World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Islam in London

Article Id: WHEBN0011417469
Reproduction Date:

Title: Islam in London  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Islam in England, Religion in London, East London Mosque, North London Central Mosque, Turkish community of London
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Islam in London

Angled view of the East London Mosque from Whitechapel Road.

Islam is London's largest minority religion. There were 607,083 Muslims reported in the 2001 census in the Greater London area.[1] Many Muslims are concentrated in London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

In the 2011 census Office for National Statistics, the proportion of Muslims in London had risen to 12.4% of the population (40% of England's Muslims). In Newham and Tower Hamlets, the percentages of Muslims were over 30%.


  • History 1
    • 21st century 1.1
  • Ethnic background 2
  • Most spoken languages 3
  • Boroughs 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


The Fazl Mosque in Southfields, the first purpose built mosque in London, inaugurated in 1926

The first Muslims to settle in London were Bengali and Yemeni sailors from the 19th century. Many Muslims from the Commonwealth served in the British Army and British Indian Army in the First and Second World Wars. In the wave of immigration that followed the Second World War, many Muslims emigrated to the UK from these Commonwealth countries and former colonies. Initially, many came from Pakistan especially the Pakistani Punjab and Kashmir and the Indian state of Gujarat. This initial wave of immigration of the 1950s and 60s was followed by migrants from Cyprus, Sylhet Bangladesh, formerly East Pakistan. Many Muslims also arrived from various other countries, although the percentage is far smaller than from the Indian sub-continent. Amongst those from other countries, Muslims from Yemen, Somalia and Turkey have significant numbers, whereas those from Malaysia, Nigeria, Ghana and Kenya represent smaller fractions. Today, London's Muslims come from all over the world and there is a small but growing group of converts.

21st century

Proportion stating they were Muslim in the 2011 census in Greater London.

Most of London's Muslims are descendants of immigrants from the Indian subcontinent, particularly Pakistan, Bangladesh and India. There is also a large number of Muslims from Arab countries. Among African Muslims there are large Maghreb (including Algerian and Egyptian) communities and Somali communities, as well as the equally large 200,000 members of the West African Muslim community. In addition, London is home to large Turkish and Bosnian Muslim communities, both of which comprise over 30,000 members. The city also has a high number of restaurants that serve halal food (around 2,300).

However, this influx of immigrants has led to community relations issues. In the East End of London, there is a lot of tension in the area around East Ham, Barking and Dagenham between Muslims and non-Muslims. The British National Party gained their highest vote by proportion, 16.9%, in the 2005 General Election in Barking[2] and has 12 councillors on Barking & Dagenham Borough Council.[3]

It is also home to The Islamic College, an Islamic college and university which offers A-levels, BA, and MA degrees in coordination with Middlesex University.

Ethnic background

The Turkish community in London[4]

London Muslim population origin

(UK: more than 1,000,000)

(UK: around 500,000)

(UK: around 500,000)

(UK: 200,000-250,000)

(UK: 240,000)

(UK: 220,000)

(UK: 330,000 that are Muslims and 1,300,000 non-muslims)

(UK: 100,000-150,000)

(UK: 100,000)

Most spoken languages

as first language

as second language


Local municipalities with large Muslim constituencies include:

- Bangladeshis, Somalis, Nigerians, Ghanaians, Pakistanis, Indians

- Pakistanis, Algerians, Kurds, Nigerians, Afghans, Albanians, Ghanaians, Swahilis, Arabs, Bangladeshis, Indians, Somalis, Iraqis"

- Somalis, Nigerians, Ghanaians, Algerians, Moroccans, Afghans, Indians, Pakistanis, Lebanese, Bangladeshis

- Pakistanis, Somalis, Indians, Afghans, Nigerians,Saudis

- Pakistanis, Somalis, Swahilis, Algerians, Bangladeshis, Indians"

- Pakistanis, Somalis, Indians, Afghans, Iraqis

- Nigerians, Ghanaians, Somalis, Bangladeshis

- Somalis, Pakistanis, Nigerians, Ghanaians, Indians

- Turkish and Turkish Cypriots, Somalis, Kurds, Albanians, Nigerians, Bangladeshis

- Indians, Turks, Pakistanis, Iraqis, Ghanaians

- Jamaicans, Nigerians, Ghanaians, Somalis, Algerians, Moroccans, Bangladeshis, Indians, Pakistanis, Iraqis, Afghans

- Pakistanis, Indians, Somalis, Nigerians, Ghanaians, Iraqis

- Bangladeshis, Iraqis

- Nigerians, Ghanaians, Bangladeshis

- Pakistanis, Somalis, Indians

- Indians; Turks, Ghanaians, Iraqis

See also


  1. ^ Area: London - Religion (UV15) (Office for National Statistics) accessed 2 March 2009
  2. ^ Milmo, Cahal (2006-04-20). "How the BNP is gaining ground in Barking with a campaign of lies and distortions". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  3. ^ Your councillors
  4. ^ The Guardian. "A guide to ethnic communities". London. Retrieved 2009-01-18. 
  5. ^ BBC Voices Multilingual Nation. "Turkish today by Viv Edwards". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 

External links

  • Reassessing what we collect website – Muslim London History of Muslim London with objects and images
  • Subject Guide on Islam in London
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.