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Title: Ilkhchi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ilkhchi District, East Azerbaijan Province, Cities in East Azerbaijan Province, Central District (Osku County), Zahhak Castle
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Ilkhchi is located in Iran
Country  Iran
Province East Azerbaijan
County Osku
Bakhsh Ilkhchi
Population (2006)
 • Total 13,927
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Ilkhchi (Persian: ایلخچی‎‎, also Romanized as Īlkhchī; Azerbaijani: Ilxıçı)[1] is a town in and the capital of Ilkhchi District, in Osku County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. According to year 2006 nation-wide census, its population has been reported approximately 13,927 people and 4,014 families.[2]


  • Etymology 1
  • Geographical Location 2
  • Language 3
  • Religion 4
  • Economy 5
  • References 6


The name Ilkhchi (also spelled as Ilkhichi and Ilkhechi) is a Turkic word consisting of two parts: 1-"Ilkhi" meaning wild horse, and 2-"chi" which is a grammatical suffix meaning "attributed to". Altogether, the complete name means horse tamer. That itself attests to the fact that in ancient eras this town was a place for horse domestication by Turkic residents. Similar variants of the words Ilkhichi or Ilkhi can be seen among other Turkic languages: For example Yılkı and Yılkıcı in Turkish, or жылқы in Kazakh Language which is equivalent to Ilkhi.

Geographical Location

Ilkhchi is located at the south east of Tabriz, the capital city of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran.


Like many other places located in Azerbaijani provinces, the mother tongue of the residents is Azerbaijani, a western Turkic language that belongs to the branch that also includes Turkish.


Almost the entire population of the town are Muslim and more specifically, they are mostly followers of the Alevi sect of Islam.


The main economic and occupational activities of the residents revolve around agriculture. The town's iconic statue of a giant onion has become a memorable symbol emphasizing the intertwined old history of Ilkhichi with agriculture.


  1. ^ Ilkhchi can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "10078592" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)".  
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