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Internal sphincter muscle of urethra

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Title: Internal sphincter muscle of urethra  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Urethra, Urethral sphincter, Medullary interstitium, External sphincter muscle of female urethra, Ureteropelvic junction
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Internal sphincter muscle of urethra

Internal sphincter muscle of urethra
Coronal section of anterior part of pelvis, through the pubic arch. Seen from in front. (Region visible, but muscle not labeled.)
Urinary bladder (Region visible, but muscle not labeled.)
Latin Musculus sphincter urethrae internus
The inferior ramus of the pubic bone
Perineal raphe
Sympathetics from L1-L2 through lumbar splanchnic nerves and inferior hypogastric plexus
Actions Sympathetic contracts and parasympathetic relaxes the muscle
Anatomical terms of muscle

The internal sphincter muscle of urethra is a urethral sphincter muscle which constricts the internal urethral orifice. It is the junction of the urethra with the urinary bladder. The muscle is made of smooth muscle, so therefore it is under involuntary control. It is kept tonically contracted by Lumbar plexus of the sympathetic nervous system.


During micturition it is relaxed via branches from the pelvic plexus (S2-S4) parasympathetic nervous system. This is the primary muscle for maintenance of continence of urine. Its two major roles are:

  1. Prevent urine leakage as the muscle is contracted via sympathetic stimulation (via the Inferior hypogastric plexus).
  2. During ejaculation, the contraction of the muscle prevents reflux of semen in the urinary bladder.

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