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Interstate 15

Interstate 15 marker

Interstate 15
Route information
Length: 1,433.52 mi[1] (2,307.03 km)
Existed: 1957 – present
Major junctions
South end: I‑8 / SR 15 in San Diego, CA
  I-10 in Ontario, CA
I-40 in Barstow, CA
I-515 in Las Vegas, NV
I-70 near Cove Fort, UT
I-80 in South Salt Lake, UT
I‑84 Riverdale to Tremonton, UT
I-86 in Chubbuck, ID
I-90 near Butte, MT
North end: Hwy 4 at Canadian border at Sweet Grass, MT
Highway system

Interstate 15 (I-15) is a major Salt Lake City, Pocatello and Butte. It also passes close to the urban areas of Orange County, California, Los Angeles County, California, Ogden, Utah, and Helena, Montana.

The stretches of Interstate 15 in Idaho, Utah, and Arizona have been designated as the "Veterans Memorial Highway".[2]

Since the creation of Interstate 15, it has served as a long-haul route for North American commerce. It is now officially chartered for this purpose. From the junction of Interstate 515 in Las Vegas to the Canadian border, I-15 forms part of the CANAMEX Corridor, a High Priority Corridor, as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement.[3]

Local portions were built to connect the Inland Empire with San Diego in California, facilitate tourism access to Las Vegas, interconnect all of the Metropolitan Statistical Areas in Utah except for Logan, and provide freeway bypasses for Pocatello, Idaho Falls, and Great Falls.

Since the construction of Interstate 15, California, Nevada, and Utah have consistently ranked in the fastest-growing areas of the United States. As a result, the route of I-15 has substantially increased in population and commuter traffic has increased the traffic burden on the freeway. Current population estimates are that more than 75 percent of the population of Utah,[4] 19 percent of the population of California, and more than 70 percent of the population of Nevada live in counties where Interstate 15 is the primary Interstate Highway.

Similarly, in California, Interstate 15 is seeing more commuter traffic due to the growth of the Mojave Desert communities of Hesperia and Barstow. In Utah, I-15 has been near-constantly upgraded in the Wasatch Front, and future plans released by the Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) indicate that this will continue in the north and the far south of the state as well, due to the extremely rapid growth of Washington County and surrounding areas. In like manner, Las Vegas in Nevada has seen growth along I-15, and in all of the states that it currently serves, it has recently been or is currently in the process of being upgraded to increase capacity and efficiency.[5][6][7] The portions in Arizona, Idaho and Montana have retained their rural, long-haul character. Although Arizona has also grown substantially since the construction of I-15, this highway serves only the isolated corner of northwestern Arizona.

Due to this rapid area growth, the I-15 corridor is the focus of several mass transit projects. The Las Vegas Monorail, FrontRunner commuter rail system and TRAX light rail in Salt Lake City are mass transit lines loosely parallel to I-15 that are now in operation. Between Los Angeles and Las Vegas has long been proposed as a maglev train route; in 2004 the California-Nevada Interstate Maglev project held public meetings on the plan.[8]

Contents

  • Route description 1
    • California 1.1
    • Nevada 1.2
    • Arizona 1.3
    • Utah 1.4
    • Idaho 1.5
    • Montana 1.6
  • History 2
  • Junction list 3
  • Auxiliary routes 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7
    • California 7.1
    • Arizona 7.2

Route description

Lengths
  mi km
CA 287.26[1] 462.30
NV 123.77[1] 199.19
AZ 29.39[1] 47.30
UT 401.07[1] 645.46
ID 196.00[1] 315.43
MT 396.03[1] 637.35
Total 1,433.52[1] 2,307.03

This highway's southern terminus is in San Diego, California, at Interstate 8, although via California State Route 15, a southern extension of the freeway, the route connects to Interstate 5 just north of the Mexican border.[9] The northern terminus is in Sweet Grass, Montana, at the international border between the United States and Canada, where it becomes Alberta Highway 4. It is 1,433 miles (2,306 km) long from San Diego to Sweet Grass.

California

Northbound I-15 makes a steep descent from the Mountain Pass into the Ivanpah Valley, CA

North of its junction with the Riverside Freeway, State Route 91, in the Inland Empire near Corona, the route roughly follows the former routes of State Route 31. North of Devore, the highway follows the approximate alignment of historic U.S. Highway 66 along with U.S. Highway 91 and U.S. Highway 395. U.S. 395 breaks away at Hesperia and the route continues on a direct path to Barstow 35 miles (56 km) to the north. Meanwhile, the old alignments of U.S. 91 and U.S. 66 follow the Mojave River from Victorville to Barstow along the National Trails Highway. At that point, I-15 follows the old route of U.S. 91 exclusively as U.S. 66 turned east toward Needles. For many parts of the highway, high-voltage power lines, such as Path 46 and Path 27, almost all originating from the Hoover Dam, follow the freeway. Many of these link distant power stations to the Los Angeles metropolitan area.

The southern starting point of Interstate 15 was in 1947 planned to be in San Bernardino, at the interchange with the San Bernardino Freeway (then US 70/99, now I-10). This was logical as I-15 was following the old alignment of the historic Route 66 which passed through San Bernardino. The segment was completed accordingly.

But in 1964, legislation was later passed to extend the interstate to San Diego. But instead of extending the existing freeway from the I-10 interchange south, the California Department of Transportation drew a new segment in Devore that "branched" off of the original alignment and bypassed San Bernardino altogether. This segment's alignment is generally northeast to southwest for about 15 miles (24 km). Then, in Fontana/Rancho Cucamonga, its directional alignment shifts to north–south where it eventually junctions with Interstate 10 (about 15 miles (24 km) west of the original interchange in San Bernardino). The segment that had been built from Devore to San Bernardino was retained as an interstate, but was re-numbered as Interstate 215. Note that during the construction of I-15's present alignment, and for some time afterwards, I-215 was numbered as I-15E, and its actual mileage would begin at Interstate 10. I-15 runs for a total of 287 miles (462 km) in California.

Nevada

A mileage sign on I-15 northbound just past SR 146 in the Las Vegas Valley

Interstate 15 begins in Primm and continues through Las Vegas along the Las Vegas Strip corridor. Then the interstate crosses the border with Arizona in Mesquite. The interstate in Nevada runs entirely in Clark County, for a distance of 123.8 miles (199 km).

Arizona

I-15 passes through the Virgin River Gorge, Arizona revealing scenic reddish brown cliffs.

I-15 passes through the Virgin River Gorge.

Utah

I-15 in Salt Lake City

I-15 continues through Great Basin, Colorado Plateau and Mojave Desert converge.

Idaho

Monida Pass, Clark County, Idaho is traversed by I-15

I-15 passes through Idaho for 196 miles (315 km). Interstate 15 crosses the Utah state line in Oneida County. The highway runs through Pocatello, Blackfoot, and Idaho Falls, intersecting with Interstate 86. The last county in Idaho that Interstate 15 passes through is Clark County. Finally, the interstate reaches the Montana state line at Monida Pass.

Montana

I-15 (foreground left to right) goes through the city of Great Falls, MT

Interstate 15 continues onward through 396 miles (637 km) of Montana through the cities of Butte, Helena and Great Falls, intersecting with Interstate 90, Interstate 115 and Interstate 315. At Sweet Grass, I-15 terminates upon crossing the Canadian border into the province of Alberta; however, I-15 signage is present on Alberta Highway 4 southbound from Lethbridge to the U.S.-Canada border.

History

Interstate 15 was constructed along the route of U.S. Route 91. Once Interstate 15 was relatively intact U.S. 91 was decommissioned, except for one part in Northern Utah/Southern Idaho where Interstate 15 instead followed the route of former U.S. Route 191.

Interstate 15 originally had two suffixed routes. In California, Interstate 15 had an eastern branch bypassing San Bernardino, which was designated Interstate 15E. I-15E was renumbered and is now Interstate 215. Present day routing of Interstate 15 in California was originally given "I-15W" as its title while it was under construction (the original asphalt portions from Temescal Canyon to Ontario Street were dubbed I-15W on maps until 1974), but was never officially signed as such .[11] In Idaho, I-15 had a western branch near Pocatello that connected I-15 and I-84 (then I-80N). This highway was designated Interstate 15W. It is now the western I-86.[12]

Junction list

California
32nd Street and Norman Scott Road in Barrio Logan, San Diego (future interchange)
I-5 on the Barrio Logan–SouthcrestLogan Heights, San Diego neighborhood line (future interchange)
I-805 on the North ParkCity Heights, San Diego neighborhood line (future interchange)
I-8 on the Mission Valley EastGrantville, San Diego neighborhood line
I-215 in Murrieta
I-10 in Ontario
I-215 in San Bernardino
US 395 in Hesperia
I-40 in Barstow
Nevada
I-215 in Enterprise
I-515 / US 93 / US 95 in Las Vegas. I-15/US 93 travels concurrently to northeast of North Las Vegas.
Arizona
No major intersections
Utah
I-70 south-southwest of Cove Fort
US 50 north-northeast of Holden. The highways travel concurrently to Scipio.
US 6 in Santaquin. The highways travel concurrently to Spanish Fork.
US 189 in Provo
US 89 in Lehi. The highways travel concurrently to Draper.
I-215 in Murray
I-80 in South Salt Lake. The highways travel concurrently to Salt Lake City.
US 89 in Salt Lake City
US 89 in North Salt Lake
I-215 in North Salt Lake
US 89 on the West BountifulBountiful city line. The highways travel concurrently to Farmington.
I-84 in Riverdale. The highways travel concurrently to Tremonton.
US 91 on the PerryBrigham City city line.
Idaho
US 91 north-northwest of Virginia. The highways travel concurrently to Pocatello.
US 30 northwest of McCammon. The highways travel concurrently to Pocatello.
I-86 in Chubbuck
US 91 southwest of Blackfoot
US 26 in Blackfoot. The highways travel concurrently to Idaho Falls.
US 20 in Idaho Falls. The highways travel concurrently through Idaho Falls.
Montana
I-90 in Butte. The highways travel concurrently through Butte.
I-115 in Butte
US 12 / US 287 in Helena. I-15/US 287 travels concurrently to northeast of Wolf Creek.
I-315 / US 89 in Great Falls. I-15/US 89 travels concurrently to northeast of Vaughn.
US 2 in Shelby
Hwy 4 at the Canada–United States border east-northeast of Sweet Grass

Auxiliary routes

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Arizona Department of Transportation Project 015 MO 000 H577901C, sheet 73 of 103 - revised May 2005
  11. ^
  12. ^

External links

  • [1]
  • 2005 Rand McNally "The Road Atlas 2005" - newest feature- interstate mileage by state

California

  • California Highways: SR 15
  • Cal-NExUS: Route 15 North
  • Cal-NExUS: Route 15 South

Arizona

  • I-15 Completed December 14, 1973
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