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International Commission of Control

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Title: International Commission of Control  
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Subject: Peasant Revolt in Albania, Ismail Qemali, International Gendarmerie, History of Albania, Republic of Central Albania
Collection: 1913 in Albania, History of Modern Albania
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International Commission of Control

The International Commission of Control (Albanian: Komisioni Ndërkombëtar i Kontrollit) was the commission established on October 15, 1913, on the basis of the decision by the six Great Powers made on July 29, 1913, according to the London Treaty signed on May 30, 1913. Its goal was to take care of the administration of newly established Albania until its own political institutions were in order.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Members of the commission 2
  • Administration 3
  • Protocol of Corfu 4
  • The end of administration 5
  • References 6

History

The Headquarters of the International Commission of Control was in Vlorë.[2] The Great Powers authorized the commission to assume the administration of the country.[3]

Members of the commission

The Great Powers established the Commission of Control composed of the representatives of each Great Power and one Albanian.[4]

Members of the commission were:[5]

When Prince Wilhelm of Wied took control over the Principality of Albania in March 1914, the Albanian representative (Libohova) was replaced by Mehdi Frashëri on March 17, 1914.[6] After that change, all the other members of the commission remained in their positions until September 9, 1914, except the representative of the Austria-Hungary who resigned his position before May 25, 1914.

Administration

Picture of the negotiations that lead to the Protocol of Corfu between the International Commission of Control and Northern Epirote representatives.

After gradually assuming the administration of the country in 1914, the International Commission prepared a draft of the constitution (National Assembly with power of legislation in Albania which was designed as hereditary constitutional monarchy.[7]

According to the Ottoman Empire suzerainty.[8] It would be partitioned into seven administrative districts, each of them would choose three representatives for the national assembly by direct suffrage.

The prince would nominate ten representatives and the heads of all three religions (Islam, Orthodox and Catholic) would also be represented in the national assembly, which would have a four-year term. The Council of Ministers, with executive powers, would be appointed by the prince.[9]

Protocol of Corfu

On May 17, after the Greeks living in southern Albania declared the Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus, the Commission intervened in order to avoid escalation of the conflicts. As a result, the Protocol of Corfu was signed, which recognized the autonomous status of Albania's southern provinces, which consisted of Northern Epirus. Moreover, the execution and maintenance of this agreement was entrusted to the Commission.[10]

The end of administration

With Albania in a state of civil war from July 1914, Greece occupying the south of the country, the great powers at war with one another, the regime collapsed and Prince William left the country on 3 September 1914 originally heading to Venice.[11] Despite leaving Albania he did so insisting that he remained head of state.[12] In his proclamation he informed the people that "he deemed it necessary to absent himself temporarily.”[13] The prince handed over the government to the International Commission of Control which soon, after only three days, dispersed.[14]

References

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