benjamin and Charlie Haas) defeated Brock Lesnar, Kurt Angle, and Mr. America in a six-man tag team match.[123] After the show went off the air, Mr. America unmasked to show the fans that he was indeed Hogan, putting his finger to his lips telling the fans to keep quiet about his secret. The next week, Hogan quit WWE due to frustration with the creative team.[124] On the July 3 episode of SmackDown!, McMahon showed the footage of Mr. America unmasking as Hogan and "fired" him, although Hogan had already quit in real life.[124] The Mr. America gimmick came under fire briefly from Marvel Comics, who anointed it a rip-off of Captain America, citing costume similarity. It was later revealed that Hogan was unhappy with the payoffs for his matches after his comeback under the Mr. America gimmick.[124] McMahon decided to terminate Hogan's contract, and Hogan left WWE in 2003.[124]

Later, he had a run as the masked Mr. America. The persona was supposed to be Hulk Hogan in disguise, wearing a mask. He used Hogan's "Real American" theme music and all of Hogan's signature gestures, moves, and phrases. He was the subject of a storyline that took place after Hogan was forced by Vince McMahon to sit out the rest of his contract.[1] A WWE pre-debut push took place with mysterious Mr. America promos airing for weeks during SmackDown!.[1] There was also on-screen discussion on SmackDown! between then General Manager Stephanie McMahon and other players concerning her hiring Mr. America "sight unseen".[1] On May 1, Mr. America debuted on SmackDown! on a Piper's Pit segment. McMahon appeared and claimed that Mr. America was Hogan in disguise; Mr. America shot back by saying, "I am not Hulk Hogan, brother!" (lampooning Hogan's use of "brother" in his promos).[1] The feud continued through the month of May, with a singles match between Mr. America and Hogan's old rival Roddy Piper at Judgment Day.[122]

Hogan performing his signature entrance during the Hulkamania Tour

Mr. America (2003)

On the July 4, 2002, episode of SmackDown!, Hogan teamed with Edge to defeat Billy and Chuck and capture the WWE World Tag Team Championship for the first time.[118] They celebrated by waving the American flag as the overjoyed audience sang along to Hogan's theme song "Real American". They later dropped the titles to The Un-Americans (Lance Storm and Christian), at Vengeance.[119] In August 2002, Hogan was used in an angle with Brock Lesnar, culminating in a main event singles match. Lesnar won by submission (the match was called after Hogan became unconscious from a bear hug hold). Lesnar became only the second WWE wrestler to defeat Hogan by submission (after Kurt Angle), and the first to defeat Hogan by having the match called. Following the match, Lesnar continued to beat on Hogan, leaving him bloody and unconscious in the ring. As a result of Lesnar's assault, Hogan went on hiatus and was not able to return until early 2003, shaving off his black beard and dropping "Hollywood" from his name in his return. He battled The Rock (who had turned heel) once again at No Way Out[120] and defeated Vince McMahon at WrestleMania XIX in a match billed as "20 years in the making".[121]

At No Way Out in 2002, Hogan returned to the company that had made him a pop culture icon.[4] Returning as leader of the original nWo with Scott Hall and Kevin Nash, the three got into a confrontation with The Rock[112] and cost Stone Cold Steve Austin a chance at becoming the Undisputed WWF Champion against Chris Jericho in the main event.[112] The nWo feuded with both Austin and The Rock, and Hogan accepted The Rock's challenge to a match at WrestleMania X8. At the event, Hogan asked Hall and Nash not to interfere, wanting to defeat The Rock by himself. Despite the fact that Hogan was supposed to be the heel in the match, the crowd cheered for him heavily. The Rock cleanly won the contest,[113] but befriended Hogan at the end of the bout and helped him fight off Hall and Nash, who were upset by Hogan's conciliatory attitude.[114] After the match, Hogan was a definite face again, siding with The Rock, though he continued wearing black and white tights for a few weeks after WrestleMania X8 until he resumed wearing his signature red and yellow tights. During this period, the "Hulk Rules" logo of the 1980s was redone with the text "Hulk Still Rules". Hogan wore the original "Hulk Rules" attire 12 years earlier, when he headlined WrestleMania VI at the same arena, in the SkyDome. For a time, he was still known as "Hollywood" Hulk Hogan, notably keeping the Hollywood Hogan style blond mustache with black beard while wearing Hulkamania-like red and yellow tights and using the "Voodoo Child" theme music he used in WCW. On April 4, Hogan feuded with Triple H and defeated him for the Undisputed WWF Championship and sixth and final WWF Championship at Backlash,[115][116] thus becoming the last ever WWF champion before the initials dispute against the World Wildlife Fund For Nature. On May 19 at Judgment Day, he lost the title to The Undertaker.[117] After losing a number one contender match for the Undisputed WWE Championship to Triple H on June 6, Hogan began feuding with Kurt Angle resulting in a match between the two at the King of the Ring, which Angle won by submission.

Undisputed WWF/E Champion (2002–2003)

Second return to WWF/E

In the months following the eventual demise of WCW in March 2001, Hogan underwent surgery on his knees in order for him to wrestle again. As a test, Hogan worked a match in Orlando, Florida for the Xcitement Wrestling Federation (XWF) promotion run by his longtime handler Jimmy Hart. Hogan defeated Curt Hennig in this match and felt healthy enough to accept an offer to return to the WWF in February 2002.[1]

Post-WCW endeavors (2001)

Since Hogan refused to job to Jeff Jarrett, a new WCW World Heavyweight Championship was created, setting the stage for a title match between Booker T and Jarrett later that night.[64] As a result, Hogan filed a defamation of character lawsuit against Russo soon after,[110] which was eventually dismissed in 2002. Russo claims the whole thing was a work, and Hogan claims that Russo made it a shoot.[111] Eric Bischoff agreed with Hogan's side of the story when he wrote that Hogan winning and leaving with the title was a work, and that he and Hogan celebrated after the event over the success of the angle, but that Russo coming out to fire Hogan was an unplanned shoot which led to the lawsuit filed by Hogan. It was the last time he was seen in WCW.[1][110]

Soon after his return in February 2000, at Bash at the Beach on July 9, Hogan was involved in a controversial work with Vince Russo. Hogan was scheduled to challenge Jeff Jarrett for the WCW World Heavyweight Championship.[109] Before the match, there was a backstage dispute between Hogan and Russo; Hogan wanted to take the title, but Russo was going to have Jarrett win, and lose it to Booker T. Russo told Hogan that he was going to have Jarrett lay down for him, simulating a conflict, although Jarrett wasn't told it was a work. When the bell rang, Jarrett laid down in the middle of the ring while Russo threw the WCW World Heavyweight Championship belt in the ring and yelled at Hogan from ringside to pin Jarrett. A visibly confused Hogan complied with a foot on Jarrett's chest after getting on the microphone and telling Russo, "Is this your idea, Russo? That's why this company is in the damn shape it's in, because of bullshit like this!". After winning and being announced as the new WCW World Heavyweight Champion, Hogan immediately took the WCW title. Moments later, Russo returned to the ring, angrily proclaiming, "I can guarantee you that this is the last time you will ever see that piece of shit in a WCW stadium!". This is also when the public discovered, through Russo, the "creative control" clause that Hogan had, which meant that Hogan was able to control what would happen with his own character and be able to do so without anyone else being able to tell him no. In his Bash at the Beach shoot promo, Russo said that he was arguing with Hogan all day prior to the event in the back because he wanted to use the clause in the Jarrett match, saying, "That means that, in the middle of this ring, when [Hogan] knew it was bullshit, he beats Jeff Jarrett!".

Hogan in 2000

On August 9, 1999, he started the night dressed in the typical black and white, but after a backstage scene with his son, Hogan came out dressed in the traditional red and yellow for his main-event 6-man tag team match. He then defeated Nash in a retirement match at Road Wild to retain his title. Injuries and frustrations were mounting up however, and he was absent from television from October 1999 to February 2000. In his book Hollywood Hulk Hogan, Bollea said that he was asked to take time off by newly hired head of creative booking Vince Russo and was not told when he would be brought back at the time. Despite some reservations, he agreed to do so. On October 24 at Halloween Havoc, Hogan was to face Sting for the WCW World Heavyweight Championship.[107] Hogan, however, came to the ring in street clothes, laid down for the pin, and left the ring.[108]

On the July 12 episode of Nitro, Hogan made his return as a full-fledged face and accepted an open challenge from Savage, who had gained the world title at Bash at the Beach the night before in a tag team match by pinning Kevin Nash. Thanks to interference from Nash, Hogan defeated Savage to win his sixth and final WCW World Heavyweight Championship.[106] Nash turned on him the next week, however, and the two began a feud that lasted until the next pay-per-view.

He then lost the title to Ric Flair at Uncensored in a Steel Cage First Blood match.[1][104] Later, Hogan was severely injured in a Texas tornado match for the world championship featuring him, Sting, Diamond Dallas Page, and Flair at Spring Stampede[105]

Conflicts with Vince Russo (1999–2000)

After some time off from WCW, Hogan returned on the January 4, 1999, episode of Nitro to challenge Kevin Nash for the WCW title. Hogan won the match for his fifth WCW World Heavyweight Championship, but many people found the title change to be "scandalous".[103] As a result, the warring factions of the nWo reunited into one group, which began feuding with Goldberg and The Four Horsemen.

On the Thanksgiving episode of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Hogan officially announced his retirement from professional wrestling, as well as his candidacy for President of the United States.[102] Campaign footage aired on Nitro of Hogan and Bischoff holding a press conference, making it appear legitimate. In the long run, however, both announcements were false and merely done as a publicity stunt attempting to draw some of the hype of Jesse Ventura's Minnesota gubernatorial win back to him.[102]

Hogan spent the rest of 1998 wrestling celebrity matches. His second tag team match with Dennis Rodman pitted them against Diamond Dallas Page and Karl Malone at Bash at the Beach[99] and at Road Wild, he and Eric Bischoff lost to Page and Jay Leno thanks to interference from Kevin Eubanks.[100] Hogan also had a critically panned rematch with The Warrior at Halloween Havoc, where his nephew Horace aided his victory.[101]

Hogan defended the title until July of that year, when WCW booked him in a match against newcomer and then WCW United States Heavyweight Champion Goldberg, who had yet to lose a match in the company. Late in the match, Hogan was distracted by Karl Malone, and Goldberg pinned Hogan to win the WCW World Heavyweight Championship.[98]

Hogan then developed a rivalry with former friend (and recent nWo recruit) Randy Savage, who had just cost Hogan the title match at SuperBrawl by hitting him with a spray can.[64] The feud culminated in a steel cage match at Uncensored, which ended in a no contest.[95] Savage took the WCW World Heavyweight Championship from Sting at Spring Stampede, while Hogan teamed with Kevin Nash to take on Roddy Piper and The Giant in the first-ever Bat match.[96] Hogan betrayed Nash by hitting him with the bat and then challenged Savage the following night for his championship.[89] In the no disqualification match for Savage's newly won title, Nash entered the ring and powerbombed Hogan as retribution for the attack the previous night. Bret Hart interfered moments later and jumped in to attack Savage and preserve the victory for Hogan, who won his fourth WCW World Heavyweight Championship.[97] However, Nash's attack on him signified a split of the nWo into two separate factions—Hogan's became nWo Hollywood and Nash's became nWo Wolfpac—that feuded with each other for the remainder of the year.

Hogan won his second WCW World Heavyweight Championship at Hog Wild defeating The Giant for the title.[89][90] He spray painted "nWo" across the title belt, scribbled across the nameplate, and referred to the title as the "nWo title".[90] Hogan then started a feud with Lex Luger after Luger and The Giant defeated Hogan and Dennis Rodman in a tag team match at Bash at the Beach.[85] On the August 4, 1997, episode of Nitro, Hogan lost the WCW title to Luger by submission.[91] Five days later, at Road Wild, Hogan defeated Luger to regain the WCW title.[92] Hogan then lost the title to Sting in a match at Starrcade.[93] In the match, WCW's newly contracted Bret Hart accused referee Nick Patrick of fast-counting a victory for Hogan and had the match restarted—with himself as referee.[64] Sting later won by submission.[64] After a rematch the following night, where Sting controversially retained the title, the WCW World Heavyweight Championship became vacant.[1] Sting then went on to win the vacant title against Hogan at SuperBrawl VIII.[94]

At Bash at the Beach in 1996, during a six-man tag team match pitting The Outsiders (Kevin Nash and Scott Hall) against WCW loyalists, Hogan interfered on behalf of Nash and Hall, attacking Randy Savage, thereby becoming a villainous character for the first time in nearly fifteen years.[88] After the match, Hogan delivered a promo, accosting the fans and WCW for under-appreciating his talent and drawing power, and announcing the formation of the New World Order (nWo).[88] The new stable gained prominence in the following weeks and months.[2][4][88][89] Hogan grew a beard alongside his famous mustache and dyed it black, traded his red and yellow garb in for black and white clothing, often detailed with lightning bolts, and renamed himself "Hollywood" Hulk Hogan (often shortened to Hollywood Hogan).[1][64]

New World Order (1996–1999)

In early 1996, Hogan continued his feud with The Giant,[86] before teaming with Randy Savage in a feud with the Alliance to End Hulkamania.[87] After coming out victorious from his feuds, Hogan began to only appear occasionally on WCW programming.

In June 1994, Hogan signed with Ted Turner's World Championship Wrestling (WCW) and began appearing on television the next month. He won the WCW World Heavyweight Championship in his debut match, defeating Ric Flair in a dream match at Bash at the Beach.[84] He held the title for the next fifteen months before dropping it to The Giant at Halloween Havoc via disqualification.[85] Following the controversial loss (which was due to a "contract clause"), the WCW title became vacant.

WCW World Heavyweight Champion (1994–1996)

World Championship Wrestling

On May 3, 1993, Hulk Hogan returned to NJPW as WWF Champion, defeating IWGP Heavyweight Champion The Great Muta in a dream match at Wrestling Dontaku 1993. Hogan wrestled against Muta again, under his real name, Keiji Mutoh on September 26, 1993. Hogan also wrestled The Hell Raisers with Muta and Masahiro Chono as his partners. His last match in Japan was on January 4, 1994, at Battlefield, when he defeated Tatsumi Fujinami.

Return to NJPW (1993–1994)

Hogan returned to the WWF in February 1993, helping out his friend Brutus Beefcake in his feud with Money Inc. ("The Million Dollar Man" Ted DiBiase and Irwin R. Schyster), and officially renaming themselves The Mega-Maniacs, taking on Money Inc.'s former manager "The Mouth of the South" Jimmy Hart (a long time friend of Hogan's outside of wrestling) as their manager in what was the first time WWF audiences had seen Hart as a face.[67] At WrestleMania IX, Hogan and Beefcake took on Money Inc. for the WWF Tag Team Championship. Hogan went into the match sporting a cut above a black eye. The WWF used Hogan's injury in a storyline that had DiBiase allegedly paying a group of thugs in a failed attempt to take Hogan out before WrestleMania.[67][81] Later that night, Hogan won his fifth WWF Championship by pinning Yokozuna only moments after Yokozuna had defeated Bret Hart.[81][82] McMahon then planned that Hogan and Bret Hart would eventually fight in a big match at Summerslam 1993 in which Hogan would drop the title to Hart. Hogan did not want to drop the title in a clean loss to Hart, due to Hart's size and doubts over whether he could draw. He opted to lose the title to the heel Yokozuna instead. At the first annual King of the Ring pay-per-view on June 13, 1993, Hogan defended the championship against the former champion, Yokozuna, in his first title defense since defeating Yokozuna at WrestleMania IX. Yokozuna kicked out of Hogan's signature leg drop and scored the pinfall after Hogan was blinded by a fireball shot by a "Japanese photographer" (actually a disguised Harvey Wippleman). This was Hogan's idea as he did not want Yokozuna to gain a clean victory over him. The victorious Yokozuna proceeded to give Hogan a Banzai Drop.[64][83] This was Hogan's last WWF pay-per-view appearance until 2002, as both he and Jimmy Hart were preparing to leave the promotion. Hogan continued his feud on the international house show circuit with Yokozuna until August 1993. After that, Hogan sat out the rest of his contract which expired later that year.

Brief comeback (1993)

At this time, news sources began to allege that Dr. George Zahorian, a doctor for the Pennsylvania State Athletic Commission, had been selling steroids illegally to wrestlers in general and Hogan in particular. Hogan appeared on an episode of The Arsenio Hall Show to deny the allegations. Due to intense public scrutiny, Hogan took a leave of absence from the company.[80]

The WWF Championship was decided at the 1992 Royal Rumble in the Royal Rumble match. Hogan failed to regain the championship as he was eliminated by friend Sid Justice and in turn caused Sid to be eliminated, leaving Ric Flair the winner and new champion.[77] Hogan and Sid patched things up and teamed together on the February 8, 1992 episode of Saturday Night's Main Event against Flair and Undertaker, but during the match Sid abandoned Hogan,[78] starting their feud. At WrestleMania VIII, Hogan defeated Sid via disqualification due to interference by Sid's manager Harvey Wippleman.[79] Hogan was then attacked by Papa Shango and was saved by the returning Ultimate Warrior.[79]

At WrestleMania VII, Hogan stood up for the USA against Sgt. Slaughter, defeating him for his third WWF Championship, and then defeating him again in the rematch at United Kingdom-only pay-per-vew UK Rampage at London Arena.[73] In the fall of 1991, Hogan was challenged by Ric Flair, the former NWA champion who recently arrived in the WWF. The feud remained unresolved, as Hogan lost the WWF title to The Undertaker at Survivor Series,[74] and he won it back at This Tuesday in Texas six days later.[75] Flair had interfered in both matches and due to the resulting controversy, the title was again declared vacant.[76]

Hogan soon became embroiled in a heated feud with the 468-pound Earthquake, who had crushed Hogan's ribs in a sneak attack on The Brother Love Show in May 1990. On television, announcers explained that Hogan's injuries and his WrestleMania VI loss to Warrior both took such a huge toll on his fighting spirit that he wanted to retire. Viewers were asked to write letters to Hogan and send postcards asking for his return (they got a postcard-sized picture in return, autographed by Hogan, as a "thank-you"). Hogan returned by SummerSlam and for several months, dominated Earthquake in a series of matches across the country.[71] His defeat of this overwhelmingly large foe caused Hogan to add a fourth demandment: believing in yourself. He also became known as "The Immortal" Hulk Hogan. Hogan then became the first wrestler to win two Royal Rumble matches in a row,[72] as he won the 1991 Royal Rumble match.[4][69][72]

During his second run, Hogan won the 1990 Royal Rumble match.[69] He dropped the title to Intercontinental Champion The Ultimate Warrior in a title versus title match at WrestleMania VI on April 1, 1990.[70]

Hogan making his way to the ring in 1989

Hogan's second run lasted a year, during which time he starred in the movie No Holds Barred. The film was the inspiration of a feud with Hogan's co-star Tom Lister, Jr., who appeared at wrestling events as his movie character, Zeus. Zeus was a monster heel who was "jealous" over Hogan's higher billing and wanted revenge. Hogan, however, was easily able to defeat Zeus in a series of matches across the country during late 1989, beginning with a tag team match at SummerSlam, in which Hogan and Brutus Beefcake topped Zeus and Savage.[66] Hogan and Zeus would later meet at the Survivor Series where the "Hulkamaniacs" faced the "Million Dollar Team". In the early part of the match, Hogan put Zeus over by hitting him with everything to no effect before Zeus then dominated Hogan until disqualified by referee Dave Hebner. Hogan and Beefcake then defeated Zeus and Savage in a rematch at the No Holds Barred pay-per-view to end the feud. Hogan also had defeated Savage to retain his WWF Championship in their WrestleMania rematch on October 10, 1989, at United Kingdom-only pay-per-view First WWF UK Event at London Arena.[67][68]

Further WWF Championship reigns (1989–1992)

The Mega Powers began to implode due to Savage's burgeoning jealousy of Hogan and his paranoid suspicions that Hogan and Elizabeth were more than friends. At the Royal Rumble in 1989, Hogan eliminated Savage from the Royal Rumble match while eliminating Bad News Brown, which caused tension, only to be eliminated by the Twin Towers himself.[64] The duo broke up while wrestling The Twin Towers on the February 3, 1989 episode of The Main Event. During the match, Savage accidentally collided with Miss Elizabeth. Hogan took her backstage to receive medical attention, temporarily abandoning Savage. When he returned to the ring, Savage slapped Hogan and left the ring, where Hogan eventually won the match by himself.[65] After the match, Savage attacked Hogan backstage, which started a feud between the two.[60] Their feud culminated in Hogan beating Savage for his second WWF Championship at WrestleMania V.[4][60]

In mid-1988, Hogan wrestled at house shows in singles competition with his "War Bonnet", a red and yellow gladiator helmet with a fist-shaped crest. This was notably used to give Bad News Brown his first WWF loss at a Madison Square Garden house show before it was discarded altogether.[62] The War Bonnet gimmick was revisited in the WWE's online comedy series Are You Serious? in 2012.[63]

Together, Hogan, Savage, and manager Miss Elizabeth formed a partnership known as The Mega Powers.[60] After Savage became WWF Champion at WrestleMania IV, they feuded with The Mega Bucks (Ted DiBiase and André the Giant) and defeated them at the main event of the first SummerSlam.[61] They then went on to feud with Slick's Twin Towers: Akeem and Big Boss Man.

Hogan remained WWF Champion for four years (1,474 days).[56] In front of 33 million viewers, however, Hogan finally lost the title to André on the February 5 episode of The Main Event after a convoluted scam involving "The Million Dollar Man" Ted DiBiase and Earl Hebner (who assumed the place of his twin brother Dave Hebner, the match's appointed referee).[57] After André delivered a belly to belly suplex on Hogan, Hebner counted the pin while Hogan's left shoulder was clearly off the mat.[4] After the match, André handed the title over to DiBiase to complete their business deal.[57] As a result, the WWF Championship was vacated for the first time in its 25-year history because WWF President Jack Tunney decreed the championship could not be sold from one wrestler to another.[57] At WrestleMania IV, Hogan participated in a tournament for the vacant WWF title to regain it; he and André were given a bye into quarter-finals, but their match resulted in a double disqualification.[58] Later that night in the main event, Hogan came to ringside to stop André interfering which helped "Macho Man" Randy Savage defeat Ted DiBiase to win the title.[59]

Miss Elizabeth, who managed Hogan as part of The Mega Powers storyline with her husband Randy Savage

The Mega Powers (1988–1989)

In the fall of 1986, Hogan occasionally wrestled in tag matches with The Machines as Hulk Machine under a mask copied from New Japan Pro Wrestling gimmick "Super Strong Machine".[1][49] At WrestleMania III in 1987, Hogan was booked to defend the title against André the Giant, who had been the sport's premier star and was pushed as undefeated for the previous two decades. A new storyline was introduced in early 1987; Hogan was presented a trophy for being the WWF Champion for three consecutive years.[50] André the Giant, a good friend came out to congratulate him.[51] Shortly afterward, André was presented a slightly smaller trophy for being "undefeated in the WWF for 15 years".[50] Hogan came out to congratulate André, who walked out in the midst of Hogan's speech. Then, on an edition of Piper's Pit, Hogan was confronted by Bobby Heenan, who announced that André was his new protégé, and Andre challenged Hogan to a title match at WrestleMania III.[51][52][53][54] At WrestleMania III, Hogan successfully defended the WWF World Heavyweight Championship against André the Giant. During the match, Hogan bodyslammed the 520-pound Frenchman (which was dubbed "the bodyslam heard around the world") and won the match after a leg drop.[52][55]

On the October 5, 1985 episode of Saturday Night's Main Event, he successfully defended the title against Nikolai Volkoff in a flag match.[42] He met long-time rival Roddy Piper in a WWF title match at the Wrestling Classic pay-per-view (PPV) event. Hogan retained the title by disqualification after Bob Orton interfered and hit Hogan with his cast.[43] Hogan had many challengers in the way as the new year began. Throughout 1986, Hogan made successful title defenses against challengers such as Terry Funk,[44] Don Muraco,[45] King Kong Bundy (in a steel cage match at WrestleMania 2),[46] Paul Orndorff,[47] and Hercules Hernandez.[48]

International renown (1985–1988)

Hogan was named the most requested celebrity of the 1980s for the Make-a-Wish Foundation children's charity. He was featured on the covers of Sports Illustrated (the first and as of 2013, only professional wrestler to do so), TV Guide, and People magazines, while also appearing on The Tonight Show and having his own CBS Saturday morning cartoon titled Hulk Hogan's Rock 'n' Wrestling. Hogan, as the premier WWF icon, headlined eight of the first nine WrestleMania events. He also co-hosted Saturday Night Live on March 30, 1985 during this lucrative run. AT&T reported that the 900 number information line he ran while with the WWF was the single biggest 900 number from 1991 to 1993.[40] Hogan continued to run a 900 number after joining World Championship Wrestling.[41]

Over the next year, Hulk Hogan became the face of pro wrestling as McMahon pushed the WWF into a pop culture enterprise with The Rock 'n' Wrestling Connection on MTV, drawing record houses, pay-per-view buyrates, and television ratings in the process. The centerpiece attraction for the first WrestleMania on March 31, 1985, Hogan teamed with legit friend, TV and movie star Mr. T, to defeat his archrival "Rowdy" Roddy Piper and "Mr Wonderful" Paul Orndorff.[2][38] On the first episode of Saturday Night's Main Event, Hogan successfully defended the WWF title against Cowboy Bob Orton in a match which Hogan won by a disqualification (Orton had been in the corner of Piper and Orndorff at WrestleMania and had accidentally caused his team's defeat by knocking out Orndorff after he jumped from the top turnbuckle and hit him in the back of the head with his arm cast in a shot meant for Hogan).[39]

Immediately after the title win, commentator Gorilla Monsoon proclaimed "Hulkamania is here!". Hogan frequently referred to his fans as "Hulkamaniacs" in his interviews and introduced his three "demandments": training, saying prayers, and eating vitamins. Eventually, a fourth demandment (believing in oneself) was added during his feud with Earthquake in 1990. Hogan's ring gear developed a characteristic yellow-and-red color scheme; his ring entrances involved him Ritualistically ripping his shirt off his body, flexing, and listening for audience cheers in an exaggerated manner. The majority of Hogan's matches during this time involved him wrestling heels who had been booked as unstoppable monsters, using a format which became near-routine: Hogan would deliver steady offense, but eventually lose momentum, seemingly nearing defeat. After being hit with his opponent's finishing move, he would then experience a sudden second wind, fighting back while "feeding" off the energy of the audience, becoming impervious to attack—a process described as "Hulking up". His signature maneuvers—pointing at the opponent (which would later be accompanied by a loud "you!" from the audience), shaking his finger to scold him, three punches, an Irish whip, the big boot and running leg drop—would follow and ensure him a victory. That finishing sequence would occasionally change depending on the storyline and opponent; for instance, with "giant" wrestlers, the sequence might involve a body slam.

On the January 7, 1984, episode of Championship Wrestling, Hogan confirmed his face status for the WWF fans by saving Bob Backlund from a three-way assault by The Wild Samoans.[35] Hogan's turn was explained simply by Backlund: "He's changed his ways. He's a great man. He's told me he's not gonna have Blassie around". The storyline shortcut was necessary because less than three weeks later on January 23, Hogan won his first WWF World Heavyweight Championship, pinning The Iron Sheik (who had Blassie in his corner) in Madison Square Garden.[2][36] The storyline accompanying the victory was that Hogan was a "last minute" replacement for the Sheik's original opponent Bob Backlund,[4] and became the champion by way of being the first man to escape the camel clutch (the Iron Sheik's finishing move).[37] The backstage story was that then champion Bob Backlund had refused to let Hogan win the title from him, demanding that any wrestler to whom he lost the belt have a legitimate wrestling background. As a consequence, The Iron Sheik won the title from Backlund first and then dropped it to Hogan. This was mostly made however, to not make two faces (Backlund was a face at the time) face each other.

After purchasing the company from his father in 1982, Vincent K. McMahon had plans to expand the territory into a nationwide promotion, and he handpicked Hulk Hogan to be the company's showpiece attraction due to his charisma and name recognition. Hogan made his return at a television taping in St. Louis, Missouri on December 27, 1983 defeating Bill Dixon.[34]

The crowning of Hulkamania (1983–1984)

Return to WWF

After filming his scene for Rocky III against the elder McMahon's wishes, Hogan made his debut in the American Wrestling Association (AWA), owned by Verne Gagne. Hogan started his AWA run as a heel, taking on "Luscious" Johnny Valiant as his manager. This didn't last for long as the AWA fans fell in love with Hogan's presence and Hogan became the top face of the AWA, battling the Heenan Family and Nick Bockwinkel.

American Wrestling Association (1981–1983)

In 1980, Hogan began appearing in New Japan Pro Wrestling (NJPW) where Japanese wrestling fans nicknamed him "Ichiban" (which translates to "Number One"). Hogan first appeared on May 13, 1980, while he was still with the WWF. He occasionally toured the country over the next few years, facing a wide variety of opponents ranging from Tatsumi Fujinami to Abdullah the Butcher. When competing in Japan, Hogan used a vastly different repertoire of wrestling moves, relying on more technical, traditional wrestling holds and maneuvers as opposed to the power-based, brawling style American fans became accustomed to seeing from him. In addition, Hogan used the Axe Bomber, a crooked arm lariat, as his finisher in Japan instead of the running leg drop that has been his standard finisher in America. Hogan still made appearances for the WWF, even unsuccessfully challenging Pedro Morales for the Intercontinental Championship on March 26, 1981.[32] On June 2, 1983, Hogan became the first International Wrestling Grand Prix (IWGP) tournament winner (although he held the IWGP Heavyweight Championship belt, this was not the beginning of the actual championship), defeating Antonio Inoki by knockout in the finals of a 10-man tournament.[33] Hogan and Inoki also worked as partners in Japan, winning the MSG Tag League tournament two years in a row: in 1982 and 1983. In 1984, Hogan returned to NJPW to wrestle Inoki in the finals of the IWGP League, in which he lost the belt by countout, thanks to interference from Riki Choshu. Hogan also defended his WWF World Heavyweight Championship against Inoki, Seiji Sakaguchi, and Tatsumi Fujinami among others, until the WWF ended their relationship with New Japan in October 1985.

New Japan Pro Wrestling (1980–1985)

Later that year, former NWA World Heavyweight Champion Terry Funk introduced Bollea to the company head Vincent J. McMahon, who was impressed with his charisma and physical stature. McMahon, who wanted to use an Irish name, gave Bollea the last name Hogan, and also wanted him to dye his hair red. Hogan claims his hair was already beginning to fall out by that time, and he refused to dye it, simply replying, "I'll be a blond Irish".[28] Hogan wrestled his first match in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) on November 17 defeating Harry Valdez on Championship Wrestling. He made his first appearance at Madison Square Garden, defeating Ted DiBiase after a bearhug. McMahon gave Hogan former tag team champion Tony Altomare as chaperone and guide.[29] At this time, Hogan wrestled Bob Backlund for the World Championship,[30] and he started his first big feud with André the Giant, which culminated in a match with André at Shea Stadium in August 1980.[31] Hulk Hogan claims in his autobiography that he and André the Giant were the reason for the Shea gate. However, Bruno Sammartino/Larry Zbyszko sold out everywhere they wrestled leading up the show. Hogan and Andre wrestled in White Plains, New York, drawing 1,200 in a building that held 3,500 as the main event before they wrestled at Shea. During his initial heel run in the WWF, Hogan was paired with "Classy" Freddie Blassie, a wrestler-turned-manager.

World Wrestling Federation (1979–1980)

In May 1979, Bollea had an early shot at the Georgia Championship Wrestling (GCW) territory from September thru December 1979 as Sterling Golden.

During his time in Memphis, Hogan appeared on a local talk show, where he sat beside Lou Ferrigno, star of the television series The Incredible Hulk.[26] The host commented on how Terry, who stood 6 ft 7 in (201 cm) and weighed 295 pounds with 24 inch biceps, actually dwarfed "The Hulk". Watching the show backstage, Mary Jarrett noticed that Hogan was actually bigger than Ferrigno, who was well known at the time for having large muscles.[27] As a result, Bollea began performing as Terry "The Hulk" Boulder[27] and sometimes wrestled as Sterling Golden.[2]

In Alabama, Bollea and Leslie wrestled as Terry and Ed Boulder, known as the Boulder Brothers.[24] These early matches as a tag team with the surname Boulder being used by both men prompted a rumor among wrestling fans unaware of the inner workings of the sport that Hogan and Leslie were brothers,[24] as few people actually knew their real names outside of immediate friends, family, and of course the various promoters the two worked for. After wrestling a show for Continental Wrestling Association (CWA) in Memphis,[25] Jerry Jarrett, the promoter for the (CWA), approached Hogan and Leslie and offered them a job in his promotion for $800.00 a week;[25] this was far more than the $175.00 a week they would make working for Tillet.[25] Hogan and Leslie accepted this offer and left Tillet's territory.[25]

Soon after, Hogan's friend Ed Leslie (later known as Brutus Beefcake) came to Cocoa Beach to help Hogan and Bridges manage both the Anchor Club and the Whitey and Terry's Olympic Gym.[22] On his spare time, he and Leslie worked out in the gym together,[22] and eventually, Beefcake developed a muscular physique;[23] Hogan was impressed by Beefcake's physical stature and became convinced that the two of them should wrestle together as tag team partners.[23] Depressed and yearning to return to wrestling,[23] Hogan called Superstar Billy Graham in 1978 with hopes that Graham could find him a job wrestling outside of Florida;[23] Graham agreed and Hogan soon joined Louie Tillet's Alabama territory.[23] Hogan also convinced Leslie, who had yet to become a wrestler,[23] to come with him and promised to teach him everything he knew about the sport.[23]

Hogan eventually could no longer work with Hiro Matsuda, whom he felt was an overbearing trainer,and left Championship Wrestling from Florida.[22] After declining an offer to wrestle for the Kansas City circuit,[22] Hogan took a hiatus from wrestling and managed The Anchor club, a private club in Cocoa Beach, Florida, for a man named Whitey Bridges.[22] Eventually, Whitey and Hogan became close friends, and decided to open a gym together;[22] the gym became known as Whitey and Terry's Olympic gym.[22]

In the mid-1977, after training for more than a year with Matsuda, the Brisco brothers dropped by Matsuda's gym to see Hogan.[19] During this visit, Jack Brisco handed Hogan a pair of wrestling boots and informed him that he was scheduled to wrestle his first match the following week.[19] In his professional wrestling debut, Eddie Graham booked him against Brian Blair in Fort Myers, Florida on August 10, 1977, in Championship Wrestling from Florida (CWF).[20][21] A short time later, Bollea donned a mask and assumed the persona of "The Super Destroyer", a hooded character first played by Don Jardine and subsequently used by other wrestlers.

Early years (1977–1979)

Professional wrestling career

During his spare time, Hogan worked out at Hector's Gym in the Tampa Bay area, where he began lifting.[15] Many of the wrestlers who were competing in the Florida region visited the bars where Ruckus was performing.[12] Among those attending his performances were Jack and Gerald Brisco,[12] two brothers who wrestled together as a tag team in the Florida region. Impressed by Hogan's physical stature, the Brisco brothers asked Hiro Matsuda—the man who trained wrestlers working for Championship Wrestling from Florida (CWF)—to make him a potential trainee.[16] In 1976, the two brothers asked Hogan to try wrestling. Having been a wrestling fan since childhood,[12] Hogan eventually agreed.[17] At first, however, Mike Graham, the son of CWF promoter Eddie Graham, refused to put Hogan in the ring;[18] according to Hogan, he met Graham while in high school and the two did not get along.[18] However, after Hogan quit Ruckus and started telling people in town that he was going to be a wrestler,[18] Graham finally agreed to accept the Brisco Brothers' request.

Hogan was also a musician, spending ten years playing fretless bass guitar in several Florida-based rock bands.[2] He went on to study at Hillsborough Community College and the University of South Florida. After music gigs began to get in the way of his time in college, Hogan decided to drop out of the University of South Florida before receiving a degree.[13] Eventually, Hogan and two local musicians formed a band called Ruckus in 1976.[14] The band soon became popular in the Tampa Bay region.[14]

As a boy, he was a pitcher in Little League Baseball. He attracted scouts from the New York Yankees and the Cincinnati Reds, but an injury ended his baseball career. He began watching professional wrestling at 16 years old. While in high school, he revered Dusty Rhodes,[12] and he regularly attended cards at the Tampa Sportatorium. It was at one of those wrestling cards where he first turned his attention towards Superstar Billy Graham and looked to him for inspiration;[12] since he first saw Graham on TV,[12] Hogan wanted to match his "inhuman" look.[12]

[11].Port Tampa, Florida When he was one and a half years old, his family moved to [10] heritage.Panamanian, and French, Italian He has [9] the son of Ruth V. (née Moody), a homemaker and dance teacher, and Pietro "Peter" Bollea, a construction foreman.[1]

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