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Inguinal triangle

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Title: Inguinal triangle  
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Subject: Medial inguinal fossa, Abdomen, Inguinal, Corrugator cutis ani muscle, Fascia of Camper
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Inguinal triangle

Inguinal triangle
Internal view of right inguinal area of the male pelvis.

Inguinal triangle is labeled in green. The three surrounding structures:
inferior epigastric vessels: Run from upper left to center.
inguinal ligament: Runs from upper right to bottom left.
rectus abdominis muscle: Runs from upper left to bottom left, labeled rectus at upper left.
External view.

Inguinal triangle is labeled in green. Borders:
inferior epigastric artery and vein: labeled at center left, and run from upper right to bottom center.
inguinal ligament: not labeled on diagram, but runs a similar path to the inguinal aponeurotic falx, labeled at bottom.
rectus abdominis muscle: runs from upper left to bottom left.
Latin trigonum inguinale
Anatomical terminology

In human anatomy, the inguinal triangle is a region of the abdominal wall. It is also known by the eponym Hesselbach's triangle, after Franz Kaspar Hesselbach.[1]


  • Boundaries 1
  • Clinical significance 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


It is defined by the following structures:[2]

This can be remembered by the mnemonic RIP (as direct inguinal hernias rip directly through the abdominal wall).

Clinical significance

The inguinal triangle contains a depression referred to as the medial inguinal fossa, through which direct inguinal hernias protrude through the abdominal wall.[3]

See also


  1. ^ synd/3216 at Who Named It?
  2. ^ Courtney M. Townsend, Jr., MD, R. Daniel Beauchamp, MD, B. Mark Evers, MD and Kenneth L. Mattox, MD (2008). "Ch.43". Sabiston Textbook of Surgery (18th ed.). Elsevier.  
  3. ^ MedNote. Red Anatomy. URL: Accessed December 15, 2005.

External links

  • Anatomy image:7110 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - superior border
  • Anatomy image:7111 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - medial border
  • Anatomy image:7112 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - inferior border

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